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MEET THE U.S.A.
American National Anthem O say does that star spangled banner yet wave O’er the land of the free, and the home of the brave?
The Beginning of the U.S.A. In 1776, English protestants separated from Britain and declared liberty and freedom and formed 13 original colonies
National Population 313,847,465 1) China: 1,343,239,923 2) India: 1,205,073,612 3) United States: 313,847,465
The Flag “Old Glory”, “The Stars and the Stripes” 50 stars: 50 states 13 stripes: 13 original colonies National colors: red, white, and blue
The American Bald Eagle is the national symbol of the country. It symbolizes each individual’s independence and strength. It was officially adopted in June 20, 1782.
Do you know how many presidents were in the USA?
President Barack Obama
New Year Times Square, New York City The ball drops at midnight.
Easter The date changes…from March 21st to April 25th Children with eggs from an egg hunt.
Independence Day/The Fourth of July July 4th
Labor Day September 1st This is the last holiday before school begins. Families often go to their cabins or lake houses (like a “datcha”). They have barbecues, go boating, swimming, play cards, and relax.
Halloween October 31st
Thanksgiving The last Thursday of November
Christmas December 25th Christmas Eve on Christmas 24th is also celebrated. This is a religious and non-religious family holiday for Christians and in American culture.
Mother’s Day The first Sunday in May
Father’s Day The first Sunday in June
St. Valentine’s Day February 14th
READING Pre-Reading Tasks I. Work in group. Write down three things that each of you thinks foreigners consider typical for the USA. Discuss whether the stereotypes are right or wrong. II. Think of each thing below and decide if it is lucky or unlucky in the USA. Opening an umbrella in the house … A black cat … Number 13 … A four-leaf clover … A horse-shoe … Walking under a ladder … Breaking a mirror … Crossing your fingers …
Reading Tasks I. Look at the heading and think what this text is about. You may start with: At first sight … I am sure … As for me, I think … In my opinion … II. Answer the questions. Do you think Americans differ from Europeans? Compare American and our nation and specify the common things and differences.
After-Reading Tasks I. Answer the questions. Did you have an opportunity to communicate with American people? Why do you think the Americans are proud of their country and themselves? What do you think of Americans? What are they like? What American features of character do you like? II. Think of some positive and negative qualities of European and American people. Fill in the chart. Europeans Americans Positive Negative Positive Negative
Listening Before listening to the text “Alaska” read the words and their definitions. Wilderness – wild uncultivated waste land; Inlet – strip of water extending into the land from a larger body of water (the sea, a lake) or between islands; Glaciers – mass of ice, formed by snow or mountains, moving slowly along a valley; Canyon – deep gorge (usually with a river flowing through it); Salmon – large fish, valued for food; Halibut – large, flat sea fish used as food; Barley – grass-like plant, seeds used for food and for making beer; Hardly crops – plants able to endure frost without being injured.
Listen to the text and finish the sentences. The name Alaska comes from ___________________________. Alaska is by far the largest_______________________________. Spreading across the northwest corner of North America, it is separated from Washington state ________________________--. The Pacific Coast Ranges reach into Alaska, where ____________. Alaska has almost all the active volcanoes in the United States, as well as ____________________________-__________________. Mount McKinley rises 20320 feet (6194 metres) above the sea level, _________________________________________________. Huge forests cover about _________________________________. The middle section has low, rolling hills and __________________. The southern coast is cut by hundreds of small bays and narrow steep-sided inlets, while thousands of glaciers________________. Wild animals include polar bears, grizzly bears, _______________. The world’s largest population of northern fur seals ___________. The climate and soil allow farmers to grow barley, ____________. Crops grow rapidly because the summer ____________________. At Point Barrow in the Arctic, from May 10 to August 2, the sun _______________________.
Grammar I. Review the rules of forming and using the Passive Voice and put the verbs in brackets in the Passive Voice. 1.Many things now considered American – or enjoyed by Americans –actually(to introduce) by immigrants, or created by them after they arrived. 2.There are almost 2 million Oriental Americans ( from Japan, China and Philippines), who (to concentrate) mainly in California. 3.America (to discover) by Christopher Columbus. 4.The region that is now the South-western United States (to colonize) by Spain in 1500s. 5.By the end of the 18th century, the whole of the Eastern coast of North America (to colonize), largely by the British. 6.The formal Declaration of Independence (to make) on 4 July1776. 7.Washington (to divide)into four quadrants; inconsequence street addresses (to repeat) 4 times. 8.Football (to play) by two teams of 11 players each. 9.Soap operas (to sponsor) by soap advertisers. 10.Harvard University (to name) for a Puritan minister, John Harvard, who left the college his books and half of his estate.
Grammar II. Use the appropriate article where necessary. 1. … Rio Grande flows on the border between … United States and … Mexico. 2…. Times Square is the central square in … New York City. 3….Fifth Avenue is the street which is famous for its expensive shops. 4….USA has never had an official language, but … English has always been … chief language spoken in … country. 5. …Spanish is … second most common language in … United States. 6.Other languages spoken include … Chinese, … Polish, … Korean, …Vietnamese, … Portuguese, …Japanese, … Greek, … Arabic, … Russian, …Ukrainian, …French. 7. …American War of … Independence lasted over six years. 8. To … west of … Great Plains is … Cordillera. 9. …Missouri is … longest river in …eastern part of … country. 10. … Natural Channels connect … Great lakes in … north of … USA.
Test 1.Who discovered America? A)vikings C) nobody knows B)Columbus D) Amerigo Vispuci 2.How many presidents were there in the USA? A)60 C) 44 B)39 D) 72 3)The USA is a … A)parliamentary republic B)republic C)parliamentary monarchy D)monarchy 4.The American continent was called “America” after … A)Christopher Columbus B)Amerigo Vispucci C)English protestants D)Viking Eric the Red 5. Five large lakes, called the Great Lakes are connected with… A)Rivers B)Lakes C)Canals D)Sea 6.The first colony in North America was founded in 1607 at Jamestown, Virginia, by… A)The Spanish B)The Europeans C)The British D)The French 7.In 1620 the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on the ship… A)Virginia B)Victoria C)James D)Mayflower 8.The Native Americans were… A)The British B)The Vikings C)The Indians D)The Spanish 9.There are 13 stripes on the American national flag. They mean … A)The first 13 colonies B)The main 13 rivers C)The first 13 American Presidents D)The first 13 states 10.Many immigrants came to America A)Looking for “American dream” B)Looking for a better life C)Trying to escape from police D)Looking for an easy life
Rock Rock has a large variety of styles, with famous artists from each decade. It’s the “all-American” music. Elvis Presley became famous for “rock and roll” in the 1950s.
Pop Popular music has many styles and has grown into other genres. The first famous pop star was Frank Sinatra.
Country Began in the countryside of the Southern U.S. in the 1920s Famous country artists: Johnny Cash, Loretta Lynn, Dolly Parton, Merle Haggard, Willie Nelson, Garth Brooks, Faith Hill, Taylor Swift
Blues From the “Deep South” of the U.S.—origins in African American work songs, ballads Famous blues artists: John Lee Hooker, Charles Brown, Nat “King” Cole, B.B King
Jazz Mix of African and European music Began in the Southern U.S. Many styles of jazz Famous jazz artists: Jelly Roll Morton, Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald
Reggae Developed in Jamaica in the 1960s and came over to the U.S. Famous reggae musicians: Bob Marley, Lee “Scratch” Perry, Beenie Man,
Welcome to theUSA