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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE? WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE!
FOCUS QUESTIONS Why study Shakespeare Obscure biography Creative work: periods The Authorship question Greatness
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564 –1616)
WHY STUDY SHAKESPEARE?
People who have studied Shakespeare: Have a broader view of the world in general. Have a greater understanding of human nature (greed, faithfulness, love, power, gentleness, poor choices, honesty, integrity, popularity, danger, patriotism, selfishness, self-sacrifice, etc.).
Why Shakespeare? “Someone that would ask, "Why do you study Shakespeare?" hasn't really taken the time to know him. Once you give yourself the patience to get into Shakespeare YOU ARE HOOKED and other literature pales.“
Great Man English Renaissance is the Age of William Shakespeare. But the age knew many brilliant men. What makes him the greatest of the great?
Answer the question How is it then that a playwright had such a powerful appeal to later generations and is still popular today? ?
The answer as a rule given is that Shakespeare understood human affairs in their essential aspects and explored them in a way, which was both individual and universal at one and the same time.
He was a magnificent poet a great dramatist a psychologist a philosopher. So many aspects of his genius!
EARLY LIFE Little is known about Shakespeare’s life. Born (assumed) and died on the
Nothing is known for certain about his childhood Born in the town Stratford-upon-Avon in a middle class family. The eldest of 8 children. He probably went to the local grammar school.
At the age of 18 he married. Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway had three children – a son, Hamnet (died in 1596), and two daughters, Susanna and Judith. His only granddaughter Elizabeth died childless in 1670. Shakespeare therefore has no direct descendants.
LIFE STORY At the age of 21 he left Stratford. The next 7 years are often called “the lost years” because no one knows for sure what Shakespeare did during this time. But in 1592 his first work was printed and at that time he lived in London.
He spent most of his career in London as an actor, playwright, one of the owners of the GLOBE theatre where many of his plays were first staged. Fame, friends and money were his.
There are more than 80 variations recorded for the spelling of Shakespeare’s name. He spelt his name “Willm Shaksp,” “William Shakespe,” “Wm Shakspe,” “William Shakspere,” ”Willm Shakspere,” and “William Shakspeare”. There are no records of him ever having spelt it “William Shakespeare”, as we know him today.
LATER YEARS Shakespeare bought property at Stratford where his family lived. In 1611 he returned to his native town and spent his last days there. Died in 1616 and was buried in the church of Stratford.
Inscription on Shakespeare’s grave A stone slab covering his grave is inscribed with a curse against moving his bones Good frend for Iesvs sake forbeare,To digg the dvst encloased heare.Blest be ye man yt spares thes stones,And cvrst be he yt moves my bones.
CREATIVE WORK: Historical Background The young dramatist began his writing career in the Elizabethan age that is called “Golden Age in English literature”.
Freedom for thought to express itself, variety in life and freshness of experience. The printing press, travel, and the social intercourse all stimulated intellectual activity.
Creative Work Shakespeare’s plays are usually described as comedies, tragedies and histories, but this is an oversimplification as many of them do not fall precisely into any one category.
3 Periods (? ) of His Creative Work In the first period - history plays. The main subject of his historical chronicles is history and political life of the time. They cover a period of more than 3 hundred years of English history (12th-16th centuries).
King Henry YI The Tragedy of King Richard III The Tragedy of King Richard II The Life And Death of King John
The 1-st Period In the first period he wrote 9 brilliant comedies full of humanist love for people. The drama The Merchant of Venice & the two early tragedies Romeo and Juliet and …
9 Comedies: The Comedy of Errors The Taming of the Shrew The Two Gentlemen of Verona Love’s Labour’s Lost
A Midsummer Night’s Dream Much Ado About Nothing The Merry Wives of Windsor As You Like It Twelfth Night; Or What You Will
Julius Caesar showed that Shakespeare’s approval to reality became more pessimistic and his plays became more serious as time went on. During this period Shakespeare was becoming better and better at writing, but not yet at his peak.
The 2-nd Period The second period between 1601-1608 is the period of the greatest Shakespeare’s dramatic achievement as he wrote his 4 great tragedies.
In his tragedies he touched upon the moral problems of universal significance – honesty, cruelty, kindness, love that made them to be of great interest to every new generation.
The play, which is an exception to the dark, serious, tragic matters of evil and death, is All’s Well That Ends Well. Perhaps it was something that Shakespeare wrote very quickly for a special occasion.
The 3-rd Period The plays of the third period –1609-1612 differ from everything written by Shakespeare before. He still touched upon important social and moral problems, but
now he suggested utopian solutions to them. He introduced romantic and fantastic elements due to which the works of this period are called romantic dramas.
William Shakespeare is the author of 2 poems, 37 plays, and 154 sonnets. In his sonnets he showed his extraordinary powers of expression and his depth of emotional understanding.
Shakespeare’s plays were first printed 7 years after his death. Ben Jonson wrote such lines, which have only, become more true as the centuries have passed, ”He was not of an age, but for all time”.
For four hundred years, doubts have been recorded about whether William Shakespeare actually wrote the works attributed to him.
Around 150 years after Shakespeare's death, doubts began to emerge about the authorship of Shakespeare's works. Alternative most notable candidates proposed include Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, and Edward de Vere, the Earl of Oxford. Popular interest in the subject has continued into the 21st century.
GREAT STORIES! GREAT MAN! The works of William Shakespeare have the symbolic status of immortal classics.
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Существует невероятное количество материала об У. Шекспире. Тем не менее, надеюсь, вы найдете эту презентацию весьма полезной. Почему? Да потому что сколько -нибудь внятно структурировать материал по Шекспиру в учебных целях непросто. С одной стороны, бесконечные "сомнения" и спекуляции авторов многочисленных публикаций относительно фактов жизни и творчества Шекспира. С другой - величайшие произведения, которые существуют вне зависимости от решения, так называемого «шекспировского вопроса» (а кто автор?). Каждое такое произведение и/или направление творчества заслуживают отдельного рассмотрения. Все зависит от целей и задач изучения вами и вашими учениками У. Шекспира.