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The Tretyakov Gallery, founded by Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, a Moscow merchant and art patron, is a national treasury of Russian art. Tretyakov spent his life collecting the works of Russian painters. He began his collection in 1856 with the purchase of «Temptation» (1856) by N.Shilder and «Finnish Smugglers» (1853) by V.Khudyakov. These paintings are on permanent exhibition. In order that his collection better reflect the centuries-old traditions of Russian art he acquired works of various epochs and also began a collection of antique icons. Tretyakov was one of the few people of his time who realized the great intrinsic value of ancient Russian art. He was on friendly terms with many progressive, democratic Russian painters, frequenting their studious, taking an active interest in their work, often suggesting themes for new paintings, and helping them financially. «Temptation» (1856) by N.Shilder «Finnish Smugglers» (1853) by V.Khudyakov
His collection grew rapidly; by 1872 a special building was erected to house it. Tretyakov was aware of the national importance of his vast collection of Russian art and presented it to the city of Moscow in 1892, thus establishing the first museum in Russia. Ilya Repin. Portrait of Pavel Tretyakov The Gallerie’s collection has grown considerably in the years since the Revolution. In 1893 it consisted of 1805 works of art, but by 1956 the number had increased to 35276. At present, the more interesting and distinctive works, tracing the development of Russian art through nearly ten centuries, are exhibit in the Gallery’s 54 halls.
The graphic art collection includes rare examples of drawings from the 18th century by A.Losenko, S.Shchedrin (Landscape with Ruins, 1799) and other masters who were at the forefront of the Russian drawing school. "Virgin of Hodegetria" icon S.Shchedrin (Landscape with Ruins, 1799) Many exhibits are not only amazing works of art, but are also records of historical events. The collection includes a unique Byzantine mount from the late 13th - early 14th century for the Russian "Virgin of Hodegetria" icon. Nevertheless the Gallery has the largest collection of graphic art from the 18th to early 20th century in Russia. The Gallery’s most valuable collection is a collection of Russian drawings and works by famous Russian artists portraying historical events.
The Gallery is also proud of its tremendous collection of A.Ivanov’s legacy which includes his nature studies, preparation drawings, genre and landscape water colours (Arbor Covered with Vines, 1840s – 1850s) and his famous Biblical Sketches. O.Kiprensky Portrait of Prince S.P. Buturlin K.Bryullov (Horsemen. Portrait of E.I. Mussard and Y.I. Mussard, 1849). S.Shchedrin Arbor Covered with Vines
Drawing occupied an important place in the creative work of leading painters in the second half of the 19th century. The Gallery’s collection contains a lot of graphic art by I.Repin (Portrait of the Italian Drama Actress Eleanor Duze, 1891), V.Surikov (With a Guitar. Portrait of S.A. Kropotkina, 1882), I.Shishkin (The Pine Tree, 1890), A.Savrasov, F.Vasiliev (After the Rain, 1870), V.Serov et al. The work of M.Vrubel deserves particular attention (The Rose, 1904), an unsurpassable drawer and master of water colours who had rare talent for imagination, impeccable taste and sharp individual manner. M.Vrubel (The Rose, 1904) F.Vasiliev (After the Rain, 1870), V.Surikov (With a Guitar. Portrait of S.A. Kropotkina, 1882), If you want to learn more about Tretyakov Gallery, it is located at: Moscow, Lavrushinsky Lane, 10