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OFFITIAL NAME : Commonwealth of Australia CAPITAL: Canberra TOTAL AREA: 7,700,000 sq.km POPULATION: 20 million people HEAD OF STATE: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor-General FORM OF GVERNMENT: Constitutional monarchy PORTS: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane NATIONAL HOLIDAY: Australian Day , 16 January (1788) MONEY: basic unit – Australian dollar NATIONAL SYMBOLS: Kangaroo and Emu
Australia is situated south of Asia, between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans. Australia is a continent, a country and an island at the same time. Australia is located in the southern hemisphere.
Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. He was sent to discover the huge land that many people believed was south of the equator. He landed south of present day Sydney in New South Wales. He claimed this part of the land for the King of England.
The Aborigines are the Australian natives that had been living there for thousands of years before the first Europeans came to Australia in the 1600s. bBoomerang
Australia's coat of arms – the official emblem of the Australian Government – was granted by George V in 1912. The arms consist of a shield containing the badges of the six states. The supporters are native Australian fauna – a kangaroo and an emu. A yellow-flowered native plant, wattle, also appears in the design. The flag of Australia is the only one to fly over a whole continent. The small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, the large seven-pointed star represents the six States and Territories, and the small stars from the Southern Cross – a prominent feature of the southern hemisphere night sky.
Canberra is the capital of Australia. It is very young city. Population is about 310,000 people. Capitol Hill Canberra Fountain
Capital of New South Wales. Leading industrial city. Population: 3,200,000 people. St. Maria Cathedral The Harbour Bridge Sydney Sydney AMP Tower Opera House
Capital of Victoria. The world’s most livable city. Population: 3.200.000 Train Station Melbourne Bridge Old House
Capital of Queensland. It is a year-round vocation place. Population is about 1,400,000 people. Brisbane Bridge Brisbane Skyscrapers Brisbane
Capital of South Australia. A pretty and industrial city. Population: 1,100,000 people. Victoria Square Fountain Gold Beach Adelaide
Capital of Western Australia. One of the best climates in Australia. Population: 1.200.000 people. King’s Park Perth Skyscrapers
Capital of island-state Tasmania. Winters are very cold. Population of about 200,000. Bay of Fires Coles Bay Remarkable Cave Lavender Farm
Warumbungle NP Crowdy Bay NP Crowdy Bay NP Cockatoo NP
It’s a large sandstone rock formation in the Northern teritory of central Austrawellas caves, pools elia. It’s 350 metres high and 8 kilometres around. There is almost no vegetation on the rock which is covered with rain grooves along its sides as well as caves, pools, etc. This rock is prt of the Ulruru-Kata Tjuta National Park.
It’s the world’s largest coral reef (over 2000 km). It stretches along the east coast of Queensland. It’s made up of over 2900 individual reefs very close to each other.
There are many different sports: surf, snorkelling, rugby, cricket are the most important.
Adustralian cuisine is a mixture of different countries: Fish and chips, vegemite on toast , meat pie or roast for example
Russell Crowe Actor Kylie Minogue Pop singer Ian Thorpe swimmer Nicole Kidman Actress Cate Blanchet Actress Les Murray Poet
Australians really love nature. They try to protect their nature and their animals.
The koala is a small marsupial that lives in Australia. Koalas are arboreal, they spend most of their time in eucalyptus trees. These nocturnal ( most active at night) animals spend 18 to 20 hours each day resting and sleeping; they spend much of the night eating. Koalas are not bears; their closest relative is the wombat. The soft , woolly fur is light gray to brown, and it has patches of white on the chest, neck and ears. –this fur protects them from cold weather and rain. Baby koalas ( called joeys ) live in their mother’s backwards-facing pouch for months. These herbivores eat mostly eucalyptus, chewing these tough leaves using their powerful jaws. They store unchewed food in cheek poches.
FESTIVALS AND TRADITIONS Christmas in Australia isn’t as in other Countries. It’s celebrated in summer. Santa Claus’ name is Swag Man Halloween isn’t celebrated as in other countries . It is called Mischief night and it is the night before Halloween ( 30 th. October) Most children in Australia celebrate it as a dance at their schools Anzac Day : Australian war Memorial Easter: “ The four day weekend From good Friday to Easter Monday It’s a mini holiday.. Instead of the bunny it’s a bilby, a typical australian animal
- What is the capital of Australia? a. Sydney b. Melbourne c. Canberra - Which city is the oldest and largest? a. Canberra b. Sydney c. Darwin - Which is a popular Australian animal? a. bear b. kangaroo c. fox - Who are the Australian natives? a. Eskimos b. Aborigines c. Indians - Who discovered Australia? a. Columbus b. Captain Cook c. Lewis and Clark - What is the official Language in Australia? a. English b. German c. Spain
Hobart Perth Adelaide Victoria Melbourne Sydney New South Wales South Australia Brisbane Tasmania Western Australia Queensland
Capital: … . Population: …people. Native Australians: … Principal towns: … Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane. World’s famous sights: … Head of State … Queen … represented by … Animals: …