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Place-names of the Astrakhan region as a source of knowledge about my province. The authors :Markova Kira, a student of the 7th form. Secondary school № 27 Astrakhan. Molba Ekaterina Georgievna, an English teacher.
It is impossible to imagine a modern society without geographical names. They are everywhere and always accompany our thinking from an early age. Everything on the earth has its own address and the address starts from the birth. Native village, the street where a person lives, city and country all have their names. A well-known expert in the field of toponymy EM Murzaev
Place-name - the name of their own individual geographical objects (settlements, rivers, land, etc.) "Toponymy" topos onoma (place, country) (name)
The classification of names Toponimy are geographical names related to national-displaced people Place-names, data in accordance with the features of the terrain Place-names are the names of pioneers, historical figures. Place-names are the names of parishes. Place-names are the names of the names or surnames of the landowners, in whose possession was to this village (village). Place-names associated with fisheries. Gidrotoponimy.
The village Baskunchak Озеро Баскунчак An attempt is made to explain the name Baskunchak. Of course, it is the name of the lake, which is near. The word "Baskunchak" is apparently of Turkic origin. The Kazakh language, the word "bass" 'head, "kunak" - guest, that is, "the chief guest." The translation of the word in the Russian language and other possible interpretation of, since the word "bass" in the Kazakh language is set to "Source".
Grushevo Zhan Aul Zam’yanu Harabaly Bahtiyar Ahtubinsk from the Kazakh word "crash" - "island" Kazakh name because the general population – Kazakhs Tatar Zamyanka rich Kalmyk Harbal in honor of the first Turkmen family (Bach (father) + Temur (son)) Akhtuba River: from the Tatar "aktyu-b-e" is "white"
Thus, the names of many villages of the Astrakhan region are of Turkic origin. If we trace the history of the formation of the Astrakhan region, it is possible to establish that the Russian population began to settle here until the middle of the 16th century, the indigenous population of the same Astrakhan are Tatars. Naturally, in the names of villages of Astrakhan region this page history of our area is reflected.
Kamennii Yar The village is situated on the mountain. Mostly this mountain is made of stone, especially the right bank, this place perished many boatmen, hauling a barge on the Volga. Here they had to climb a steep mountain stone, many were broken and fell, died. Krasnii Yar The village gets its name from the red clay bedding, which stood out against the background of a blue-green reeds, Chuck forests. Tuzukley «Tuzis salty, «ukley»-is ground, it means «salty ground». The citizens claim, that the land is really salty. Many camps, the fugitive people, located near the mounds. Tishkov hill, Sizyi hill, lighthouse hill. And if Sizyi hill as the name of the village has survived to the present day, it is now on the map we find only Tishkovo, Blinov, lighthouse, Vasiliev. The first name Zelenga - Green hill. Then - Green. But Ukrainians arrived called this area Green meadow, which now remained below the village. Further education of the village is obvious.
Andrey Rublev. «The trinity» The Apostle Paul «Assumption» A number of villages were named according to the name of the church, located in the village, or on any religious holidays. So, the village Trinity in Ikryaninskiy region of Astrakhan region is named after the patron saint's day of the Trinity. Villagers Petropavlivka of Narimanov district claim that the name of the village is derived from the names of the Apostles Peter and Paul. On church feast holidays named village Vladimirovka, Pokrovka, Uspenka, Mykolaivka, St. Nicholas (Nicholas Komarovka)
The village Multanovo The village Baranivka village Travino village Ilyinka The village Ekaterinovka Yenotayevsky District The village Tyurin Village Ivano - Mykolaivka and Fedorivka Yenotayevsky district rich Multan lady Baranova two landowners who owned land: Patterns and Travin cruel and despotic master Ilya landowner Catherine landowner Tyurin, who lived in the village of Kudrin, and the land to lease Kazakh-pastoralists sons of the landlord, who shared the village between his three sons and gave them the name
In the XIV century the fishing industry was the leading sector of the economy of the region. In this regard, you can select an entire group of names associated with fishing.
Tishkovo. After the defeat of the uprising led by Stepan Razin fled here a Don Cossack Tishka, whose main occupation was fishing. Kharabali. From the river Harabalyk. "Hara" -many, "salmon" - fish, ie a lot of fish. Ninovka Village. The village is named after the daughter of fishing producer Sapozhnikov, who owned the fishery. Khmelevka. The village is named after the one working - fisherman who worked for fishing producer for hire. Kirov. The village is named existing in the area of Fisheries them. SM Kirov.
Gidrotoponimy are the names of seas, rivers, lakes, estuaries, eriks, ducts. nick "moisture" "Vologa" "volgly" - "Water, aqueous“ Mari nominal volgydo is "white light" ?
The Caspian Sea The title of the Caspian sea met in the works of Although later ih had the name: Girianskoe, Khazar, Khvalynskoe (in Russian to the XVII century), Ak Deniz Abeskunskoe, Sarai, Shihan, Derbent, and others. The Persians called it the Douro and Shizir, turkmeny- Kokkyuz. Herodotus Aristotle Claudius Ptolemy
Caspian Sea had 70 titles. Its present name in honor of the Sea received the ancient tribes of the Caspian (breeders), who lived in the I century BC in the north-west coast.
It is believed that the name of the town retained the name of the tribe Torquay, "AC" on their yazyke- lowland near the water, "kan" - parking, means "as- tork- kan" - Torquay parking at the bottom, near the water. According to another explanation, in the name of the town has left its mark tribe aces in the Golden Horde time they allegedly received from khans "Tarhan" - privileges free, duty-free tinkering and trade. In medieval writing documents found with a different spelling of the city: "Ashtarakan", "Zitryhan."
At the beginning of the XIV th century Florentine merchant Francesco Pegalotti arrived on business in the Golden Horde capital Sarai-Batu. In his travel notes, he wrote, and a visit to a small town in the Lower Volga - Gintarhani. So he heard the name. Other travelers called this city Tsitrahan, Hamztorokan, Haji Tarkhan, Astarhan, Ass- Tarajal.
There is a children's environment history of the city name. Хан Daughter Astra Astra - the name of his daughter, Han-Khan's daughter
Reading the place names of the Astrakhan region, unwittingly notice that in them lies the story of my small homeland. Yes, of course it's not all the names of geographical objects in our area.
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Данная презентация была выполнена ученицей 7 класса совместно со мной. В ней можно проследить как возникли названия населенных пунктов в нашей области. Работая над данным проектом, было интересно открывать для себя новое в истории нашего региона, а ёщё больше было интересно переводить все это на английский язык. Работая по новым государственным образовательным стандартам, обязательно необходимо для учителя-предметника ведение внеклассной работы. По отдельно каждому классу состваляется планирование. Данная презентация может быть использована во внеклассной работе по английскому языку в рамках раздела "Регионоведение". Наш регион является одним из многих, где проживает более 100 национальностей и народов России. в ходе исследования было обнаружено, что многие названия населенных пунктов связаны с именами людей различных национальностей.
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