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The history of Halloween One story says that, on that day, the disembodied spirits would come back in search of living body. Possessing the bodies was believed to be their only hope for the afterlife.
So on the night of October 31, still-living would make their houses cold and undesirable. People would dress up in all manner of ghoulish costumes , and noisily parade around the neighborhood, in order to frighten away spirits looking for bodies to possess.
Halloween Superstitions To prevent ghosts coming into the house at Halloween, bury animal bones or a picture of an animal near the doorway. You should walk around your home three times backwards and counterclockwise before sunset on Halloween to ward off evil spirits. Knocking on wood keeps bad luck away. If you do not want to be haunting a graveyard any time soon, be sure you do not look at your shadow in the moonlight. Doing so on All Hallows Eve will guarantee your death within a short span of time. If you ring a bell on Halloween, it will scare evil spirits away.
If a candle flame suddenly turns blue, there’s a ghost nearby It's dangerous to sleep when thirsty, for the soul will leave the body in search of water. If the body is wakened too quickly, the soul may not have time to get back and the body will die. If you hear foot steps behind you on this night, don't look back. It may be the dead following you. Turning back could mean that you will soon join the dead. Be sure to turn your pockets inside out when you pass a graveyard or a house someone has died in or you may bring home a ghost.
Symbols The imagery of Halloween is derived from many sources, including national customs, works of Gothic and horror literature (such as the novels Frankenstein and Dracula), and classic horror films (such as Frankenstein and The Mummy). Among the earliest works on the subject of Halloween is from Scottish poet John Mayne in 1780, who made note of pranks at Halloween; "What fearfu' pranks ensue!", as well as the supernatural associated with the night, "Bogies" (ghosts), influencing Robert Burns' Halloween 1785. Elements of the autumn season, such as pumpkins, corn husks, and scarecrows, are also prevalent. Houses are often decorated with these types of symbols around Halloween. Halloween imagery includes themes of death, evil, the occult or mythical monsters. Black and orange are the holiday's traditional colors. Symbols, games and food of Halloween
Games One common game is dunking or apple bobbing, which may be called "dooking" in Scotland in which apples float in a tub or a large basin of water and the participants must use their teeth to remove an apple from the basin. Another common game involves hanging up treacle or syrup-coated scones by strings; these must be eaten without using hands while they remain attached to the string, an activity that inevitably leads to a very sticky face. Some games traditionally played at Halloween are forms of divination.
Food Because the holiday comes in the wake of the annual apple harvest, candy apples (known as toffee apples outside North America), caramel or taffy apples are common Halloween treats made by rolling whole apples in a sticky sugar syrup, sometimes followed by rolling them in nuts and other goodies. The custom that persists in modern-day Ireland is the baking (or more often nowadays, the purchase) of a barmbrack (Irish: báirín breac), which is a light fruitcake, into which a plain ring, a coin and other charms are placed before baking. It is said that those who get a ring will find their true love in the ensuing year. This is similar to the tradition of king cake at the festival of Epiphany.
Carnival costumes are the main part of any themed celebration. Costumes are essential for Halloween, this holiday can not do without the appropriate elements and attributes. That’s why, on the eve of Halloween, shops which are full of fancy dresses are experiencing a real boom. Everyone wants to stand out at the festive party. There is no special dress-code on Halloween night you can be anyone. It doesn’t matter whether you’re evil or saint, fairy-tale princess or cartoon monster.
Costumes witch ghost vampire
Interesting facts about Halloween. The word “witch” comes from the Old English wicce, meaning “wise woman.” In fact , wiccan were highly respected people at one time. According to popular belief, witches held one of their two main meetings, or sabbats, on Halloween night. The ancient Celts thought that spirits and ghosts roamed the countryside on Halloween night. They began wearing masks and costumes to avoid being recognized as human. Black cats were once believed to be witch's familiars who protected their powers. If you see a spider on Halloween, it could be the spirit of a dead loved one who is watching you. The owl is a popular Halloween image. In Medieval Europe, owls were thought to be witches, and to hear an owl's call meant someone was about to die Ireland is typically believed to be the birthplace of Halloween
According to tradition, if a person wears his or her clothes inside out and then walks backwards on Halloween, he or she will see a witch at midnight. Samhainophobia is the fear of Halloween. There were an estimated 41 million potential trick-or-treaters (children 5 to 14) in the United States in 2010.
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На всем курсе английского языка, начиная с начальной школы и заканчивая старшими классами, огромное внимание уделяется изучению культуры, традициям изучаемого языка. И важную роль играют праздники. Одним из самы любимых праздников детей является Halloween. В данной презентации вы можете найти и предысторию праздника, и традиции, связанные с этим праздником, и костюмы, которые принято одевать в этот день. Так же презентацию можно использовать и на самом празднике, организованном в классе, и на уроке по теме "Английские праздники" в 5-6 классах. Можно внести что-то свое в эту презентацию, что вам ближе и интересно.
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