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Ознакомление с достопримечательностью Лондона Англия - страна парадоксов, и поэтому страна таинственная. Кто же они - сегодняшние жители Альбиона? Это и обитатели Шотландии и Уэльса, Северной Ирландии и центральной части страны, то есть собственно Англии, и у всех у них свои обычаи, традиции. К примеру, что касается англичан, они не только различные, но и их характер противоречив. Англичане, убежден Карел Чапек, "по-пуритански серьезны и по - детски веселы. У них много терпимости и необычайно много предрассудков.... "
Поурочный план Образовательная задача: ознакомление с достопримечательностями Лондона, развитие лексических навыков и активизирование лексики. Воспитательная задача: воспитывать любовь и уважение к культуре, обычаем и традициями других народов. Развивающая задача: научить учащихся делать сообщение и вести беседу по теме «Достопримечательности Лондона».
Westminster Слово "Вестминстер" - означает "собор на западе". В трех милях к западу старого города было построено Вестминстерское аббатство - самая знаменитая церковь Альбиона. Здесь короновались английские монархи, начиная с Вильгельма Завоевателя в 11 столетии и кончая нынешней королевой Елизаветой II. Во время коронации аббатство вмещает 8 тысяч человек. Здесь похоронено 27 английских королей и королев. Рядом с королями в Вестминстерском аббатстве нашли покой многие знаменитые люди страны - писатели Чарльз Диккенс, Редьярд Киплинг, Томас Харди, композитор Гендель. Здесь лежат Исаак Ньютон и Чарльз Дарвин. Вестминстерское аббатство - действующий храм, и каждый вечер в 17 часов там начинаются молебны с песнопениями.
Westminster Abbey is a national shrine where the kings and queens are crowned and famous people are buried. Founded by Edward the confessor in 1050, the Abbey was a monastery for a long time. Almost every English monarch has been crowned in this great church, which contains tye tombs and memorials of many of Britain’s most eminent citizens. One of the greatest treasures of the Abbey’s the oaken Coronation Chair made in 1300.
Tower Лондонский тауэр - самый знаменитый замок и крепость во всем мире. Сегодня Тауэр стал символом и музеем Англии. В тауэре находится королевская сокровищница, где хранятся все королевские регалии - короны, державы и скипетры, все, что связано с обрядом коронации.
The Tower of London was one of the first and most impressive castles after the Norman invasion of England in 1066. The Tower has been used as a royal palace, an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison, and many famous and infamous people have been executed within its walls. It is a museum now. For many visitors the principal attraction is the Crown Jewels, the finest precious stones of the nation. A fine collection of armour is exhibited in the Keep.
Houses of Parliament Парламент... Англичанину с детства внушают, что он - вершина, на которую поднимаются лишь лучшие, символ британского демократизма, да и вообще символ страны и каждого отдельно взятого гражданина. "Парламент может все, что захочет, он бессилен лишь превратить мужчину в женщину".
From the centre of Westminster Bridge, one can have a splendid view of the Houses of Parliament. This structure is a remarkable example of Gothic architecture. The clock Tower, which contains the hour-bell called “Big Ben”, is known the world over. Royal Palaces and houses were built along the banks of the Tames in medieval days. The Houses of Parliament, called officially the Palace of Westminster, were formerly a palace for kings and queens.
The palace was used both as a royal residence and also as a parliament house until the sixteenth century. In the course of the sixteenth century when the royal family moved to the new palace within half a mile of Westminster – Whitehall Palace, the Westminster Palace was occupied by the Parliament and became its parliament’s home.
Read the vocabulary. 1. Look at the vocabulary, read the words and repeat them. English French Admiral Nelson, England European Big Ben. Trafalgar Square, Piccadilly Circus, St.Paul’s Cathedral, The Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge, The Raven Master, The National Gallery, Westminster Abbey, St.James’s Park, Changing the Guard.
