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Lingvokul′turema “Eagle" in the russian and english language picture of the world. Completed: Saidahmetova D.X.
Content Introduction 1. Linguistics culture as a science. 1.1 Subject and tasks of the linguistics culture. 1.2 Object of the linguistics culture. 2. The linguistics cultural analysis lingvokul′turemy "eagle" 2.2 Symbol "eagle" in the views of different people 2.3 Lingvokul′turema "eagle" in the russian linguistic picture of the world. 2.4 Lingvokul′turema "eagle in english painting in the world 2.5 A comparative aspect lingvokul′turemy «eagle» in Russian and English languages. Conclusion References
Research actuality. In the aspect of mark directions actual is a study lingvokul′turema "eagle" in the language picture of the world. Research aim: linguistics cultural and comparable analysis lingvokul′turema "eagle" in russian and english languages. Research tasks: - consider the basic concepts of the linguistics culture; - consider a concept lingvokul′turema "eagle"; - consider a symbol "eagle" in the different people of the world; - compare lingvokul′turema "eagle" in russian and english languages;
Linguistics culture as a science. Linguistics culture is a new science which study correlation “language- culture- nation”. Linguistics culture’s represents by: V.A. Maslova V.V. Vorobyev V. fon Gulbolt E. Seper A.A. Potebnya B. Worf
V.A. Maslova wrote: “artificially shared philology, history of culture, culturology, closing to each other tries to combine. In the result of it appears exceedingly product zone – lingvoculturology. Traditionally language defines as “facility of billing a culture” “culture components”, “part of culture”. Development of culture as known, realizes in the bowels the science, so that relation of language and culture consist of component “nation”. That’s way in notion of learning linguistics culture is triad “ language- culture- nation”
V.V. Vorobyev wrote: “linguistics culture is a new science subject of synthesize type, learning intercropping and interaction of culture and language in his function and reflected this process as wholeness structuring unit in unity of its language and outside of language ( culture) contents in helping system methods with modern priorities and culture determination oriented (systems of norms and all humanities value)” .
Mythology of the Eagle In the ancient Greek Sun God Helios travels across the sky in a chariot, drawn by four horses (quadriga). But here's what's interesting: there are rare, secret, seem not intended for the public image of HELIOS in chariot yoked two-headed Eagles. There are two eagles, four heads. It turns out that the quadriga is a sign of a more ancient, secret character.
In the mythologies of Eurasia Eagle is the Assistant or the embodiment of Shaman and cultural hero. One of the major feats of the Eagle as a cultural hero is stealing them or support them in getting the fire. The last dynasty of the Paleologov, the results of Byzantium, and had come to power after the Fourth Crusade, was able to regain Constantinople in 1261, and after unsuccessful attempts to join the Orthodox Church with the Roman Catholic was fact that adopted as its emblem two-headed eagle. After the fall of the Byzantine two-headed eagle became the imperial coat of arms of many Eastern European countries.
The main value of the Eagle in mythology: • the power of Heaven (solar), belief • power • fire, fire, lightening • immortality; durability of rebirth, renewal • Heavenly Messenger, Messenger, its messengers; • light, victory is imminent, the power of consciousness, triumphant • Sky Sun midday, Solar symbol of all gods, gods, divine start • Ascension, liberation from the bonds, victory, triumph, height, element, air. • infinite power, Premier, monarshia, imperial domination • air, storm, thunderstorm, water, wind;
In the mythology of the Eagle is often contrasted with: • Another mythological bird, the Crow, Vulture, owl, sometimes as night Predator (the prophets of gloom and death), etc.; • other terrestrial animals: the lion as an animal, the Eagle is in the air, ox or deer; Jaguar – night beast striker back; • Chthonic animals, especially the inhabitants of the lower (water): hare, weasel (craft attacked at night); – fish; snake.
The symbol “Eagle” in the views of different people Solar symbol of all the gods of the Sun, the midday sun, the spiritual, the Rapture, inspiration, liberation from the bonds, victory, pride, contemplation, apotheosis, government power, strength, height, the element of air. It was believed that an Eagle can fly up to the Sun and not solid amber, look at it and connect with him. The Eagle symbolizes the spiritual in man in a position to rocket to heaven. The double-headed Eagles are attributes of gods-twins can be attain omniscience and dual power. The rivalry between the Eagle and the bull, Eagle and lion, which always wins Eagle, symbolizes the triumph of the spirit and intellect over carnal nature.
The Greeks and the Persians was dedicated to the Sun, because it is the symbol of the height of the spirit, identified with Sun, the King of the stars. In different traditions it was viewed as a sacred emblem of the supreme deity, Odin, Zeus, Jupiter, Mithra. His life was marked by the Sun: it was believed that an Eagle can fly up to the Sun, look at it, not solid amber, and connect with them. The Aztec Eagle is power of the heavenly, shining heavens, rising sun, eating snake of darkness.
