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Merry Christmas Hark. The herald angels sing Glory to the new – born King Peace on Earth, and merry mild.
Цели: развивать социокультурную компетенцию учащихся посредством ознакомления с традициями Англии и Америки на примере празднования католического Рождества; развивать интерес учащихся к изучению английского языка посредством знакомства с англоязычными странами. Презентация подготовлена учителем английского языка Свечкаревой Л. В. ,МОУ Туриловская СОШ, Ростовская область. 2014 год
Where does it come from? Christmas is a joyful religious holidays when Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. The Christmas story comes from the Bible. An angel appeared to shepherds and told them that a Savior had been born to Mary and Joseph in a stable in Bethlehem.
The Three Wise Men From the East followed a wondrous star which led them to the baby Jesus to whom they paid homage and presented gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
The night before Christmas Twas the night before Christmas when all through the house Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse; The stockings were hung by the chimney with care, It hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there.
Christmas Gifts On December 24, Christmas Eve, Santa hitches his eight reindeer to a sleigh, and loads it with present The reindeer pull him and his sleigh through the sky to deliver presents to children all around the world.
Christmas stockings There is a tradition that children should put a long sock called a Christmas at the end of their bed or by the chimney or hang it by the fireplace so that Santa Claus will fill it with presents.
Santa Claus’ Biography In Scandinavian and other European countries Father Christmas or Saint Nicholas comes into houses in the night and leaves gifts for the children. Saint Nicholas is represented as a kindly man with a red cloak and long white beard. He visited houses and left gifts, bringing people happiness.
Another character, the North God Odin, rode on a magical flying horse across the sky in winter to reward people with gifts. These different legends passed across the ages to make the present – day Santa Claus.
Santa Claus is thought to live at the North Pole where he spends most of the year in the workshop making toys for children with the help of elves.
Christmas Cards People buy and send Christmas cards to their friends usually containing message “ Merry Christmas”. The cards usually show the pictures of “nativity (the birth of Christ ) , Santa Claus, Christmas tree, Robins” Or scenes of old – fashioned Christmas.
Christmas Dinner The typical meal consists of turkey with potatoes and other vegetables such as carrots and sprouts. It is followed by Christmas pudding – a sweet pudding containing a lot of dried fruit and often covered with burning brandy. The cranberry sauce, pumpkin, chocolate cream, Christmas pies follow the dinner.
Christmas Tree The custom of a Christmas tree began in Germany, in the first half of the 700s. It is believed that Martin Luther first added lighted candles to a tree. From Germany the custom spread to other parts of Western Europe. It was popularized in England in the 19th century, by Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s German husband.
People usually decorate their houses with garlands and wreath made of mistletoe and holly.
Streets and houses are colorfully illuminated.
Christmas records The first Christmas card was sent in London in 1843. The largest pudding was one of 1390 kg, made by employees of Herbert Adams in Kensington, Victoria, Australia. The largest functional cracker ever constructed was one measuring 42,67 m in length and 2,13 m in diameter, in London
Carol Singing. People sometimes go carol singing, which means singing in the street, outside people’s houses. Carols are special Christmas songs. They are song and heard all during the holiday season.
“ Shopping Season” Because people give each other presents, in the days and weeks before Christmas the shops become very busy. People often spend a lot of money on gifts. Many people enjoy this but feel that Christmas has become too much of business and so has lost its meaning.
Boxing Day In Britain, the day after Christmas is called Boxing Day and is also a public holiday. A lot of sports take place on Boxing Day and many people now spend time watching sport on TV. They go to their friends and relatives.
Twelve Days of Christmas are twelve days following Christmas. The 12 days is the chief time for choosing a Mock King to rule for a festive space. In the 12th Night cake there is usually a silver ring or a coin but an older tradition demands a bean. The bean is a powerfully magical thing enclosing within itself a symbol of the female principle.
Christmas in Literature The British author Charles Dickens spread the idea of sharing in his story, “ A Christmas Carol”, written in 1854. “ At Christmas time groups of people sing carols, both indoors and outdoors. They usually collect money for homeless and poor people…”
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Презентация расширяет кругозор учащихся по теме "Праздники в англоязычных странах", развивает положительную внутреннюю мотивацию к изучению английского языка. С ее помощью продолжается формирование навыков аудирования, совершенствуется и пополняется лексическая база учащихся по данной теме. Расширяется и развивается общекультурный кругозор учащихся.
Дети совершают заочное путешествие в деревню Санта Клауса в Финляндии, узнают информацию об истории праздника и традициях, связанных с его празднованием, узнают разные имена Деда Мороза в разных странах.
Яркие картинки помогают развитию воображения, фантазии.