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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Fact files: Official name: The United States of America Status: A federal republic, a union of 50 states Area: 9,364,000 squ. km. Population: about 250 mln. people (2006) Capital: Washington, D.C.
Washington DC (District of Columbia) is the capital of the country and the seat of the government.
The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada and China).
It is situated in the central part of the North American Continent. It also includes Alaska and Hawaii.
The USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico on the south. The total area of the country is more than nine million square kilometers.
It is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the west and the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico in the east.
The largest cities of the USA are:
... and many others.
The flag of the United States of America is called “Stars and Stripes”. There are three colours on the flag- red, white and blue.
One of the famous symbols of the USA is the Statue of Liberty.
The statue of Liberty is a woman who holds a torch up high. She symbolizes a welcome to a land of freedom.
Here is the Mount Rushmore Memorial. The construction of this memorial began in 1925. Gutzon Borglum, a famous American sculptor, carved on the face of Mount Rushmore the heads of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln and Roosevelt.
Natural sights of the USA The Niagara Falls – a waterfalls on the river Niagara (51 meters high). It is situated on the boarder between the USA and Canada. The waterfalls was discovered by the expedition of R. Lassal. There is always a rainbow over it.
The Mississippi – “Old man river” together with its tributaries the Missouri and the Ohio is the longest river in the world.
The Capitol is the highest building in W., The Sights of Washington The White House is the Residence of the American President.
The White House, the residence of the President, is the oldest public building in Washington and one of the most beautiful.
Lincoln – memorial with 36 columns A magnificent sculpture (6m.)of (the number of states Abraham Lincoln inside in Lincoln days) – in a park on the banks of the Potomac River. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the USA
Washington National Cathedral (St. Peter and St.Paul’s Church Cathedral) – was built in a gothic style. The first stone was laid by Th. Roosevelt (the 26th president) in 1907. Finally it was rebuilt in 1990.
At the entrance to New York Harbour you can see a great statue which is called the Statue of Liberty. It is 46 meters high excluding the pedestal. The Statue was designed by Bartholdy, a French sculptor, who worked ten years at it. In 1876 the statue was taken to pieces and shipped across the Atlantic as a gift from the French government to the USA for its democratic views. The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of New York. New York (New York) is the city of contrasts, financial and business centre of the USA. It was founded some three hundred years ago. It is situated in the mouth of the Hudson . Its nickname is “A big apple”, because everybody wants to bite it.
Head of the State is the President, who is elected every four years.
1. The Statue of Liberty is situated in: Florida New York Washington 2. Mount Rushmore is famous: because it is small because it is big for the sculpture of four American presidents 3. The United State`s flag is called … ‘the Union Jack’ ‘the Stars and Sights’ ‘the Stars and Stripes’
4. There are….. states in the United States of America. 19 23 50 5. The USA is washed by the…. in the west. Black Sea Japan Sea Pacific Ocean 6. About…. Million people live in the US. 300 250 180
7. The greatest river in the US is the….. Amazon River Mississippi Colorado 8. The capital of US is … . New York Washington Los Angeles 9. The first US President was … . Columbus Abraham Lincoln George Washington
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