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Презентация. Вводный урок по литературе (8 класс)

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You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA. Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the library, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the library `Frob' (a library for tweaking knobs) written by James Random Hacker. signature of Ty Coon, 1 April 1990 Ty Coon, President of Vice That's all there is to it!

Выбранный для просмотра документ Выявление круга читательских интересов.docx


Ф.И. ученика______________________________________________________


1. Назовите произведения, которые вы прочитали летом, и их авторов.


2. Назовите произведение, которое больше запомнилось, объясните, почему.


3. Назовите писателя и его произведение, о котором вы готовы рассказать на уроках литературы.


4. Назовите героев прочитанных книг, заинтересовавших вас. Чем они интересны?


Выбранный для просмотра документ Фрагменты произведений.docx


В это время из-за высоты, находившейся в полверсте от крепости, показались новые конные толпы, и вскоре степь усеялась множеством людей, вооруженных копьями и сайдаками. Между ними на белом коне ехал человек в красном кафтане, с обнаженной саблею в руке: это был сам Пугачев. Он остановился; его окружили, и, как видно, по его повелению, четыре человека отделились и во весь опор подскакали под самую крепость. Мы в них узнали своих изменников. Один из них держал под шапкою лист бумаги; у другого на копье воткнута была голова Юлая, которую, стряхнув, перекинул он к нам чрез частокол. Голова бедного калмыка упала к ногам коменданта. Изменники кричали: «Не стреляйте; выходите вон к государю. Государь здесь!»

Хлестаков. Без чинов, прошу садиться.

Городничий и все садятся.

Я не люблю церемонии. Напротив, я даже всегда стараюсь проскользнуть незаметно. Но никак нельзя скрыться, никак нельзя! Только выйду куда-нибудь, уж и говорят: «Вон, говорят, Иван Александрович идет!» А один раз меня даже приняли за главнокомандующего: солдаты выскочили из гауптвахты и сделали ружьем. После уже офицер, который мне очень знаком, говорит мне: «Ну, братец, мы тебя совершенно приняли за главнокомандующего».

Анна Андреевна. Скажите как!

Хлестаков. С хорошенькими актрисами знаком. Я ведь тоже разные водевильчики… Литераторов часто вижу. С Пушкиным на дружеской ноге. Бывало, часто говорю ему: «Ну что, брат Пушкин?» — «Да так, брат, — отвечает, бывало, — так как-то все…» Большой оригинал.

Анна Андреевна. Так вы и пишете? Как это должно быть приятно сочинителю! Вы, верно, и в журналы помещаете?

Хлестаков. Да, и в журналы помещаю. Моих, впрочем, много есть сочинений: «Женитьба Фигаро»[9], «Роберт-Дьявол»[10], «Норма»[11]. Уж и названий даже не помню. И все случаем: я не хотел писать, но театральная дирекция говорит: «Пожалуйста, братец, напиши что-нибудь». Думаю себе: «Пожалуй, изволь братец!» И тут же в один вечер, кажется, все написал, всех изумил. У меня легкость необыкновенная в мыслях. Все это, что было под именем барона Брамбеуса[12], «Фрегат Надежды»[13] и «Московский телеграф»[14]… все это я написал.

Анна Андреевна. Скажите, так это вы были Брамбеус?

Хлестаков. Как же, я им всем поправляю статьи. Мне Смирдин[15] дает за это сорок тысяч.

Анна Андреевна. Так, верно, и «Юрий Милославский»[16] ваше сочинение?

Хлестаков. Да, это мое сочинение.

Анна Андреевна. Я сейчас догадалась.

Марья Антоновна. Ах, маменька, там написано, что это господина Загоскина сочинение.

Анна Андреевна. Ну вот: я и знала, что даже здесь будешь спорить.

Хлестаков. Ах да, это правда, это точно Загоскина; а вот есть другой «Юрий Милославский», так тот уж мой.

Анна Андреевна. Ну, это, верно, я ваш читала. Как хорошо написано!

Хлестаков. Я, признаюсь, литературой существую. У меня дом первый в Петербурге. Так уж и известен: дом Ивана Александровича. (Обращаясь ко всем.) Сделайте милость, господа, если будете в Петербурге, прошу, прошу ко мне. Я ведь тоже балы даю.

Бой безвестный, о котором
Речь сегодня поведем,
Был, прошел, забылся скоро...
Да и вспомнят ли о нем?

Бой в лесу, в кустах, в болоте,
Где война стелила путь,
Где вода была пехоте
По колено, грязь — по грудь;

Где брели бойцы понуро,
И, скользнув с бревна в ночи,
Артиллерия тонула,
Увязали тягачи.

Этот бой в болоте диком
На втором году войны
Не за город шел великий,
Что один у всей страны;

Не за гордую твердыню,
Что у матушки-реки,
А за некий, скажем ныне,
Населенный пункт Борки.

Он стоял за тем болотом
У конца лесной тропы,
В нем осталось ровным счетом
Обгорелых три трубы.

Там с открытых и закрытых
Огневых — кому забыть!—
Было бито, бито, бито,
И, казалось, что там бить?

Там в щебенку каждый камень,
В щепки каждое бревно.
Называлось там Борками
Место черное одно.

А в окружку — мох, болото,
Край от мира в стороне.
И подумать вдруг, что кто-то
Здесь родился, жил, работал,
Кто сегодня на войне.

Где ты, где ты, мальчик босый,
Деревенский пастушок,
Что по этим дымным росам,
Что по этим кочкам шел?

Бился ль ты в горах Кавказа
Или пал за Сталинград,
Мой земляк, ровесник, брат,
Верный долгу и приказу
Русский труженик-солдат.

В той живописной местности веселой Англии, которая орошается рекою Дон, в давние времена простирались обширные леса, покрывавшие большую часть красивейших холмов и долин, лежащих между Шеффилдом и Донкастером. Остатки этих огромных лесов и поныне видны вокруг дворянских замков Уэнтворт, Уорнклиф-парк и близ Ротерхема. По преданию, здесь некогда обитал сказочный уонтлейский дракон; здесь происходили ожесточенные битвы во время междоусобных войн Белой и Алой Розы; и здесь же в старину собирались ватаги тех отважных разбойников, подвиги и деяния которых прославлены в народных


Таково главное место действия нашей повести, по времени же - описываемые в ней события относятся к концу царствования Ричарда I, когда возвращение короля из долгого плена казалось желанным, но уже невозможным событием отчаявшимся подданным, которые подвергались бесконечным притеснениям знати. Феодалы, получившие непомерную власть в царствование Стефана, но вынужденные подчиняться королевской власти благоразумного Генриха II, теперь снова бесчинствовали, как в прежние времена; пренебрегая слабыми попытками английского государственного совета ограничить их произвол, они укрепляли свои замки, увеличивали число вассалов, принуждали к повиновению и вассальной зависимости всю округу; каждый феодал стремился собрать и возглавить такое войско, которое дало бы ему возможность стать влиятельным лицом в приближающихся государственных потрясениях.

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