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Superstitions of different countries Zaytsev peter Teacher: Karelina, irina nazarovna
Why did we chose this theme? 1. At our English lessons we speak about different superstitions and omens 2. The knowledge of superstitions and omens expands our notion about the country and allows to understand its history and customs of the people 3. We’d like to know if the pupils of our school believe in superstitions and omens or not 4. We’ve read a lot of materials in the Internet
Tasks of the project: 1. To define the words “superstition” and “omen” 2. To make a list of superstitions and omens in the different countries 3. To sum up about the role of superstitions and omens in people’s life and the culture of the country
What does it mean “SUPERSTITON” and “OMEN”? Superstition is a belief in supernatural causality: that one event leads to the cause of another without any physical process linking the two events, such as astrology, omens, witchcraft, etc., that contradicts natural science. Omen is an event regarded as a portent of good or evil.
Latin “superstes” composed on super (over, beyond) sto (to stand) Belief that stands outside the bounds of clerical religion
Many superstitions can be prompted: 1. By misunderstanding of causality or statistics 2. “Folk beliefs” 3. A result of misinterpreting correlations as causes 4. Urban legends
The most popular and interesting beliefs: Money superstitions Luck superstitions Bad superstitions
Money The coin which you found should be kept it will bring good luck (Italy) Bags can’t be put on a floor – money won’t be (Spain) If you always pick up burnt matches instead of leaving them laying you will find money (England)
Money If you put a spider in your pocket the money will be there. If to spit for example on money , in the future you can get even more. If you scratch your left hand, you will give money away (Britain)
Luck Superstitions Black cats bring good luck in England and Scotland. But in Russia it is bad.
Sit down before departure Before leaving, beginning a travel, the person has to sit down.
Travelling If you travel you should not turn half way; even when you forget something.
Clover is a small plant. Usually it has three leaves, but a few have four. A clover with four leaves brings good luck (Britain)
On the first day of the month it's lucky to say "White rabbits".
Bad superstitions If you break a mirror, you will have seven years of bad luck.(England, Russia) Empty bottles on the table are a bad sign. Russians believe that carrying an empty bucket is not good or bumping into a person with an empty bucket in the street.
Never open an umbrella in the house. That's very bad luck (Italy, Britain)
Present with something sharp It is not good to give a present that contains something sharp, like a fork or a knife.
Friday the 13th superstitions Friday the 13th superstitions are among the most pervasive of all bad-luck beliefs. On this day, many people believe bad things are bound to happen, and any luck is bad luck. In France, Italy, Spain, probably Portugal too 13 is actually a lucky number. Interesting that in Italian culture, the number 17 is their 13.
The most unusual superstitions England Put the onion under your pillow at night before St. Thomas and see your future husband in a dream.
Scotland If the soup pops out of hand it is not good. Before the wedding, the bride must go swimming in the mud and then she will have a happy family life. The most unusual superstitions
The most unusual superstitions Russia If you comb hair every Monday, your husband will die.
Survey among pupils We conducted a survey among students and have found out that: 11% of the pupils believe in superstitions, 36% of them do not believe in superstitions and 53% do not know. 24% of the pupils have an amulet and 76% of the pupils don’t have it.
The belief of the pupils in omens.
The belief of the teachers in omens.
The superstition of the students
The superstition of the teachers
The best day of the week
The worst day of the week
Conclusions Superstitions and omens are argued about for a long time. And people of absolutely different professions, different characters and temperaments debate about it. But this is your own affair to believe in them or not.
On the one hand superstitions and omens make our life more various, on the other hand they can complicate our way of life. That’s why you should be sensible and don’t let the superstitions to rule over you. Conclusions
Thank you for attention!!