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The Elements of Design
To convey a sense of: confined - замкнутости snug - уюта secure - безопасности serenity - спокойствия gracefulness - грациозности action - действия strength - силы to visually enlarge – зрительно увеличивать dual purpose furniture – мебель двойного назначения to evoke excitement and movement – вызывать волнение и движение graceful and delicate effect – изящный и тонкий эффект rough - грубый smooth - мягкий reflect light – отражать лучи absorb light – поглощать лучи 2-3 dimensional expanse – 2-3 мерное пространство
Elements for Success The elements of design include: Space Line Form Texture Color
Space Large, open spaces give people a feeling of freedom and luxury. Too much open space can make people feel lonely and uncomfortable. Rooms with high ceilings or too few furnishings can have this effect as well. Empty parts of room may look larger than smaller areas containing furniture. Crowded spaces with too much furniture may make you feel confined. On the other hand, you may feel snug and secure.
Describe the spacing in this picture?
Arranging Space Two general choices Fill the space or leave much of it empty. To make a smaller space appear larger, keep as much open space as possible. You might also install mirrors to visually enlarge a room. Choose dual purpose furniture For large space, divide the room into different areas. By arranging furniture in small clusters and using area rugs to visually divide a large room.
What are your feelings about this space?
Line All lines are either straight or curved and are placed in a direction, vertical, horizontal, or diagonal. Vertical lines can convey strength and stability A horizontal line may suggest rest. Diagonal or zigzag lines evoke excitement and movement. Curved lines have a graceful and delicate effect.
What types of lines do you see here?
Creating Effects with Line When people see a line, their eyes tend to follow it. Line adds height (such as homes with tall windows) Low sofas can create the illusion of greater width. By aligning the tops of picture frames you can create the effect of a continuous line.
Describe the line used in this picture.
Form Large heavy objects such as pianos or sofas give a feeling of stability. Placing several small objects together will create stability Light colors pair with other light colors equal a lightness Light colors paired with dark colors may add weight.
Which room appears to have more weight?
Texture An object’s texture is the appearance or feel of its surface. Most times you can tell the texture of the object before you touch it; however some textures can fool the eye. Wall paper can be made to look rough but have a smooth feel to it.
Special Effects with Texture Texture can influence the way people feel in a room. Plush carpet and furniture covered with soft fabric provide a sense of comfort. Rough materials convey a feeling of ruggedness and stability. Smooth velvets and heavy brocades suggest luxury. Glass, metal and stone give a feeling a coolness. Texture can also affect apparent size. Soft silky fabric on a couch may seem smaller than rough and ragged fabric on a couch. Smooth textures reflect light and rough textures absorb light.
Color Color is the most significant element of design. It’s possible to set a mood or create an illusion with color.
What type of feeling do you get from this room?
The guidelines used to create pleasing designs are called the elements and principles of design. Space is the 3 dimensional expanse that a designer is working with. Different sized spaces convey a range of feelings. Line form conveys a sense of movement or direction. Lines can be used to convey a sense of strength, serenity, gracefulness, or action. Form describes the shape and structure of solid objects. Form may be 2 or 3 dimensional. 2 dimensional would be walls and rugs (usually contain little or no depth) 3 dimensional would be chairs and other furniture
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В этой презентации разбираются основные элементы дизайна на английском языке. В презентации также даны примеры интерьеров комнат и в них четко просматривается каждый элемент дизайна. Благодрая этой презентации обучающиеся смогут легко рассказать о своем интерьере будущему заказчику или просто побеседовать с иностранными коллегами. Более подробно рассматривается линия в интерьере помещения, форма и текстура, размещение мебели в пространстве и, конечно же, влияние цвета комнаты на психологическое состояние человека.
Visual Design elements describe fundamental ideas about the practice of good visual design