2. Remember some polite expressions to ask the way. Where is the nearest …, please? Where can I buy … ? Could you tell me the way to …? Is this the right way to? Can you tell me how to get to … ? Can you tell me where … is ? What is the best way to… ? Can you tell me where … is? Is there … near here? Can you show me the way to … ?
Some facts about London. London is really three cities: the City of London, the City of Westminster, the City of Southwarf. London has got a population of about 8 million people. That’s 13% of British population. It was once the world’s greatest port. But it is a financial and tourist centre. London stands on the river Thames. There are 27 bridges over the Thames in London and 8 tunnels under the river. London is 46 km. from North to South and 58 km. from East to West. Perhaps it is most famous as the home of the British monarchy. However, the city has seen not only royalty and glamour … In 1348, the Black Death killed half its population. In 1666, the Great Fire destroyed nearly all the old city. During the war, bombs destroyed the docklands. Since then, they have been re-built as smart residential areas. And we can agree with Dr Johnson’s words “ When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life.”
Answer the questions! Where does London stand? What is the population of London? How many parts does London consist of? When was the Great Fire in London? When was London re-built? What can you tell about the cultural life of people in London?
Places of interest in London. The Buckingham Palace Westminster The Tower of London Tower Bridge Madame Tussaud’s Museum Getting around London
The Buckingham Palace The Buckingham Palace is the center of the Royal power. It was built in 1703 by the Duke of Buckingham. King George III bought in 1761. It is now the official home of Queen Elizabeth and the British Royal Family. There are nearly 6 hundred rooms in the Palace and three miles of red carpet. Buckingham Palace is like a small town, with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, a bar, two sport clubs, a disco, a cinema, and a swimming pool. Two men work full-time to look after the 300 clocks. About 700 people work for the Palace.
Westminster The two Houses of Parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, are in the Palace of Westminster. It was built between 1840-1860. It was designed in the Gothic style by the architect Sir Charles Barry. The original Palace of Westminster was a home for the Royal Family until the 16th century. Then it became the meeting place for the Parliament. There was a terrible fire in 1834 and most of the original Palace was burnt. Westminster Abbey was a Norman church of the Benedictine monks in Westminster. The present building in the English Gothic style was started in 1245 by King Henry III. Westminster Abbey is a very important church. Nearly all the English Kings and Queens since William I (1027-1087) were crowned in Westminster Abbey. In 1952, Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in the Abbey.`
The Tower of London The Tower of London, which is one of London’s oldest buildings, used to be a prison.The execution block, where the prisoners were beheaded, can still be seen on the lawn in front of the Tower. The Tower of London was begun by William the Conqueror as a fortress and palace. Later kings made it larger and stronger, and kept soldiers, armour, weapons, treasure, and sometimes important prisoners there. It was not until 1850 that the Tower became a tourist attraction. At the center of the Tower of London there is the White Tower (1078). This tower is nearly 30 metres high. The walls are very strong. At the bottom of the tower, the walls are nearly 5 metres thick. Soon it became a tradition that there should always be lions at the Tower, for heraldic lions appeared in the Royal arms of England. The Tower of London has a terrible history. It was a fortress, a royal house, a church, a prison, an arsenal and a mint. For many famous people the Tower was a prison. Today the Tower carries on with its own life. It is home for about one hundred and fifty people, including the Tower officers, the Yeomen of the Guard and their families. In fact the Tower is rather like a traditional English village
Answer the questions! When was the Tower founded? How old is it? What is the biggest building in the Tower? What is the Tower famous for? What do you know about the Tower as a prison? Who are Beefeaters? What other places of interest in London do you know? What do you know about the history of these attractions? Can you describe their location?
Tower Bridge Tower Bridge, which is just a few minutes away from the Tower of London, is London’s most famous bridge. The Bridge, which many tourists mistakenly call London Bridge,is the last bridge crossing the Thames before the river reaches the sea. The bridge, which takes just three minutes to raise, opens so that large ships can enter the Pool of London.
