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We do not know when men began to dream of travelling in space. The first story that we know about a space flight was written in the year 150. The author described how, during a great storm, a big wave raised a ship up to the Moon, and the men on the ship found themselves in a new world.
In the sixteenth century, Galileo made the first telescope and looked through it at the Moon and the planets. Now nobody could say for certain that the Earth was the only world, and many new space-travel stories appeared.
In 1865 Jules Verne's famous novel "From the Earth to the Moon" was published. In his story he sends his heroes into space by means of a huge gun. Another space-travel story is "The First Men in the Moon" by H. G. Wells. Wells' heroes have a wonderful substance that helps their spaceship to fly away to the moon.
But the dream of travelling into space became true only in the 20th century. It happened in November 1957. The first animal in space was Laika, a dog from Russia. Laika travelled around the Earth for 7 days in the satellite Sputnik 2.
Then in 1961, all people on the Earth learned about the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin. He circled the Earth in Vostok spaceship. Since that time the 12th of April has been celebrated in Russia as Space Day.
Sputnik is one of the Russian words which became internationally known. In more than 40 years since Yuri Gagarin's flight Russian space science has come a long way Over 2,000 spaceships have been launched since the space era began.
Russia leads in many areas of space researches. The most important achievements include work on orbital stations. The longest expedition lasted more than 350 days. More than seventy Russian spacemen have worked in orbit, many of them more then once. All of them say how beautiful our blue planet is, how small and fragile it is.
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Космос, космическое пространство, звездное небо, Солнце, Луна - всегда интересовали человечество. Человек мечтал об исследовании и покорении космоса, о космических путешествиях. Человечество прошло значительный путь от просто мечты до ее воплощения в реальной жизни.
В 16 столетии Г. Галилео создал свой первый телескоп и посмотрел на звездное небо.
1957 г. - был запущен первый космический спутник.
12 апреля 1961 г. - первый космический полет Юрия Гагарина.
16 июня 1963 г. - первый космический полет женщины-космонавта Валентины Терешковой.
18 матра 1965 г. - советский космонавт Алексей Леонов вышел в открытый космос.
Россия всегда занимала ведущие позиции в исследовании космоса.