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English homonyms and homophones in everyday speech. Learn something new
Definition. Homonyms are words which are spelled the same, but which have different meanings. The word is made up of two words from Greek HOMO – “The same” + ONYMIA – “name”
HOMOPHONE One or two or more words pronounced alike but different in meaning or spelling As the words to, too, two
The aim of this presentation is to illustrate the difference in meanings of homonyms and homophones. Practical part includes tests which can help to learn by heart these commonly confused words.
I saw Jim In the gym I heard him Sing a hymn Have you ever heard A cattle herd? For words like that There is a word Refrain: They're called homonyms Not antonyms Not synonyms I'm talking about homonyms I was weak For an entire week 'Till I got to meet A piece of meat Then I ate At a little past eight The cheese I grate It tasted great Refrain Jim – name Gym – gymnasium Him – pronoun Hymn – Heard – past participle – hear Herd – Weak – adjective Week – noun Meet – verb Meat – noun Ate – past participle –eat Eight – number Grate – Great - adjective
-past tense of eat It ate everything. AT – preposition which has a lot of different meanings. [æt] - [et]
ALOUD – louder then a whisper, audibly with the voice; not silently You must learn to speak your thoughts aloud ALLOWED – to raise or constitute no objection, restraint, or bar, to let happen or to be done permit [ə´laud] - [ə´laud]
Awl - He took an awl pressed to duty as a screwdriver. a pointed tool for making holes, as in wood or leather. All – the total entity or extent of - with everything being taken into account All Europe was threatened ALL in good time All’s will that ends well. [o:l] - [o:l]
BARE - To make bare Without the usual or appropriate covering or clothing; naked In autumn it is very unpleasant to see trees bare of leaves. BEAR - Any of various mammals of the family Ursidae. Hunters noticed a small cub of a bear. [beə] - [beə]
BANNED - prohibited N Nuclear power must be banned BAND – a thin strip of flexible material used to encircle and bind one object A group of musicians The band was off-key [bænd] - [bænd]
BLEW – Past tense of blow The wind blew the tent over BLUE – any of a group of colours that very in lightness and saturation. I was deceived by the blue sky and took no umbrella. [blu:] - [blu:]
BEACH - The shore of a body of water It could be heard the roar of the waves on the beach. BEECH - any of tree of the genus Fagus They approached to a wood of beech-trees.
BROACH – a tapered and serrated tool, used to shape or enlarge a hole. The hole made by such a tool BROOCH – an ornament worn on the clothing, attached be means of a pin and catch. I would like to have a cameo brooch [brəut ] - [brəut ]
Ceiling – the interiour upper Surface of a room The planking applied to the interior framework of a ship. A lamp hung from the ceilings Hermetic sealing was made well enough. SEALING – to affix a seal to So as to prove authenticity or Attest to accuracy, quality, or Conformity to an appropriate Standard - To close hermetically [si:liŋ] - [si:liŋ]
CHEAP – relatively low in cost; - inexpensive. Charging low prices: A cheap restaurant CHEEP – a faint, shrill sound like that of a young bird; a chirp.
CAUGHT – past tense of catch - To capture or seize, especially After a chase - To take by trapping or snaring COT – a narrow bed, especially a camp bed A small house, a cottage. a child’s bed [ko:t] - [ko:t]
CARET – a proofreading symbol used to indicate where something is to be insert in printed or written matter. Find a caret and correct a mistake. CARROT – a widely cultivated plant, having finely divided leaves, flat clusters of Small white flowers, and an edible, yellow-orange root. Grate a carrot.
