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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The geographical position of the UK The political system The capital of the country Places of interest Famous people The main points of the lesson
Some useful proper names The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The British Isles The Irish Sea The English Channel The Strait of Dover London Cardiff Edinburgh Belfast The British Parliament Big Ben Buckingham Palace Trafalgar Square St. Paul’s Cathedral Westminster Abbey The White Tower
The map of the UK Where is the UK situated? What is the UK separated from the continent? What is the British flag called?
What parts does the UK consist of? 1 2 3 4
What are their capitals? England – Wales – Scotland – Northern Ireland -
What are their national flowers?
The Head of State in Britain Elizabeth II
Who does the real power belong to? The British Parliament The House of Lords The House of Commons
Trafalgar Square It is the central square of London and traditional place for people to meet. All sorts of protest meetings are held there. The statue of national hero Admiral Nelson stands there.
The Houses of Parliament It is a place where the British Government sits. It consists of three parts: the Royal Apartments, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Big Ben It’s a clock in the tower and it is a big bell. You can hear it every hour. People are allowed to get inside the Tower so that they can see the work of the clock. There is no lift and there are three hundred and forty steps (340). It weighs 13.5 tons.
Tower Bridge It is the oldest and famous bridge across the Thames. Originally it was made of wood by the Romans, but it was often burnt down. Later it was made of stone. Finally it was rebuilt and made of concrete.
The Tower of London It has a long history. In the past it was a fortress, a prison, a castle and a zoo. It was built to protect the city from the enemies. There are a lot of ravens at this place. There is a legend that without them the Tower will fall. Nowadays this building is a very popular museum.
Buckingham Palace It’s the London home of the Queen. Buckingham Palace was built for John, first Duke of Buckingham, between 1702 and 1705. Changing the guards takes place there. The palace is open to public.
Choose the right variant: 1) The Tower of London is: a) a prison b) a museum c) a shop 2) Big Ben is the name of: a) the clock tower b) the palace c) the church 3) Which bridge is in London? a) Brooklyn Bridge b) Tower Bridge c) Boston Bridge 4) The Queen lives in: a) the Tower of London b) the Houses of Parliament c) Buckingham Palace
True or false: Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen. Big Ben is a beautiful London museum. Parliament consists of two Houses. Nelson’s column is situated on Trafalgar Square. Changing the guard takes place near the Tower Bridge. The Tower of London used to be a palace, a fortress and a prison.
Thanks for your attention!
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Темаурока: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
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