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Название документа My Native Land.ppt
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“My Native Land.” N.B.Letova
Russian Federation Altai Krai The size of Russia is hard to imagine. In the south- east part there is the territory of the Altai Krai. Its center is Barnaul. In the south of the Altai Krai is the Altai district. The center of it is Altaisk. People call it “ The Triplicate Altai”
Our village Altaisk differs little from tens other quiet villages of the Southern Siberia. Everything here is simple and quiet. Altaisk stretches at seventeen kilometers with the population of twenty four thousand inhabitants. It is the centre of the Altai District.
Geographical Location. The Altai district is located in the south-eastern part of Altai region. The area of its territory is 3, 5 thousands square kilometers. It borders on Sovetsky district in the north-east; Maiminsky district of the Altai Republic in the east, Shelabolihinsky and the Ust-Kanskiy districts of Altai Republic in the north; the Soloneshensky district and town Belokurikha in the west; the Smolensky district in the north-east. Altai district stretches from the north to the south for 44, 74 miles (72 kilometers), and from the west to the east - 52, 20 miles (84 kilometers).
Landscape Altai district is situated among the steppes and foothill of Altai Mountains (the Anuisky Ridge, the Cherginsky Ridge and the Seminsky Ridge). Here we can find steppe, meadows, and grasslands. Large areas of the district are covered by woods of birch, aspen and pine trees.
The main river of Altai The largest rivers are the Katun River and the Peschannaya River. Besides Lake Aya there are more than 30 ponds. Katun is the largest river of Altai. The river’s name is connected with the Altai word “kadi`n" – " mistress”, “madam".
The center of Altai district is Altaisk. It stands on the river Kamenka. The river Kamenka has picturesque banks. It flows along the village Altaiskoe and in Shulginka it interflows with the Katun.
Beluha- Mountain “Beluha” is the highest top of Siberian Ranges. It is 4506 m above sea level. It is a majestic monument of nature – the "relic" of the Altai mountains.
“Birjuzovaya Katun` ” The tourist's complex «Birjuzovaya Katun` » is located on the left coast of the Katun. It is possible to reach here by the Chujsky Tract.
Altaisk countryside can boast by some landscapes, which fascinate our people and all visitors.
Climate. Climate is determined by the geographical position of the district. It is continental. The mountain range prevents the winds from the east and south. Winters are snowy, frosty and continuous. Summers are short, warm and sometimes dry and hot. The climate conditions are favorable practically to all kinds of agricultural crops, berries, vegetables and fruits.
Flora and fauna. Flora of the district is also diverse. Larch (лиственница), red fur (пихта), silver fur (ель), cedar (кедр), aspen (осина), birch-tree ( берёза), different kinds of shrub (кустарник), for example, maral bush; rich grass and flowers (bluebells, daisies, pansies) grow here.
Cedar can live for 400-500 even sometimes 800 years. Some trees have the height of (164, 04 feet) 50 meters. Some trees reach 20-30 meters and are more than 2-3 meters in diameter. Unique band pine forests stretch out hundreds of kilometers. They are especially rich in mushrooms and berries.
There is a great number of species: bear , elk, maral, wild board, roe, musk, lynx, fox, sables, badger, squirrel, falcon, crane, golden eagle, hasel-hen, larks, and others… wolf beaver duck hair wood-grouse
The wildlife is very rich. A bear is king of Altai forest. The elk is indeed the forest giant.
Agriculture and manufacturing Altaisk butter and cheese is highly appreciated everywhere. In 2007 Altaisk was made the largest head of cheese in the world- the record was fixed in the Guinness Book. Its weight was 700 kilograms (1 543, 24 pounds).
Agriculture Wheat and other crops are produced in big amounts. Bread, macaroni and cookies are made by the local industrial enterprises.
Vast gardens Vast gardens are part of the Altaisk landscape. The inhabitants of all neighbor districts and towns come here for gathering currant, strawberry, cowberry, cherry, plum and apples. Wheat, potato, cucumbers, pumpkin… These are just very few of what grows and is grown here. The sea-buck thorn is famous all over the world for its curative property. Different fruit and berry juices and vines are made by the local industrial enterprise. Many gardeners grow grape and pine-apples here. The village fully supplies itself with vegetables and fruits.
The Natural Aya Park In 2006 on the territory of the Altai district was founded The Natural Aya Park. Plants, animals and birds are protected here by the law. The aim of the National Park is reserving the unique nature of our place, enjoying the place. There is one of the most beautiful lakes of our region-Lake Aya. The famous Aya Lake is very picturesque. It is not large (300 for 400 meters), but it is known for its transparent blue cold water. There is built a European style hotel.
Welcome to Altai and you will see its fantastic nature yourself! S.A. Meier, the first artist who visited Altai in 1842 said: ”…where are the words, where are the paints to communicate this beauty?!...That was music of the nature!..”
« Трудно понять, но как где скажут «Алтай», так вздрогнешь, сердце лизнет до боли мгновенное горячее чувство…» В.М.Шукшин. “It’s so hard to explain…but whenever you hear the word “Altai” the heart is touched to pain by the momentary warm feeling… V.Shoukshin.
Краткое описание документа:
Our villageAltaisk differs little from tens other quiet villages of the Southern Siberia.Everything here is simple and quiet. Altaisk stretches atseventeen kilometers with the population of twenty four thousand inhabitants. It is the centre of the Altai District.§ The Altai district is located in the south-eastern part of Altai region. The area of its territory is 3, 5 thousands square kilometers. It borders on Sovetsky district in the north-east; Maiminsky district of the Altai Republic in the east, Shelabolihinsky and the Ust-Kanskiy districts of Altai Republic in the north; the Soloneshensky district and town Belokurikha in the west; the Smolensky district in the north-east. Altai district stretches from the north to the south for 44, 74 miles (72 kilometers), and from the west to the east - 52, 20 miles (84 kilometers).
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