CEREAL – an edible grain, such as Wheat, oats or corn. A grass producing such a grain - Food prepared from such a grain, especially one eaten for breakfast SERIAL – of forming, or arranged in a series. - published or produced in installments, as a novel might be - A literary or dramatic work published or produced in installments. He doesn’t like cereal for breakfast We never watch TV serials. [siriəl] - [siriəl]
DIE – to cease living, Become dead Most people die in their beds I all but die. DYE – any substance To colour materials To colour a material with a due I would like to dye A blue over a white It was a loose dye. [dai] - [dai]
Dear – beloved, loved, precious. highly esteemed or regarded Used as a conventional form of address at the beginning of the letter DEER – any of various Blood-sucking flies of the genus Chryseps. Any of various hoofed Ruminant mammals Of the family Cervidae, Characteristically having Deciduous antlers The park feeds about 40head of deer. [diə] - [diə]
DOUGH – a soft, thick mixture of flour or meal, liquids and various dry Ingredients that is baked as bread, Pastry or the like. “Dough” – is slang for “money” DOE – the female of a deer or related animal. The female Of certain other animal such as The hare or kangaroo. The doe takes care of its cubs. [dəu] - [dəu]
Dun – a hill or ridge of wind-blown sand, especially one barren of vegetation One of the colours The horse was dun Done – past participle of do. adj. Finished What is done cannot be undone
Due – payable immediately or demand owed as a debt, Owing Something that is owed or deserved - A charge or fee as for membership in a club or organization Do – auxiliary verb To form or execute to produce or make Your work is not Acceptable, do it again DEW – water droplets condensed from the air, usually at night, forming an cool surface, such as grass. Dew-drops which the sun impearls. [du:] [dju:] [dju:]
FLOUR – a soft, fine, powdery Substance obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a grain, especially wheat. Blend in a little flour into this mixture FLOWER – any such structure having showy or colorful parts, a blossom She was good at the art of flower arrangement. [flauə] - [flauə]
GRIZZLY – the grayish form of the bear, Ursus arctos. I have never seen a grizzly bear GRISLY – horrifying, repugnant, gruesome [grizli] - [grizli]
GRATE – a framework of parallel or Latticed bars used to hold the fuel in a stove, furnace or fireplace. GREAT – extremely large, bulky, big He is a such a great talker. Ann scraped out the ashes from a grate. [greit] - [greit]
GENE – a hereditary unit located on a chromosome That determines a specific Characteristic or function In an organism. JEAN – a heavy, strong, twilled cotton, used in making trousers and work clothes. Skuzzy jeans were very popular Every living being has genes.
HAIR – a growth of such filaments, such as that forming the coat of an animal or covering the scalp of a human being. She has long, straight hair. HARE – any of various mammals of the family Leporidoe, and especially of the genus Lepus related to and resembling the rabbits but having longer ears, large hind feet, and long legs adopted for jumping. This hare has whit hair. [heə] - [heə]
HAIL – precipitation in the form of pellets of ice and hard snow. Crops were injured by hail HALE – to compel to go, force - sound in health [heil] - [heil]
HOUR – The 24th part of a day. They moved 50 miles an hour OUR – the possessive form of we, used attributively to Indicate possession or the recipient or argent of an action Our aims were achieved [auə] - [auə]
I’ll – contraction of I will I’ll do it later. AISLE - a part of church The corridor, doorway, the path He walked up the aisle to his seat. I’ll – contraction of I will I’ll do it later. ISLE – an island, especially a small one An isle lost in the fog. [ail] - [ail] - [ail]
ITS – the possessive form of the pronoun IT’S – contraction of it is/ it has It’s never too late to mend. [its] - [its]
I – the first person singular pronoun in the Nominative case. EYE – an organ of vision or of the light sensitivity The landscape appeals the eye. I cannot abide him. [ai] - [ai]
IT - EAT – to take into the mouth/ chew and swallow food It cost a penny He could eat ad lib but he wasn't fat. [i:t] - [it]
IN – preposition with different meanings INN – a public lodging, house serving food and drink to travelers; hotel Formally, a hall or residence for students. You can halt at an inn when you traveled Is anyone in? [in] - [in]
GNU – large African antelopes Having a drooping beard, a long, tufted tail, and curved horns. This bovine animal was a gnu. KNEW – past Tense of know. To be certain of, regard a accept as true beyond doubt. I knew it all along. [nju:] [nu:] [nju:]
KNOWN – past participle of know - Proved or generally recognized. - Something that is known NONE – no one, not One, nobody. Not any, no persons or things of a specified group. NUN – a woman who belongs to a religious order devoted to religious service or meditation, usually under vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.
