Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Present Perfect ключевые слова Present Simple every day (minute, hour, week, year, decade, …), usually, always, sometimes, often, not often, rarely, seldom,, from time to time, now and again. Present Continuous now, at the moment, Look! , Listen! Present Perfect already, ever, never , just, yet, recently, lately, by now, since, for, ….
Перепишите предложения, употребляя нужное наречие из поданых в скобках. Пример: Have ever you been to Paris? 2 Look, your brother has come in. (usually/just) 3 I have tried to read War and Peace but I always stop because it's difficult. (usually/often) 4 We have visited the Czech Republic. What's it like? (sometimes/never) 5 Peter has given me his homework on time . (sometimes/never) 6 Have you been to the cinema with Tom? (ever/ just) 7 I haven't used that computer so I don't know what to do. (never/ever) 8 They have done the homework. Here it is. (already/yet) 9 They haven't done the homework. It's for next week. (already/yet) 10 I've worked here ten years, (since/for) 11 I've worked here 2000. (since/for) 12 I've worked here. (all my life/since)
Переделайте предложения,те которые возможно, из действительного в страдательный залог: 1 Her mother drives her to school every day. ...She is driven to school by her mother every day.... 2 Paul drives to work every day. 3 I woke up late on Sunday morning. 4 Her mother woke her up at seven o'clock. 5 Sue asked the waiter to bring some water. 6 David asked for some help. 7 Simon is moving house next month. 8 Michael moved the boxes out of the way. 9 Sandra walks on the beach regularly. 10 The boys walk the dog every day.
Ответы к упражнению: 1. Have ever you been to Paris? 2 Look, your brother has just come in. 3 I have often tried to read War and Peace but I always stop because it's difficult. 4 We have never visited the Czech Republic. What's it like? 5 Peter has never given me his homework on time. 6 Have you ever been to the cinema with Tom? 7 I haven't ever used that computer so I don't know what to do. 8 They have already done the homework. Here it is. (already/yet) 9 They haven't done the homework yet. It's for next week. 10 I've worked here for ten years. 11 I've worked since here 2000. 12 I've worked here all my life.
Загадочное название времени глагола Present Perfect (прошедшее в настоящем) заставляет уделить ему особое внимание. О времени, не имеющем аналогов в русском языке.
Времена глаголов в английском значительно отличаются от аналогов в русском. Время Present Perfect как раз это подтверждает. Оно охватывает события, совершенные в прошлом, но имеющие место в настоящем. Согласитесь, очень интересно! Время Present Perfect образуется с помощью вспомогательного глагола have/has и основного глагола в 3-й форме (причастия прошедшего времени).