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МКОУ СОШ с. Хумалаг Правобережного района Северная Осетия Алания Учитель английского языка Дзгоева Замира Абосовна
The territory of the United States is historically divided into eight regions: New England, the Mid-Atlantic region, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, the Rocky Mountain Region, the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, California and Hawaii The Pacific Northwest and Alaska California and Hawaii
Political System The first president of the USA «author of the Declaration of American Independence»
Three branches of Government: the legislative branch, the executive branch and the judicial branch Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the list: judicial, Supreme, Cabinet, executive, legislative, federalist The United States has a ______________ system. The ________branch is represented by Congress. The President is the head of the __________branch. The President’s________ is composed of the department heads. The ________ branch interprets the laws. The _________ Court is the most important body of the judicial branch. The Capitol The White House The Supreme Court building
Europe’s first explorers Hernando Cortes Jacques Cartier John Cabot Henry Hudson
English settlements -On 6 September 1620 the Saints decided to leave England. There were 120 passengers on board the ship. The ship was called “the Mayflower”. The Saints and other people on the ship called themselves the Pilgrims. On 9 November 1620 the Pilgrims landed in Cape Cod (east coast). Answer the questions: What was the ship called? When did the Saints decide to leave England? How did the Saints call themselves? Did the Pilgrims land on the east or the west coast?
The War for Independence The Boston Tea Party Choose the correct answer The Boston Tea Party is a) a party that the British king organised for his American friends b) a welcome party that the Bostonians organised for some important British politicians c) the night when the Bostonians threw boxes of tea in the water as protest against British taxes 2. The war of Independence was the war between a) the Americans and Indians b) the Americans and Great Britain c) the Americans and Great Britain in one side and France on the other side 3. The reason for the war was that a) the Americans wanted to get new territories b) the Americans didn’t want to pay taxes c) the black slaves in America wanted freedom 4. The Declaration of Independence is a) the document which made America a democratic country b) the document which made George Washington the President of the USA c) the document in which the USA declared their independence from Great Britain
The Nation is divided Southerners wanted slavery to be allowed in the new western lands. Northerners were against allowing slavery there. Many people hoped that a peaceful solution could be found to the differences between the North and the South. But in the end, the differences led to war.
-In February 1861 eleven Southern states formed their own union, which was called the Confederacy, but Abraham Lincoln wouldn’t let them split up the country. -And so the Civil War began. The North -the Union -against slavery -wanted to preserve the union -wouldn’t let the South split up the country -had more men and weapons -had to invade the South and their soldiers were getting tired The South - The Confederacy -for slavery -wanted to split up the country -wanted to protect their independence, their land and their homes -their men were better trained and fought with more spirit -their army wasn’t powerful
Complete the sentences with the following words: slavery, Abraham Lincoln, Southern, in February 1861, South, North, the Union, Gettysburg The American Civil War was the war between ………….. and…………. The ……………states had slaves. The war started in…………………and ended with the victory of………………… One of the most important battles took place near…………………….. The President at that time was …………………. He was from………………… As a result of the war, ………………………….was abolished.
Americans at war On Sunday morning, December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked on Pearl Harbour On August 6, 1945, an American bomber dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet in Yalta
Neil Armstrong on the Moon
Mount Rushmore in South Dakota A monument that celebrates the memory of some great people in American history, four presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt Why were they chosen from among America’s greatest presidents?
DO YOU KNOW? HOW MANY STATES….? THE SYMBOL IS… ? THE CAPITAL IS…? THE FLAG HAS…? THE BIGGEST CITIES ARE…? THE PRESIDENT IS…?
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