KNIGHT – a medieval tenant giving military service as a mounted man-at-arms to a feudal landholder NIGHT – the period between sunset and sunrise, especially, the hours of darkness A knight in shining armour [nait] - [nait]
KNOW – to perceive directly with the senses or mind; apprehend with clarity or certainty - Regard or accept as true beyond doubt NO – Not so; opposed to “yes”. Used in Expressing refusal, disagreement or disbelief [nəu] - [nəu]
KNEAD - to mix and work (a substance) into a uniform mass; especially, to fold, Press and stretch with The hands (dough) NEED - KNEED – To strike with the knee A condition or situation in which something necessary or desirable is required or wanted [ni:d] [ni:d] [ni:d]
He ate his leeks. The leak in the pipe was plugged. LEAK – an escape from normal or proper confinement especially, an accidental escape from a container or conduit LEEK – a plant, allium porrum, related to The onion and having a cylindrical bulb that Is the base of the flat, overlapping leaves - The blanched leaves of this plant, used as food [li:k] - [li:k]
LAOD – A supported weight or mass. Anything that’s Transported by a motor Vehicle, ship, or aircraft, or Carried by a person or pack animal. LODE – a mineral deposit contained in hard rock, usually in the form of a group of veins - A rich source or supply [ləud] - [ləud]
LESSEN – to cause, to decrease, Make less - To make little of; minimize LESSON – something to be learned. A period of instruction; a class [lesn] - [lesn]
He was a man of muscle MUSCLE – a tissue composed of fibers capable of contracting and relaxing to effect Bodily movement. Mussel – any of several marine bivalve mollusks, Especially mytilus Edulis, having a blue-black shell. Mussel pilaf was Cooked rather good
Made – past tense and past participle of make. Produced or manufactured by constructing, shaping or forming MAID – a female servant [meid] - [meid]
MEDDLE – to interfere in other people’s affairs or business. MEDAL – a piece of metal Stamped with a design or Inscription commemorating an Event or person, often given as an award. Every medal has two sides [medl] - [medl]
MAIN – most Important, principal A river It was the main street of Washington D.C many years ago. Mane – The long hair the top and sides of neck of such mammals as horse and The male lion. A long thick growth of hair On person’s head. [mein] - [mein]
MOAN – a low, sustained, mournful sound, usually indicative Of sorrow or pain MOWN – past tense of mow To cut down crops, grass or similar growth with a mechanical device such as a lawn mower Or moving machine. They had mown a meadow. Moan and groan [məun] - [məun]
Meat - the edible flesh of mammals as distinguished from that of fish or poultry The meat was condemned as unfit for food MEET – to come into the presence or company by chance or by arrangement METE – to distribute by or as if by measure; Deal out, allot The courts mete out the punishments [mi:t] [mi:t] [mi:t]
MOAT – a wide, deep ditch, usually filled with water, surrounding a medieval town, fortress, a castle as a protection against assault There was a moat near the castle. MOTE – a speck, especially of dust. [məut] - [məut]
MAIL – letters, packages and other material handed in postal system. Male – a masculine or paternal human or animal She loves to bait about his male vanity. I received my mail today [meil] - [meil]
MALL – a shady public walk or promenade A street lined with shops and closed to vehicles MAUL – a heavy, long-handled hammer used to drive stakes, piles or wedges. [mo:l] - [mo:l]
Ore – a mineral or aggregate of minerals From which a valuable constituent, Especially a metal, can be profitable mined or extracted OAR – a long, thin pole, usually wooden, with a blade at one and, used to row [o:] - [o:]
PLUM – any of several shrubs or small trees of The genus Prunus The fruit of any of these trees Peach trees can be engrafted upon plum trees. PLUMB – a weight suspended from the end of a line, used to determine water depth or to establish a true vertical. It’s plumb nonsense [plum] [plum]
PAUSE – to cease or suspend activity for time. - A hiatus in action or activity Awkward pause was in the room PAWS – the nailed or clawed food of an animal A human hand, especially one that’s large , clumsy or dirty Put out you paws! [po:z] - [po:z]
POURS – to make ( a fluid or Granular solid) stream of flow to sent forth, produce PORES – to read or study carefully and attentively He pores gifts upon her She pores attentively. [po:z] - [po:z]
Pear – a widely cultivated Tree, Pyrus communis, having glossy eaves, white flowers a and edible fruit. PAIR – two, corresponding Items, similar in form of function and matched or associated One object composed of two pointed; similar parts, depending upon other A pear that melts In the mouth It’s another pair of shoes [peə] - [peə]
PAIN – suffering or distress It gives me much pain PANE – any of the divisions of a Window or a door, filled with glass. [pein] [pein]
ROUTE ROUTE – a road, course or way for travel from one place to another. A regular way taken from one place to another - A customary line of travel ROOT - – the usually underground portion of a plant that serves as support, draws water and mineral Ions from the surrounding soil, and in some plants stores food [ru:t] - [ru:t]
E WRITE – To form (letters, Symbols, works, Or sentences) on A surface such as paper, using a pen, Pencil, or other tool. RIGHT – in accordance with or conformable to justice, law, morality or Similar principle right action - direction [rait] - [rait]
READ – to utter or render aloud Something written or printed To have the knowledge of Necessary to understand printed Or written material. REED – any of various tall Aquatic grass having jointed, Hollow stalks, especially, any of The genus Phragmites. - The stalk of any of these plants [ri:d] [rid]
RED – any of the colours READ – past tense and past participle of Read. [red] - [red]
WRAPPED – Past tense of wrap To arrange or fold About in order to cover or Protect something. RAPT – transported with Powerful emotion - deeply absorbed; engrossed - receipt, report [ræpt] - [ræpt]
STATIONERY – writing paper and envelopes. Writing materials such as paper, pens and inks. STATIONARY – fixed in position, not moving -Not capable of being moved; -Not portable a stationary engine.
