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Maya - the ancient civilization of Central America , which had developed writing, art, architecture , mathematical and astronomical systems . Began to take shape in predklassicheskuyu era (2000 BC. E . - 250 BC. E . ) , Most of its cities reached its peak during the Classic Period (250 BC. E . - 900 BC. E . ) . Continued to exist until the arrival of the conquistadors .
Mayan city built of stone , many of which were abandoned long before the arrival of Europeans , others were inhabited and after . Calendar developed by Maya, was extremely accurate. It relates to the astronomical years even better modern Gregorian calendar . Used hieroglyphic writing system , now mostly read.
Not to mention the fact that Maya writing was decrypted Soviet historian and linguist Yuri Valentinovichem Knorozov . Survived numerous epigraphic inscriptions on stone monuments , ceramics , wood, stone and bone ornaments , cave inscriptions , frescoes, as well as texts on paper ( so-called Code). Maya created an effective system of agriculture, have profound knowledge in the field of astronomy .
Hispanic population of thDescendants of the ancient Maya are not only modern Maya peoples have preserved the language of their ancestors , but also part of the e southern states of Mexico , Guatemala, Honduras . Some Mayan city included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites : Palenque , Chichen Itza , Uxmal in Mexico, Tikal and Quirigua in Guatemala, Copan in Honduras, Joya de Ceren , El Salvador - a small village of Maya , which was buried under volcanic ash and now excavated
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