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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Презентация "The Development of the English language"

Презентация "The Development of the English language"

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  • Иностранные языки
 The top ten language families :
Indo-European (Proto - language) - The Germanic languages: English, German, D...
English father , Dutch vader, Gothic fadar, Old Norse fadir, German Vater, Gr...
The Celts settled in Britain in about 500 B.C. (Gaelic and Welsh)
The most important Celtic words in modern English are names of places, especi...
The Romans invaded Britain and ruled the Celts from A.D. 43-410
The Romans left behind them memories of camps, roads, and military colonies i...
A.D. 450-1150, Old English (Anglo-Saxon) Period
West Germanic invaders from Jutland and southern Denmark: the Angles (whose n...
About half of the most commonly used words in modern English have Old English...
Written Old English is mainly known from this period. It was written in an al...
In A.D. 597, St. Augustine arrived in England and converted Anglo-Saxons to C...
With Christianity many Latin words were introduced into English: altar, churc...
In A.D. 865, the Viking army invaded England
The Vikings added many Norse words: sky, egg, cake, leg, window, husband, ski...
Today familiar English and American patronymic ending in son; such as Jackson...
Alfred the Great, 871-899, the first king of England
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066 A.D. (The Middle English period...
Sometimes French words replaced Old English words; crime replaced firen and u...
In other times, French and Old English components combined to form a new word...
Sometimes, both English and French words were used alongside: French English...
The Germanic form of plurals (house-housen; shoe-shoen) was replaced by the F...
French also affected spelling greatly, for example Old English cw became qu;...
 Modern English: 1500 on
Old English From Beowulf, 11th century
King James Bible 1611 This translation became one of the most commonly used C...
Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language, 1755, standardized the...
English in a Global Context More than 40 countries around the world consider...
 English in the World
 English in the World
Standard English Standard English, also known as Received Pronunciation (RP),...
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№ слайда 7  The top ten language families :
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The top ten language families :

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№ слайда 9 Indo-European (Proto - language) - The Germanic languages: English, German, D
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Indo-European (Proto - language) - The Germanic languages: English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, and Swedish. - The Roman languages: Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian. - The Celtic languages: Welsh and Gaelic. - The Slavic languages: Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Serbo-Croatian, and Bulgarian. - The Baltic languages: Lithuanian and Latvian. - The Iranian languages: Persian and Pashto. - The Indic languages: Sanskrit and Hindi. - Other miscellaneous languages; such as, Albanian and Armenian.

№ слайда 10 English father , Dutch vader, Gothic fadar, Old Norse fadir, German Vater, Gr
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English father , Dutch vader, Gothic fadar, Old Norse fadir, German Vater, Greek pater, Sanskrit pitar, and Old Irish athir; English brother, Dutch broeder, German Bruder, Greek phrater, Sanskrit bhratar, Old Slavic bratu, Irish Brathair.

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№ слайда 12 The Celts settled in Britain in about 500 B.C. (Gaelic and Welsh)
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The Celts settled in Britain in about 500 B.C. (Gaelic and Welsh)

№ слайда 13 The most important Celtic words in modern English are names of places, especi
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The most important Celtic words in modern English are names of places, especially in Scotland and Ireland. Aberdeen ( from aber – mouth) Dunbar, Dundee (from dun – a protected place) Kilkeny (from kil - church); and a few common words such as bog, crag, willow.

№ слайда 14 The Romans invaded Britain and ruled the Celts from A.D. 43-410
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The Romans invaded Britain and ruled the Celts from A.D. 43-410

№ слайда 15 The Romans left behind them memories of camps, roads, and military colonies i
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The Romans left behind them memories of camps, roads, and military colonies in such endings in geographical names, as -caster, -cester or -chester (from castra - camp), -coln (from colonia), the words street (from strata), mile (from millia passuum - a thousand paces)

№ слайда 16 A.D. 450-1150, Old English (Anglo-Saxon) Period
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A.D. 450-1150, Old English (Anglo-Saxon) Period

№ слайда 17 West Germanic invaders from Jutland and southern Denmark: the Angles (whose n
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West Germanic invaders from Jutland and southern Denmark: the Angles (whose name is the source of the words England and English), Saxons, and Jutes, began populating the British Isles in the fifth and sixth centuries A.D.

