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Renaissance BRITISH LITERATURE
STARTER Work in small groups to create MIND MAP of the Renaissance period
FOCUS QUESTIONS Renaissance: brief history and characteristic features Major Renaissance figures The Golden Age in British Literature
RENAISSANCE (1485-1603) Rebirth from barbarism of the Middle Ages that started in Italy (14th c.) and spread out over Europe. In England it began to be felt towards the close of the 15th c.
RENAISSANCE FIGURES Leonardo da Vinci Michelangelo Titian Michelangelo
RENAISSANCE FIGURES Galileo Galilei William Shakespeare Christopher Columbus
Characteristic Features -The Age of Discovery - commerce between Europe and East -Columbus Voyages. People gained the opportunity to show themselves initiative, ambitious, heroic, with a sense of personality.
Humanist outlook, marked with optimism, belief in man’s great abilities; interest in the matters of men-human rather than divine.
A revival of interest in the ancient culture of Greece and Rome but with a new sense of what had been lost throughout the Middle Ages. Creating of new culture, new literature, new outlook, and new hopes.
Historical Background The Renaissance gave the mankind such great men in literature as: Petrarche, Boccacio, Cervantes. In England the most notable of the men who care to create a new literature were:
Historical Background Sir Philip Sidney Edmund Spenser Christopher Marlowe Francis Bacon William Shakespeare
It was the time of Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558 - 1603) when England was developing into a strong nation, peaceful and wealthy at home, powerful overseas.
The Elizabethan Age is marked by features so distinct and so superior that it has been called the “Golden Age in English literature.” Works of Shakespeare, new forms of literature, great quantity of talented poets and dramatists.
It is the age of poetry: lyric poetry and poetic drama (plays in verse) in the plays of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson. Yet after them, the poetic drama becomes very rare in English literature.
Elizabethan Theatre was nothing like modern one at all. The first theatre or playhouse was built in 1576 by James Burbage.
EDMUND SPENSER (1552-1599) Poet Laureate (honorary position appointed by the monarch), known as the “prince of poets” or the “poet’s poet” as he had a rich dreamy music and a skill in poetic form.
His most notable poetic achievement is The Faerie Queene, set in the world of King Arthur and his knights with. For it he invented a new stanza- a group of lines forming a unit in a poem, known now as Spenserian stanza- a nine-line stanza, rhyming ababbcbcc which was later used by many great English poets.
SIR PHILIP SIDNEY (1554-1586) Philip Sidney is perhaps the supreme example of the ideal Elizabethan gentleman: a brave soldier, a great traveller, a noted patron of the arts, a courtier, a particular favourite of Queen Elizabeth and a gifted writer.
He is best noted as the author of Astrophel and Stella, a series of 110 brief poems - sonnets that develop a single subject, love.
CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564-1593) Born in the same year as Shakespeare he was killed in a brawl when he was 29. By that time he established himself as a powerful dramatist with his tragedies, Tamburlaine, The Jew of Malta, Dr Faustus earning the title …
“ father of English tragedy”. He established the use of blank verse in the English drama, a form of verse, which Shakespeare adopted and brought to technical perfection.
SIR FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626) an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. Some famous quotes: ‘It is impossible to love and to be wise’. ‘It is as hard and severe a thing to be a true politician as to be truly moral’. ‘Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested’.
BACON as a WRITER Of all Bacon’s literary writings the most popular - Essays and Counsels (в русском переводе: «Опыты, или наставления нравственные и политические»)
BACON AS A WRITER Bacon was the first English writer to make use of the essay as a new literary form and shape it to his own taste. The Baconian essay is objective, compact and logical.
MIND MAP (redesigned) Work in mini-groups to create your MIND MAP of the Renaissance period. Pay special attention to the British Literature. Be ready to share your ideas with the class.
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Невозможно качественно выучить английский язык и понять страну изучаемого языка, менталитет ее народа без знания ее культуры. Британская литература - один из ее важнейших компонентов. Мы читаем много текстов британских авторов. Однако необходима определенная систематизации знаний в историческом контексте.
Данная презентация может служить основой для представления материала по периоду Ренессанса и использована с различной целевой аудиторией (ученики, студенты, учителя), доработана: усложнена или упрощена исходя из этого.
У. Шекспиру посвящена отдельная презентация, в силу чего вопросы его жизни и творчества практически не отражены в этой.