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OFFITIAL NAME : Commonwealth of Australia CAPITAL: Canberra TOTAL AREA: 7,700,000 sq.km POPULATION: 20 million people HEAD OF STATE: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor-General FORM OF GVERNMENT: Constitutional monarchy PORTS: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane NATIONAL HOLIDAY: Australian Day , 16 January (1788) MONEY: basic unit – Australian dollar NATIONAL SYMBOLS: Kangaroo and Emu
Australia's coat of arms – the official emblem of the Australian Government – was granted by George V in 1912. The arms consist of a shield containing the badges of the six states. The supporters are native Australian fauna – a kangaroo and an emu. A yellow-flowered native plant, wattle, also appears in the design. The flag of Australia is the only one to fly over a whole continent. The small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, the large seven-pointed star represents the six States and Territories, and the small stars from the Southern Cross – a prominent feature of the southern hemisphere night sky.
It’s a large sandstone rock formation in the Northern teritory of central Austrawellas caves, pools elia. It’s 350 metres high and 8 kilometres around. There is almost no vegetation on the rock which is covered with rain grooves along its sides as well as caves, pools, etc. This rock is prt of the Ulruru-Kata Tjuta National Park.
The koala is a small marsupial that lives in Australia. Koalas are arboreal, they spend most of their time in eucalyptus trees. These nocturnal ( most active at night) animals spend 18 to 20 hours each day resting and sleeping; they spend much of the night eating. Koalas are not bears; their closest relative is the wombat. The soft , woolly fur is light gray to brown, and it has patches of white on the chest, neck and ears. –this fur protects them from cold weather and rain. Baby koalas ( called joeys ) live in their mother’s backwards-facing pouch for months. These herbivores eat mostly eucalyptus, chewing these tough leaves using their powerful jaws. They store unchewed food in cheek poches.
FESTIVALS AND TRADITIONS Christmas in Australia isn’t as in other Countries. It’s celebrated in summer. Santa Claus’ name is Swag Man Halloween isn’t celebrated as in other countries . It is called Mischief night and it is the night before Halloween ( 30 th. October) Most children in Australia celebrate it as a dance at their schools Anzac Day : Australian war Memorial Easter: “ The four day weekend From good Friday to Easter Monday It’s a mini holiday.. Instead of the bunny it’s a bilby, a typical australian animal
- What is the capital of Australia? a. Sydney b. Melbourne c. Canberra - Which city is the oldest and largest? a. Canberra b. Sydney c. Darwin - Which is a popular Australian animal? a. bear b. kangaroo c. fox - Who are the Australian natives? a. Eskimos b. Aborigines c. Indians - Who discovered Australia? a. Columbus b. Captain Cook c. Lewis and Clark - What is the official Language in Australia? a. English b. German c. Spain
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