№ слайда 18 About half of the most commonly used words in modern English have Old English
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About half of the most commonly used words in modern English have Old English roots. Words like be, water, and strong, for example, derive from Old English roots.

№ слайда 19 Written Old English is mainly known from this period. It was written in an al
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Written Old English is mainly known from this period. It was written in an alphabet called Runic, derived from the Scandinavian languages.

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№ слайда 22 In A.D. 597, St. Augustine arrived in England and converted Anglo-Saxons to C
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In A.D. 597, St. Augustine arrived in England and converted Anglo-Saxons to Christianity.

№ слайда 23 With Christianity many Latin words were introduced into English: altar, churc
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With Christianity many Latin words were introduced into English: altar, church, bishop, priest, angel, but also a number of common words, esp. names of plants, animals and food: plant, lily, cheese, and others. Roman handwriting replaced the old runic alphabet.

№ слайда 24 In A.D. 865, the Viking army invaded England
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In A.D. 865, the Viking army invaded England

№ слайда 25 The Vikings added many Norse words: sky, egg, cake, leg, window, husband, ski
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The Vikings added many Norse words: sky, egg, cake, leg, window, husband, skill, anger, flat, ugly, get, give, take, raise, call, die, they, their, them.

№ слайда 26 Today familiar English and American patronymic ending in son; such as Jackson
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Today familiar English and American patronymic ending in son; such as Jackson, Robertson, Stevenson, etc. clearly are also of Scandinavian origin.

№ слайда 27 Alfred the Great, 871-899, the first king of England
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Alfred the Great, 871-899, the first king of England

№ слайда 28 The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
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The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

№ слайда 29 William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066 A.D. (The Middle English period
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William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066 A.D. (The Middle English period 1150—1500)

№ слайда 30 Sometimes French words replaced Old English words; crime replaced firen and u
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Sometimes French words replaced Old English words; crime replaced firen and uncle replaced eam.

№ слайда 31 In other times, French and Old English components combined to form a new word
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In other times, French and Old English components combined to form a new word; such as, the French gentle and the Germanic man formed gentleman.

№ слайда 32 Sometimes, both English and French words were used alongside: French English
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Sometimes, both English and French words were used alongside: French English close shut reply answer odour smell desire wish chamber room

№ слайда 33 The Germanic form of plurals (house-housen; shoe-shoen) was replaced by the F
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The Germanic form of plurals (house-housen; shoe-shoen) was replaced by the French method of making plurals: adding an "s" (house-houses; shoe-shoes). Only a few words have retained their Germanic plurals: men, oxen, feet, teeth, children.

№ слайда 34 French also affected spelling greatly, for example Old English cw became qu;
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French also affected spelling greatly, for example Old English cw became qu; thus cween became queen.

№ слайда 35  Modern English: 1500 on
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Modern English: 1500 on

№ слайда 36 Old English From Beowulf, 11th century
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Old English From Beowulf, 11th century

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№ слайда 44 King James Bible 1611 This translation became one of the most commonly used C
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King James Bible 1611 This translation became one of the most commonly used Christian bibles in the world.

№ слайда 45 Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language, 1755, standardized the
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Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language, 1755, standardized the usage of the English language.

№ слайда 46 English in a Global Context More than 40 countries around the world consider
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English in a Global Context More than 40 countries around the world consider English their primary language Antigua, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Barbuda, Belize, Botswana, Cameroon, Canada, Dominica, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mauritius, Micronesia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, St. Lucia, St.Vincent, Swaziland, The Grenadines, The Philippines, Trinidad & Tobago, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

№ слайда 47  English in the World
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English in the World

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English in the World

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№ слайда 50 Standard English Standard English, also known as Received Pronunciation (RP),
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Standard English Standard English, also known as Received Pronunciation (RP), the Queen's English, or BBC English, is a form of British English regarded as the standard accent in the United Kingdom.

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Автор
Дата добавления 26.08.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
Просмотров247
Номер материала ДA-016541
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