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CITY CENTRE Tatiana Ostapenko Sevastopol Polytechnic Lyceum
ROUTE: Stop 1 The Monument to Admiral Nakhimov; Stop 2 The Memorial to Heroic Defence of Sevastopol in 1941-1942; Stop 3 The Count’s Landing Stage; Stop 4 Primorsky Boulevard. The Monument to the Scuttled Ships.
STOP 1 Brief history of the city Nakhimov Square The Monument to Admiral Nakhimov
From the very beginning the city was constructed as the main base of the Black Sea Fleet. Sevastopol was founded in 1783 by the order of Catherine the Great.
Nakhimov Square is one of the most beautiful city squares and the oldest one . First it was named after the Russian Empress, Catherine the Great, but in 1898 the Monument to Admiral Nakhimov was erected here, and the square was renamed in memory of the outstanding Russian naval commander.
Pavel Nakhimov entered a naval college when he was 13 and since then all his life was devoted to the Russian Navy. He was famous for his personal courage and willpower. He had great authority and popularity among common people.
Pavel Nakhimov showed his talent as a naval commander in November 1853. The Russian squadron under his command defeated the main forces of the Turkish Fleet in the Sinop battle. People loved and believed him and were ready to fight under his command to the end. In June 1855 he was mortally wounded on one of Sevastopol bastions.
. The 1st monument to Admiral Nakhimov was set up in 1898 but in 30 years the Soviet authorities took down the monument. However in 1959 the new monument that we see now was unveiled. It is similar to the old one as much as possible.
. In Admiral’s hands you can see a naval broadsword and a telescope. On the front side of the monument there is a bronze banner, and below is the text of his order to attack the enemy. The total height of the monument is 12.5 m.
STOP 2 The Memorial to Heroic Defence of Sevastopol in 1941-1942
The memorial is devoted to the 2nd defence of the city during the World War II. 11th German army of General Manshtein attacked Sevastopol three times. Only after 250 days of the city defence the third German attack was successful.
Can you see three arrows on the memorial? They mean three German attacks, and two of them are repulsed by the symbolical defender of Sevastopol.
On the slabs on the right side of the memorial there are 54 names of the heroes of the Soviet Union – it was the highest state award. Below there are 19 memorial slabs with the names of all the units and formations, ships and organizations, which defended the city for 250 days.
On both sides of the memorial you can see the guards. Each half an hour they change between each other and each hour there is a complete change of the guards.
STOP 3 The Count’s Landing Stage The main bays of Sevast The Count’s Landing Stage The main bays of Sevastopol
The Count’s Landing Stage is one of the oldest constructions of Sevastopol. The small wooden landing stage was built in June 1783.
Sailors and citizens of Sevastopol gave such a name Grafskaya (Count’s) Landing Stage because Count Voinovitch, the second commander of Sevastopol squadron, used to take his boat at the landing stage.
This white colonnade was constructed in 1846. The date can be seen on its top. The staircase is decorated with 12 columns made of marble. The height of the colonnade is 6.5 m, the length – over 18 m.
From this place we can see three main bays of Sevastopol: the Big Sevastopol Bay, which goes from the Count’s Landing Stage to Inkerman. It is the largest bay – 8.5 kilometers long and 30 meters deep.
To your right there is the Southern Bay, which is 2,5 kilometers long. To your left the Northern Bay is situated.
STOP 4 Primorsky Boulevard The Monument to the Scuttled Ships
We are on Primorsky Boulevard or in English it is Seaside Boulevard. In the middle of the 19th century a large stone battery was constructed here and named Nikolas battery.
During the Crimean War the battery was destroyed, and only in 30 years after the war the remains of the battery were removed and the boulevard was laid out here.
The monument that became a symbol of our city in the XX century can be seen from the embankment. Just in front of us there is the Monument to the Scuttled ships. The Crimean War already began and it was decided to scuttle old sailing vessels here to block the sea entrance to the city.
The ships were scuttled in two lines. The first line of 7 vessels was scuttled between Alexander’s and Konstantin’s batteries. Later in February 1855 another 8 ships were scuttled just near the shore. The monument was erected just on the second line of the scuttled ships..
In 25 meters from the embankment on the artificial rock a column rises above the sea. There is a bronze double-headed eagle on the top of it with extended wings. In its beaks it has an anchor and a laurel wreath, which is a symbol of the naval glory. Its height is over 16 meters.
The monument was created in 1905 to the 50th anniversary of the first defence of Sevastopol. The creator of the monument was Estonian sculptor Adamson, academician of architecture.
. Thank you for your attention!