Madame Tussaud’s Museum The London’s top visitor’s attraction is Madame Tussaud’s Museum. This wax exhibition was first opened in England in 1802. The exhibition’s founder Madame Tussaud started it with a collection of death masks. She came to England from France after the French Revolution. These wax masks formed the original Chamber of Horrors at Madame Tussaud’s. They were taken from the decapitated heads of people who were guillotined during the Revolution. Today the Chamber of Horrors is still a very popular part of the exhibition. You can see the figures of many murdered there. One exhibit shows the terrifying scene of a murder committed by the famous “ Jack the Ripper “ His identity was never discovered by the police.
Getting around London The best way to get around London is to go by double-decker bus. To find your way around you can get a map, free from underground or bus stations. You can also get special tickets which allow you to travel free both by underground and bus for a day. If you haven’t got one of these tickets, you have to tell the driver when you get on the bus where you want to go. This is the price of the ticket depends on the distance you travel. It is also a good idea when you get on the bus, to ask someone to tell you when to get off! The best place to sit is on the top deck of the bus. Then you can see over walls and bridges and get a fantastic view of the city.
Answer the questions! Where can you get bus maps of London? How much do they cost? Do all tickets cost the same? Where is the best place to sit? Why?
3.Read the dialogues and learn one by heart. 1 A:Excuse me. How do I get to Trafalgar Square, please? B:Take the bus number 36. A:Where’s the nearest bus stop? B:It’s down here on the right. A:Thank you. 2 A:Excuse me. How can I get to the British Museum, please? B:Take the underground. A:Where’s the nearest station. B:Go straight on the traffic lights then turn left and take the first turning to the right. A:Thank you.
3 A:Excuse me. What is the way to the London Dungeon Museum? B:It’s in Tooley Street. Go down High Street as far as Tooley Street. The Museum will be on your right. A:Is it very far? B:It will take you ten minutes or a quarter of an hour. A:Is there a bus? B:I don’t know. There’s a policeman over there. Go and ask him. He will give you all the information you want. 4 A:How did you get here? B:I came by bus. A:And the others? B:Sam and James came by car. A:And what about Paul? B:He missed the bus, so he had to take a taxi.
4.Sort the following words into the groups. (Theatre,school, golf-course, bus service, library, tennis courts, homeless, rush hours, college, pollution, evening classes, traffic jam, slums, university, swimming pool, radio centre, overcrowding, TV tower, sport club, opera house, car hire agency, parking meter, pickpocketing, exhaust fumes, museums, concert, car park.)
5.Complete the chart with opposities. (noisy, dirty and polluted, boring, relaxing, crowded, lots to do, many attractions, safe, busy nightlife)
6.Fill the gaps with the correct word. 1. Our train leaves from the … . 2. I waited at the … for ten minutes, and then two buses arrived. 3. I couldn’t get on the first bus because it was … . 4. The train was half an hour late. I think the reason for the late … was bad weather. 5. Buses are not very … . Sometimes they come every five minutes, then other time you have to wait for forty minutes. 6. When I got to the bus stop there was a long … of people. 7. The flight was fine but we had a terrible … from the airport to our hotel. 8. I think the next train is … to arrive in about ten minutes. full up bus stop punctual arrival platform due journey queue
7.Suggest three or more words which would collocate well with each of the nouns below.
Keys Vocabulary Exercises
1. platform; 2. bus stop; 3. full up; 4. arrival; 5. punctual; 6. queue; 7. journey; 8. due.
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Представляю презентацию по теме Лондон, составляли совместно с учениками для проведения открытого урока. Материал использовался и на открытых уроках. Содержит поурочный план и информацию о достопримечательностях Лондона, небольшой словарь, вопросы к тексту, диалоги для выучивания наизусть, темы для обсуждения.
Образовательной задачей урока является: ознакомление с достопримечательностями Лондона, развитие лексических навыков и активизирование лексики.
Воспитательной задаяей является воспитывать любовь и уважение к культуре, обычаям и традициям других народов.
Развивающая задача: научить учащихся делать сообщение и вести беседу по теме: "Достопримечательности Лондона".
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