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Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline. He was also the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's The Divine Comedy and was one of the five Fireside Poets.
Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine, which was then a part of Massachusetts. He studied at Bowdoin College. After spending time in Europe he became a professor at Bowdoin and, later, at Harvard College. Bowdoin College Portland, Maine Harvard College
His first major poetry collections were Voices of the Night (1839) and Ballads and Other Poems (1841). Longfellow retired from teaching in 1854 to focus on his writing, living the remainder of his life in Cambridgу, Massachusetts, in a former headquarters of George Washington.
His first wife Mary Potter died in 1835 after a miscarriage. His second wife Frances Appleton died in 1861 after sustaining burns when her dress caught fire. After her death, Longfellow had difficulty writing poetry for a time and focused on his translation. He died in 1882.
Longfellow wrote predominantly lyric poems, known for their musicality and often presenting stories of mythology and legend. He became the most popular American poet of his day and also had success overseas. He has been criticized, however, for imitating European styles and writing specifically for the masses.
Though much of his work is categorized as lyric poetry, Longfellow experimented with many forms, including hexameter and free verse. His published poetry shows great versatility, using anapestic and trochaic forms, blank verse, heroic couplets, ballads and sonnets. Typically, Longfellow would carefully consider the subject of his poetic ideas for a long time before deciding on the right metrical form for it. Much of his work is recognized for its melody-like musicality.[As he says, "what a writer asks of his reader is not so much to like as to listen".
In 1874, Longfellow oversaw a 31-volume anthology called Poems of Places, which collected poems representing several geographical locations, including European, Asian, and Arabian countries. Emerson was disappointed and reportedly told Longfellow: "The world is expecting better things of you than this... You are wasting time that should be bestowed upon original production". In preparing the volume, Longfellow hired Katherine Sherwood Bonner as an amanuensis.
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Данную презентацию можно использовать на уроке английского языка при изучении творчества американского писателя Генри Лонгфелло.Ге́нри Уо́дсворт Лонгфе́лло (англ. HenryWadsworthLongfellow; 27 февраля 1807 года, Портленд (Мэн) — 24 марта 1882 года, Кембридж (Массачусетс)) — американский поэт. Автор «Песни о Гайавате» и других поэм и стихотворений.
Переводы на русский язык[править | править вики-текст]
· М. Л. Михайлов, «Песни о неграх» («Современник», 1861, т. 86);
· Д. Л. Михаловский («Вестник Европы» 1879, X; сборник «Иностранные поэты», СПб., 1876);
· Ю. Иванов («Вестник Европы», 1870, X),
· О. Михайлова (ib., 1889, XII);
· Вл. Орлов (ib., 1882, VIII);
· П. И. Вейнберг («Отечественные записки», 1869, № 5, 1875, № 5-6)
· Часть этих переводов вошла в сборн. Н. В. Гербеля «Английские поэты» (СПб. 1877) и в «Хрестоматию» Филонова.
· И. А. Бунин (первая публикация 1896)
· Генри Лонгфелло. Обломки мачт: Стихи/ Пер. и предисл. Р. Дубровкина. М.-СПб.: Летний сад, 2002. (билингва)