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Landscape design and landscaping Departament of Homeland and personnel policies of the Belgorod region Regional state educational institution of secondary education ShebekinoAgrotechnical Vocational College group 3 SPL Linnikov Dmitriy Teacher of English Tolstaya Svetlana
The course "Introduction to landscape ecology" aims :to develop student's ideas about the landscape .as part of the geographic shell, the components of which are interdependent. Exploring typologies and the specifics of the study of landscape ecology-natural and anthropogenic landscape approaches to the analysis of its ecological status. The course is recommended for specific situations. Landscape ecology
Goals and objectives... To broaden my horizons in landscape design To understand what is landscape design. To improve skills for work with additional material and latest technologies. Learn to properly equip and green areas. To develop "their" types of landscape design to our edge.
The role of the landscape for human The cultural landscape should be beautiful. Use aesthetic landscape is to maintain physical, mental health and educational potential. Russia has a lot of cultural landscape ensembles ( St. Petersburg, Tsarskoe Selo, Peterhof) On the creation of cultural landscapes people - landscape designers With the cultural landscape from era to era passed acquired over centuries of material and spiritual wealth of the nation. Cultural landscape environment grows and forms for future generations. People build and protect native landscapes, and landscapes educate people.
Guidelines landscape design Landscape design of the plot involves the artificial creation of an environment by using natural ingredients. Of course, much in the development of landscape design project depends on soil, terrain and climate.
The landscape, designed in accordance with certain style, able to create a special atmosphere that will bring your home into another era only if the project landscaping will fully conform to the architectural style of the house. Usually, there are two main styles of landscape design – formal and infinity. In the first case it will be the landscape design, the main elements of which represent well-defined shape, the second design is intended to emphasize the natural beauty of nature.
Today, there are many elements of landscape design of the plot, the use of which will allow to create a unique landscaping. The most common of them is the large trees, rock gardens, flower beds and flower beds
Irrigation system areas Watering is essential to plants, and no matter where the water comes from, it is refreshing plants and absorbed into the soil, bringing nutrients to the plant roots. It is therefore important to devise a system of watering of the site and to carry out device of an automatic irrigation system. Of course, you can water the area from a watering can or drag hoses on a site with different attachments, however, in recent years more and more popular is the use of automatic watering systems.
Landscape lighting, landscape lighting design In autumn and winter your garden quickly plunged into darkness. To be outdoors and in the evenings will help landscape lighting. In the summer twilight landscape lighting allows you to enjoy the quiet, to be alone or sit in a circle of relatives and friends. A competent landscape lighting design of Your site will make available any corner at any time of the day. Landscape lighting uses both high lights and directional lighting. There are different types of management and landscape lighting.
Gardening and landscaping Choosing seedlings for landscaping, try to imagine how harmoniously their deciduous piece fit into the overall palette of the plot: whether it will be nice to shade her if you can match the color, shape and intensity of color to the landscape
Finishing with natural stone Finishing with natural stone accentuate the beauty of Your home and surrounding area and will combine all items into a single unit. Finishing with natural stone in landscaping, we use nearly all areas. Using natural stone in natural or processed form, you can decorate the facade or a basement, decorate with natural stone fireplace room or Conservatory. And the landscape of Your garden using natural stone for the decoration of twisting paths, rock gardens and water grottos, waterfalls will be particularly expressive.
The creation of flower beds, design flower beds The creation of flower beds and making beds, any garden can make more interesting. You can achieve extraordinary long-flowering the garden — indeed, apart from the snowdrops bloom in early spring hionodoksy and narozniki, and escorted year autumn crocuses, bezvremenniki and some cyclamen. Everywhere offers a great variety of seeds of annuals and perennials for mixed borders, plants for the rockery, bulbs. The creation of flower gardens and design flower beds You can certainly do yourself. But it is a labour intensive activity can pick up all of Your free time
To get a spectacular flower bed or lawn, you need to select the plants so that they not only were nearby, but also had similar "tastes" (temperature, light, humidity). Thus, one of the secrets of successful gardening plot is well-chosen plants that will meet all the objectives. More than a suitable environment will be provided for the plants, the better they will develop, and, therefore, longer to decorate your site
Styles landscape Regular style of a Park landscape, often referred to as French is the brainchild of the era of absolutism. The basic principle of regular style in landscape design is order and regularity in everything. Park in the French style is based on a coherent plan, subject to certain General idea. All lines in this Park are geometrically correct, the tracks are usually straight, and if not, then the line curves are drawn on the plan with the help of a compass.
Chinese style landscape Traditional Chinese garden called the reflection of the soul of his master. As a unique soul, a unique and the appearance of the garden. It can be translated and elements of local tradition, and philosophical and religious beliefs of the owner or Creator of the garden, and especially his personal character. In the garden of Chinese style it is very difficult to define the line between artificial and natural, between the creation of human hands and nature. The Chinese garden is always committed to excellence, to the ideal ratio between land and water, hills and the plain, plants and open space. The main principles of Chinese garden is a hierarchy and harmony. Therefore, in the Chinese garden landscape is bound to have a particular center, the key of the song for which the other elements are subordinate.
Can take a corner or niche inside or outside the house and stretch a couple of steps away from the wall. And size of trees will be matched to the size of the garden – but it will be the most real adult trees. The art of cultivation is also part of Japanese tradition, and today, these dwarf trees called bonsai, also known around the world. But in Europe they are most often grown in pots on the windowsill, and in Japan they can be a part of a full-fledged garden. apanese garden In the Japanese garden is never anything excessive, pretentious, stand out from the crowd. There is no riot of colors and a whimsical plant diversity. And at the same time, there is nothing secondary, surplus, without which you can do. A Japanese garden may consist of a single tree. Or of several trees located in accordance with a certain philosophical idea and who can be understood only through meditation.
Infinity style landscape The main principle of the English (or as it is called – infinity) style in landscape design – natural lines and compositions. There are no straight lines and geometric shapes, no plants, trimmed on one line. Tracks and stream beds and channels in the English garden of bizarre twists and shores of waterbodies not clad in stone embankments. They are indistinguishable from the shores of natural ponds and lakes, and if the shoreline and built some artificial structures – bridges, stairs or easy descent to the water – they fit into the natural landscape.
Conclusion. This work allows to concretize theoretical the provisions of landscape ecology, shows their use in practice. Presents photographs of the cultural landscape of our city of Shebekino , as well as areas that we visited during the trip.
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