Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Reported (Indirect) Speech (Косвенная речь)
Косвенная речь имеет форму придаточного предложения в составе сложноподчиненного. При этом согласно смыслу меняются местоимения и глаголы: My friend says, “I have bought a new book.” My friend says he has bought a new book. 2) Helen says, “I help my mum with dinner.” Helen says she helps her mum with dinner.
Statements (Утверждения) . John says, ”I am a student.” John says he is a student. Sue says, ”It was my first trip to Spain.” Sue says it was her first trip to Spain. Parents say, “You should study seriously.” Parents say that I should study seriously.
General Questions ask(s) if (whether) . Tom asks, “Do you have a pet, Olga?” Tom asks if Olga has a pet. 2) Dad asks, “Did you enjoy the holidays?” Dad asks if I enjoyed the holidays. The teacher asks, “Will you be a vet?” The teacher asks if I will be a vet.
Special Questions . Bob asks, “Where does Nick work?” Bob asks where Nick works. The teacher asks, “Why are you late?” The teacher asks why I am late. Mum asks me, “When have you come?” Mum asks me when I have come.
Orders, Commands, Requests (Приказы, команды, просьбы) . The man asks, “Tom, help me.” The man asks Tom to help him. 2) Mum tells me, “Don’t cross the street.” Mum tells me not to cross the street.
Transform The pupil says: “I’m always late for classes.” Mary says: “It’s time to have lunch.” She says: “I’m leaving on Sunday.” The boy says: “I often ride a bike.” The boy says: “I’ve never been in the zoo.” Liz says: “We met at the cinema.” Hue says to Bob: “I’ll see you off.” The dentist says: “Sugar is bad for your teeth.”
Transform The stranger asks: “Is anybody at home?” The teacher asks: “Do you have questions?” She asks me: “Did you understand the text?” The wife asks: “Rick, have you got my letter?” Parents ask the son: “Where have you been?” The waiter asks: “What will you order?” He asks the girl: “Why did you go there?” The student asks: “When does the exam start?”
Transform The policeman says: “Tell me the truth.” The woman asks: “Meet me at the port.” The doctor tells me: “Go to bed.” The teacher says: “Sit down, please.” “Don’t worry about your dog,” he says her. Jane tells Harry: “Don’t open the door.” The manager says: “Don’t be late.” The professor asks: “Don’t miss my classes.”
Если при передаче слов собеседника (при переходе прямой речи в косвенную), действие рассматривается с позиции прошлого времени, необходимо согласование времён
Tenses in Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Present Simple V (s) Past Simple V II (ed) Present Progressive am/is/are Ving Past Progressive was/were Ving Present Perfect have/has V III (ed) Past Perfect had V III (ed) Present Perf. Progr. have/has been Ving Past Perfect Progr. had been Ving Past Simple V II (ed) Past Perfect had V III (ed) Past Progressive was/were Ving Past Progressive was/were Ving Past Perfect had V III (ed) Past Perfect had V III (ed) Past Perf. Progr. had been Ving Past Perfect Progr. had been Ving Future Simple will/shall V Fut. Sim. in the Past would V
Change the Tenses She said: “I cook lunch.” “I’m cooking lunch.” “I’ve cooked lunch.” “I’ve been cooking lunch.” “I cooked lunch.” “I was cooking lunch.” “I had cooked lunch.” “I’d been cooking lunch.” “I will cook lunch.” She said that she cooked lunch. she was cooking lunch. she had cooked lunch. she had been cooking lunch. she had cooked lunch. she was cooking lunch. she had cooked lunch. she had been cooking lunch. she would cook lunch.
He asked me: “Do you run?” “Are you running?” “Have you run?” “Have you been running?” “Did you run?” “Were you running?” “Had you run?” “Had you been running?” “Will you run?” He asked me if I ran. was running. had run. had been running. had run. was running. had run. had been running. would run.
Mum told the son: “Buy some bread.” “Don’t talk to strangers.” “Look after your sister.” “Don’t lose your keys.” “Prepare for exams well.” “Leave the phone at home.” “Don’t speak too loud.” Mum told the son to buy some bread. not to talk to strangers. to look after his sister. not to lose his keys. to prepare for exams well. to leave the phone at home. not to speak too loud.
Изменение обст-в времени и места, указат-ых местоимений Direct Speech Indirect Speech now then here there this / these that / those today that day tomorrow (the) next day yesterday the day before /the previous day next week the next week /the following week last week the previous week last year the year before
He said: “I’m writing a story now.” “I wrote this story yester- day. “I’ll write these stories to- morrow.” “I lived here last year.” “ Is mom busy now?” “Where will you be next week?” He said he was writing a story then. he had written that story the day before. he would write those stories next day. he had lived there the year before. if mom was busy then? where I would be the next week?
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