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Cultural and historical monuments of Buryatia
“Hoogty- haan” is a majestic hill on the right bank of “Chikoy” river. From Chikoy’s and Mongolia’s sides this hill looks more magnificent. The view encompasses both tops “Baruun” and “Zoon Hugtia”, overhanging the river of white and red granite rocks. There is the “Haan Shuluun” among these rocks.
The legend says that there is a bedchamber of Haan Hugty. Here came future warriors before they go to the service or to war. The Prayed and took stones- amulets, keeping them as talismans from all disasters and deaths. At the foot of the mountains, the coastal water in the river for the last 50 years has changed dramatically. In the result of water erosion the banks of the “Chikoy” river were washed away. Passing by the road has disappeared. Now you can only travel on horseback. Also rich meadows have disappeared.
Once the Western part of this mountain was represented treeless plateau. And now it is covered with dense forest. From the North-West side of the ridge ran a narrow road on which it was possible to drive on a cart to the top. In the mountain there is a large cave with rock paintings of primitive hunters, made with red ochre. From the top there is a vast space with beautiful views, Chikoyskiy valley, on the spurs of the Mongolian mountains. It is well visible, as river is divided into two branches, top, creating the impression of a flying crane. They say that the Holy mountain of Hoogty Haan, Tumen Haan, Shahty Haan see each other, discuss and it believed straight at the distance of 50 kilometres from their tops interest. – himself Pandito Hamba Lama Damba Darzha Zayaev has identified as their holy places.
There is a legend that the owner of Hoogty Haan is a black horse (black horse without a single white spot). Fyodor Ochirov raised such of horse- three years and it was released on freedom during Oboe.
The cave "Gorodovoi Utyos" as a nature monument. The cave is located on the right bank of the Chikoy river between the villages of Tsagan- Chelutai, Anagustai and Altai, in the South of Buryatia. The cave "Gorodovoi Utyos" is a monument of nature, approved by the decision of the Council of ministers of the Buryat ASSR № 304 dated 14 October 1980. Here, at the foot of the "Gorodovoi Utyos", on a steep wall of the clift, at the height of 200 meters above the water level, visible arched entrance to a large cave and outside of her two small caves. The name of the "Gorodovoi Utyos" appeared on the geodetic map in the last century, and it was the edge kazakhtel,it is the highest mountain(altitude 1,096 m)significantly towers over other mining facilities,which, ultimately,was the reason to call it the Gorodovoy Utyos, a panorama of the valley Chikoi in the range of 30 km or greater gave the opportunity to the Cossacks of the border guards to arrange on top of the mountain patrol (Supervisory)paragraphs and track the movement and the approaching enemies.
Cult places and sacred objects. Knowledge of own national historical shrines allows you to restore the original ethnic and cultural ties. An important place in the beliefs of Buddhists is the tradition of holding the ceremony of Aboo - spring and summer service at vozvyshennosti that in such places deities live location - cariacica role of Aboo due to the fact that it is a cult system is the most popular ritual complex in the traditional culture of the Buddhists.
The term "OBO" literally means "a pile of stones or stone conical mound with thrust into her trees,which are usually constructed on the place of prayer. The cult of Aboo always been mass,popularises Buddhist beliefs and practices, was purely social in nature, performing an important social function: marking of the tribal territory and the main milestones of the collective memory of generations, preservation of its integrity and continuity traditiile generation oboo also wears an environmental dimension - respect for the environment,to mother-prirodina prayers of believers always involves a request for the granting of welfare, torrential rain, dense crops and of the fat pastures.
Hambo Lama Damba Darzha Zayaev The first Pandito Hambo Lama Damba Darzha Zayaev is an outstanding religious and social person of XVIII century, one of the most famous in Buddhism. His name is linked with dissemination Buddha’s knowledge is Eastern Siberia, Transbaikal region and in Russia.
Zayaev is the representative of ethnic community “abagaad” according to his origin, which were moved from Mongolia to Transbaikal region. Hambo Lama was born in 1702 in family of Zaya Sahulaga, noion of Abagat. This gender together with other songol genders was moved in Chikoy’s and Selenga’s valleys from Tushetu- Khan aimag of Mongolia in the end of XVIII century. Sahulaga Zaya was settled on the right bank of Chikoy in 10 miles below settlement “Sagaan Chelutay” near “Otoson” hill. Until nowadays descendants who live in Kudara- Somon village (Kyahta region, Buraytia) and also in Mongolia (Ulan- Bator) have ancestry’s seven generations of Zayaev’s family notes.
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Настоящая презентация посвящена культурным и природным памятникам местности села Шарагол (Республика Бурятия, Кяхтинский район), материал подан на английском языке с красивыми фотографиями великих мест.
О известных местах рассказывается простым языком, адаптированном для школьников. Данная разработка может использоваться в качестве образца для элективного курса, связанного со страноведением или краеведением. Стоит заметить, что настоящая работа была представлена на Международной Научно- практической конференции учителей английского языка в г. Улан-Батор в марте 2014 года.
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