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The history of Christmas. New words. Symbols and traditions: colours Father Christmas Christmas tree stockings food plants 4.Tests.
Christmas is a religious holiday and one of the happiest holidays of the year, because it is the day when the christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ.
The Christmas story comes from the Bible (Luke 2 and Mathew 1-2). Luke tells a beautiful story of shepherds who were watching their sheep when an angel appeared to them. He told them that a Savior had been born in Bethlehem. The shepherds went there to see Jesus. The baby Jesus was born in a stable. His mother was the Virgin Mary and his father was Joseph. Mathew tells how the Wise Man followed a star until it led them to Jesus. The Wise Man gave Jesus gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
Sleigh Santa Claus Angel Bell Stocking Candle Look at the at the pictures and try to remember the words!
Deer Wreath Presents Christmas tree Ornaments
means hope and the eternal longing for spring and all the promises of the future. means purity and is represented by the crystalline form of water and the snowflake. means love and reflects our warmth and love for each other. As a religious symbol it stands for fire,blood, and charity.
'Father Christmas' (or 'Santa Claus') has become the human face of Christmas. Pictures will be seen everywhere of the old man with long white beard, red coat, and bag of toys. Children are taught that he brings them presents the night before Christmas and many children up to the age of 7 or 8 really believe this is true.
In most countries, it is said that he lives near the North Pole, and arrives through the sky on a sledge pulled by reindeer. He comes into houses down the chimney at midnight and places presents for the children in socks or bags by their beds or in front of the family Christmas tree.
Father Christmas is based on a real person. St. Nicholas, which explains his other name 'Santa Claus’. Nicholas was a Christian leader from Myra (in modern-day Turkey) in the 4th century AD. He was very shy, and wanted to give money to poor people without them knowing about it. It is said that one day, he climbed the roof of a house and dropped a purse of money down the chimney. It landed in the stocking which a girl had put to dry by the fire!
The Christmas Tree originated in Germany in the 16th century. It was common for the Germanic people to decorate fir trees, both inside and out, with roses, apples, and colored paper. It is believed that Martin Luther, the Protestant reformer, was the first to light a Christmas tree with candles.
While coming home one dark winter's night near Christmas, he was struck with the beauty of the starlight shining through the branches of a small fir tree outside his home. He attached candles to the branches of his indoor Christmas tree. The Christmas tree was not widely used in Britain until the 19th century. It was brought to America by the Pennsylvania Germans in the 1820's.
Legend says that Saint Nicholas loved to give gifts. Many years ago, Saint Nicholas heard of a poor, widowed man who had three unmarried daughters. This man had hardly enough money for food and clothing for his daughters. In those days if a woman did not have a dowry her chances of marriage were not good. Saint Nicholas was traveling through their village and overheard some of the villagers talking about this man's troubles. The oldest daughter had hung her stockings to dry by the fireplace one evening and the next morning she found a lump of gold in one. No one knew where this money came from, but she now had a dowry and could marry. Shortly after, gold was found in each of the other sister's stockings.
The traditional Christmas dinner is roast turkey with vegetables and Christmas pudding. In England people make Christmas pudding before Christmas. Everyone in family stirs the pudding and makes a wish. It’s a traditional meal, which people cook for Christmas party. When the pudding is hot they put 5-penny pieces in it, and sometimes a little silver horseshoe, a button and a ring. If you find a button in your piece of pudding you will be rich, a horseshoe means happiness and good luck, a ring - marriage.
poinsettia holly, mistletoe Since the 19th century, the poinsettia, a native plant from Mexico, has been associated with Christmas. Other popular holiday plants include holly, mistletoe, red amaryllis, and Christmas cactus. Along with a Christmas tree, the interior of a home may be decorated with these plants. Christmas cactus. red amaryllis
A Christmas stands in everybody's living room at Christmas, shining its good cheer around the room. Sitting on the very top of the tree a silver is surrounded by tiny lights. All the branches are hung with silver and sparkling Around the base of the tree lie the and toys wrapped up in bright colourful paper.
Christmas quiz 1. When was Christmas first celebrated? Around 100 AD In the 4th Century 1935
2. Where did the Christmas tree tradition originate? Germany Israel New England
3. Who probably was the first man to illuminate a Christmas tree with candles? Pope John I Martin Luther St.Nicolas
4. What country was St. Nicholas born in? Germany Turkey Israel
5.What is traditional Christmas food? Turkey Chicken Apple
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Рождество http://www.ladyfromrussia.com/karnaval/pr/chr_usagr.shtml Н.В. Хромушкина Празднование Рождества в Великобритании и США http://www.north-pole.co.uk http://www.wilstar.com/xmas/xmassymb.htm The Symbols and Traditions of Christmas http://festival.1september.ru/ В презентации использованы материалы:
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