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The Knight in the Panther's Skin
'Epic' – (from the Greek) is a word narration, one of the three kinds of literature, telling about various events of the past. It talks about the features of the society. The heroic epic of the world's people is the most important and sometimes the only evidence of past eras.
The heroic epic dates back to ancient myths and reflects the representation of the human nature and the world. Initially it was formed verbally, then, acquiring new plots and images, it was fixed in writing.
About Rustaveli`s biography is known very little. The poem was created before the end of the 80s of the 12th century and not later than the 1st decade of the 13th century. We can assume that Rustaveli was born at the 60-70-ies of the 12th century. According to some sources, Rustaveli completed his education in Greece. It is believed that Rustaveli was a state treasurer of Queen Tamara, Georgia
The poem was created before the end of the 80s of the 12th century and not later than the 1st decade of the 13th century. A poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin" has 1637 verses and 16 syllables in a verse. It came to us in numerous manuscripts, with a mass of interpretations, additions, and the continuation. There are more than 50 editions of the poem in the Georgian language. The poem was translated into many foreign languages. There are 5 translations of the poem into Russian. Also it was translated into Yakut language
The poem tells about the triumphant struggle of three knights - friends: Tariel, Avtandil and Pridon to release the captive of Kagami, beautiful Nestan-Darejan, the beloved of Tariel.
The duel between the two forces inspired human feelings of love, friendship and freedom of the knights, on the one hand, and Cajete, which is a symbol of slavery, of darkness and oppression, on the other hand, is the main conflict underlying the story of the poem.
This unique struggle between principles of good and evil, light and darkness, freedom and slavery ended with glorious victory for the triumph of freedom and justice for knights: they defeated an impregnable fortress Cajete and freed the beautiful Nestan-Darejan - a symbol of beauty, light and goodness.
Fight of three heroes for Nestan`s liberation was crowned with victory. Optimistic idea of justice over tyranny, of good over evil is at the heart of the poem: the person must be bold, he can achieve full happiness on earth. The poem is full of the idea of patriotism.