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Geographical position To the North-East of India, the high mountains of the Himalayas, is China. The ancient Chinese called their country "celestial Empire" or "Middle Kingdom", because they believed that it lies in the middle of four seas: the East, South, Sandy and Rocky. Sand sea called the harsh and arid desert the Gobi desert, and the Rocky sea — Tibet, the mountainous region beyond the Himalayas. China runs two large rivers — the Yangtze and yellow river
Beliefs of the ancient Chinese Like other peoples, In the earliest period of their history the ancient Chinese worshiped the forces of nature. They imagined in the form of good and evil spirits and demons. The Lord of rain, storms, river water and all underground forces was a dragon. Over time, the dragon became the symbol of the king. The Chinese revered the five sacred mountains, the most important believed Taishan
The agriculture of the ancient Chinese The basic food of the Chinese is rice. Growing rice is hard. Knee-deep in water ploughed farmers field and sow rice. Margins on all sides was protected by a low earthen dams. In the dam did gate through which passed the water on the field from rivers and canals. The collected rice is pounded in a mortar and cooked it in different foods. Most often, rice is simply boiled and eaten with wooden chopsticks, which the Chinese are now, as we keep spoons and forks.
The life of the peasants The lives of ordinary people in ancient China was hard. Continuously wars were fought that ravaged the country. For the villages, the officials went with the guards and collect taxes. Peasants who could not pay, gave into slavery. And in lean years, farmers themselves sold into slavery their children. The villagers had to build dams around the fields, dig the canals. They were forced to build Great Chinese walls
Chinese money The Chinese used small and large money. Were small coins with holes in the middle. They were strung on twine a thousand pieces and wore such cords with you. Big money were ingots (bars) of silver. When it was time to pay, from ingot cut off a piece and weighed.
Номер материала: ДБ-171905
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