In Sumerian Akkadian tradition the symbol of the Sun, the God of war Ninurty (Lagash), and Ashura, the Assyrian God of storms, lightning and fertility. Two-headed eagle symbolizing the god Nergal, who captures the heat of the mid-day sun. As an intermediary between gods and human beings in myths the Anzud Bird Bird was provided in the form of an eagle with a lion's head. In the Syrian Palmyra Eagle with human hands symbolized the Sun worship. It was said that he could to rejuvenate, threefold plunging into water or, like the Phoenix, from the Sun's flames. China Eagle means Sun, Jan, government power, bravery, tenacity, keen eyesight, fearlessness, virtue. Eagle, lonely sitting on a rock, a symbol of lone fighter, pine Eagle, a symbol of longevity in full force and effect.
The "Eagle" in religion. The image of the Eagle is close in religion for all humanity. In Christianity it is the apostle John, who had reached the highest peaks in the interpretation of the word of God. In Christianity, the Eagle is embody of divine love, justice, courage, spirit, faith, symbol of the resurrection, the inspiration of the Gospels. Flight of the Eagle is associated, with prayers sent to heaven, with God's grace, of sin. In Buddhism, the Eagle is the bird which flies the Buddha. Attribute Amoghasiddhi, one of the five Dhyani Buddhas, the earthly manifestation of the Buddha who is considered the coming world order Maitreya. Eagle is a sacred bird in native American and its significance comparable to the feathers on the Bible and the cross in Christianity.
Lingvokul′turema "Eagle" in the Russian linguistic picture of the world The origin of the Russian name "Eagle" in tune with the bird with its name in many other languages of the Indo-European family, which points to the ancient origin of the word. It goes back to the Indo-European root or (ar, er), which means "Supreme, divine". There are two versions of the origin of the Latin names of aquila: according to the first, is that the word comes from the aquilus, meaning "dark" is a tribute to the colors of feathers birds; the second is from the Latin version of the Greek Aquilo, Borea deities, that is, the North wind. In new persians language bird called aluh that is very similar to "allah", i.e. God.
The explanatory dictionary of the Russian language Ozhegov defines lingvokul′turema "Eagle": the Eagle is a large strong powerful bird family of hawk with curved beak, who has lived in mountainous or desert areas. Said "Eagle of proud, courageous, strong man“. In dictionary Dal’: "Eagle – the most powerful bird, the King of birds, representative force, respect, generosity, foresight. Eagles – plants and flowers, the Dove. Eaglet is a young eagle, eagle chick. Represented – female. Heads or tails is a game of money, named after the Eagle on the coin, it will fall if and say they are so personal side up (spear), a stone-thrower WINS"
Lingvokul′turema "Eagle" in the English language world picture Орел – eagle, eaglet – орленок eagle noun a large bird of prey with very strong sight. Fly the eagle (make the eagle scream). Swoop like an eagle As soon as they heard the news the creditor swooped like eagles on their victim. Eagle the names of the constellations in astrology. Eagle – old American gold coin to 10 dollars (старая американская золотая монета в 10 долларов). Eagle – emblem (title) Colonel. Eagle day – pay day in the military jargon. Eagle-eye – eagle's gaze, keep vision.
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Lingvokul′turema “Eagle" in the russian and english language picture of the world. nContent nIntroduction n1. Linguistics culture as a science. n1.1 Subject and tasks of the linguistics culture. n1.2 Object of the linguistics culture. n2. The linguistics cultural analysis lingvokul′turemy "eagle" n2.2 Symbol "eagle" in the views of different people n2.3 Lingvokul′turema "eagle" in the russian linguistic picture of the world. n2.4 Lingvokul′turema "eagle in english painting in the world n2.5 A comparative aspect lingvokul′turemy «eagle» in Russian and English languages. nConclusion nReferences nResearch actuality. In the aspect of mark directions actual is a study lingvokul′turema "eagle" in the language picture of the world. nResearch aim: linguistics cultural and comparable analysis lingvokul′turema "eagle" in russian and english languages. nResearch tasks: n- consider the basic concepts of the linguistics culture; n- consider a concept lingvokul′turema "eagle"; n- consider a symbol "eagle" in the different people of the world; n- compare lingvokul′turema "eagle" in russian and english languages; n V.A. Maslovawrote:“artificially shared philology, history of culture, culturology, closing to each other tries to combine. In the result of it appears exceedingly product zone – lingvoculturology. Traditionally language defines as “facility of billing a culture” “culture components”, “part of culture”.Development of culture as known, realizes in the bowels the science, so that relation of language and culture consist of component “nation”. That’s way in notion of learning linguistics culture is triad “ language- culture- nation”