SON – an adopted male child. - An male descendant SUN – a star that is the basis of the Solar system and That sustains life on Earth, Being the source of heat and light
SAIL – a length of triangular or rectangular fabric, As canvas, attached To a ship or boat to catch the wind And propel it. - A sailing vessel SALE – the exchange of goods or services for an amount of money or its equivalent. [seil] - [seil]
STRAIGHT – extending continuously In the same direction. accurate, correct; in accordance with the truth. - directly, without detour or delay STRAIT – a narrow passage of water joining two larger bodies of water [streit] - [streit]
SEA – the continuous body of salt water covering most of earth’s surface; especially, this body regarded as a geophysical entity district from earth and sky See – Perceive with the eye [si:] - [si:]
SOW – To plant Seed in Land. An adult Female pig the manner described, shown, expressed or indicate in such a manner The amount or degree expressed or understood; in such quality or to such an extent to make, repair or fasten using a needle and thread. to close, enclose or attach by means of stitches. to work with a needle and thread or with a sewing machine. To gain control of [səu] [səu] [səu]
TIED – past tense of tie - to fasten or secure with a cord, rope, or strap TIDE - the twice-daily rise and fall in the surface level of the oceans, seas, and lower courses of rivers caused by the gravitational attraction of the moon, to a lesser extent, the sun [taid] - [taid]
TOO – in addition, also, as well To a greater degree than is necessary or desirable - very extremely, immensely TO – in a direction toward an action resulting In a specified condition TWO – the cardinal Number that is one More than one. A symbol representing this, such as 2, II [tu:] - [tu:] [tu:]
TEA – A shrub, tea sinensis Or Camelia sinensis Of eastern Asia An aromatic slightly bitter Drink made by steeping tea Leaves in boiling water. TEE – something sharped like a capital T - the are at the beginning of each hole [ti:] - [ti:]
TAUGHT – past participle of Teach - educated TAUT – kept in good order and condition, neat and tidy [to:t] - [to:t]
TAIL – the posterior part of an animal, especially when Elongated and extending beyond the trunk or main part of the body. TALE – a recital of facts or happening; - a malicious story, piece of gossip or petty complaint [teil] - [teil]
WON – past tense, Past participle of win To achieve victory over others in any kind of contest. ONE – designating a single entity, unit, object, or being; single, individual
WAVE – to be moved back and forth or up and down by or as if by a current of air, shake, sway, flutter or undulate WAIVE – to relinquish or give up (a claim or right) [weiv] - [weiv]
HAST MAKES WASTE WASTE – to fail to take advantage or make profitable use of, lose; The act of wasting Garbage, trash WAIST – the part of the human trunk between the bottom of the rib cage and the pelvis. [weist] - [weist]
WAIT – to remain inactive, defer action or stay in one sport until something anticipated occurs WEIGHT – a measure of heaviness or mass of an object [weit] - [weit]
WET – to dampen damp WHET – to sharpen (a knife, one’s appetite) [wet] - [wet]
WOULD – a habitual action or Custom in the past. A polite request or command. attempt or intention WOOD – a dense growth of trees A small forest [wud] - [wud]
Hole and corner business [həul] - [həul]
WITCH – a woman who practices black magic and sorcery or is believed to have dealings with the devil. - An ugly or vicious old woman. WHICH – what particular One or ones: Which of these is yours?
WEEK – a period of seven days. a seven-day calendar period, especially one starting with Sunday and acting to the Saturday. WEAK – Lacking physical Strength, energy, Or vigor He was weak after his Illness.
Choose the necessary word to describe a picture A hill or ridge of wind-blown sand Done b) Dun
FIND SOME HOMONYMS
FIND SOME HOMONYMS
FIND SOME HOMONYMS
Working with this theme I have analyzed 80 sets of Homonyms and homophones. Reading English books, dictionaries, newspapers I found the sentences where these words are used. Using these sentences I made my own tests with the help of special computer program which helped me to memorize the meaning of these words.
Краткое описание документа:
Данная презентация может быть использована для изучения английских омонимов в старших классах общеобразовательной школы. Презентация содержит сравнительный анализ более 80 омонимов.
Каждая группа омонимов содержит объяснение значения на английском языке, транскрипцию и примеры употребленния данных омонимов в речи. После просмотра презентации предлагается выпоснение теста с помощью компьютерной программы.
Working with this theme I have analyzed 80 sets of Homonyms and homophones.
Reading English books, dictionaries, newspapers. I found the sentences where these words are used.
Using these sentences I made my own tests with the help of special computer program which helped
me to memorize the meaning of these words.
The aim of this presentation is to illustrate the difference in meanings of homonyms and homophones.
Practical part includes tests which can help to learn by heart these commonly confused words.
• Homonyms are words which are spelled the same, but which have different meanings.
• The word is made up of two words from Greek
• HOMO – “The same” + ONYMIA – “name”
• One or two or more words pronounced alike
• but different in meaning or spelling
• As the words to, too, two
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