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Charles Dickens ( 1812 – 1870) One of the best known and best loved of all English novelists. Work by Svechkaryova L. V. Turilovskaya School Rostov Region
He was born on the 7th of February, 1812, in Portsmouth.
Just before his 17th birthday, he became a reporter for the newspapers in the House of Commons. He read every book he could find and spent long hours in the Reading Room of the British Museum. Charles as reporter
His pen name - Boz In 1883 Dickens had a number of papers published under the title Sketches by Boz. They were very warmly received. They are excellent accounts of the London of his time.
The Pickwick Club The publishing house Chapman and Hall asked Dickens to write a series of sketches of a group of sportsmen full of amusing incidents. His group of characters came to life under the title The Pickwick Club. It is about Mr. Pickwick and his three friends who travelled about England and sent to the Club an account of their journeys.
Family Life. Charles Dickens loved Catherine Hogarth, the daughter of Mr. Hogarth, a clever newspaper writer. They were married in April 1836.
Literary Career His next novel was Oliver Twist. A nameless orphan, Oliver had to be sent to a workhouse. In the novel Dickens described what he had learned in his hard childhood. He attacked the cruel workhouse treatment of children.
Dickens was a reformer. His stories, whether sad or humorous, often served as a protest against abuses of social and political life of his time. He worked and worked and poured out novel after novel. Success followed success. He made money fast.
The Tavistock House. Dickens moved to a huge building – the Tavistock House. There he had his library, containing a lot of books. There in quiet and silence, he wrote for the next eleven years, and there his greatest stories were to be written.
His favourite child. Dickens wrote “ I have in my heart of hearts a favourite child. And his name is DAVID COPPERFIELD.” Writing the story of David Copperfield he was writing the story of his own unhappy childhood. It is indeed a masterpiece.
Public Reading Dickens travelled to America, France, Italy and Switzerland. His hobby now become public readings. It was too exciting and it shortened his life. He loved the applause, the constant movement.
At Gad’s Hill. During the summer of 1855 Dickens was working on Little Dorrit. In 1857 he bought Gad’s Hill, settled there and lost himself in writing two more novels – Great Expectations and Our Mutual Friend.
His last work. Dickens had to give up his readings. He still enjoyed long walks in the country but his left foot was painful. By June he had written half of Edwin Drood, the twenty second volume of his novels. The second half was never to be written.
“ England had much to mourn, for she had lost the most creative genius her literature had known since Shakespeare.” Dickens was buried in the heart of London, in Westminster Abbey in the Poet’s Corner. His grave was left open for several days, and thousands of people came to put flowers around his tombstone.
Thank you for attention.
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