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Rules: In the English language, tenses play an important role in sentence formation. The tense of a verb shows the time of an event or action. There are four types of tenses. Simple, Perfect, Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous and each of these has a present, past and future form.
PRESENT TENSES SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE In Simple Present, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing being said about its completeness. In Present Continuous, the action is on-going/ still going on and hence continuous. In Present Perfect, the action is complete or has ended and hence termed Perfect. In Present Perfect Continuous, the action has been taking place for some time and is still ongoing. I eat. I sleep. I play. I am eating. I am sleeping. I am playing. I have eaten. I have slept. I have played. I have been eating. I have been sleeping. I have been playing.
PAST TENSES SIMPLE PAST TENSE PASTCONTINUOUS TENSE PASTPERFECT TENSE PASTPERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE In Simple Past, the action is simply mentioned and understood to have taken place in the past. In Past Continuous, the action was ongoing till a certain time in the past. Past Perfect is used to express something that happened before another action in the past. Past Perfect Continuous is used to express something that started in the past and continued until another time in the past. I ate. I slept. I played. I was eating. I was sleeping. I was playing. I had eaten. I had slept. I had played. I had been eating. I had been sleeping. I had been playing.
FUTURE TENSES SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE FUTURECONTINUOUS TENSE FUTUREPERFECT TENSE FUTUREPERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE Simple Future is used when we plan or make a decision to do something. Nothing is said about the time in the future. The future continuous tense is used to express action at a particular moment in the future. However, the action will not have finished at the moment. Future Perfect expresses action that will occur in the future before another action in the future. Future Perfect Continuous is used to talk about an on-going action before some point in the future. I will eat. I will sleep. I will play. I will be eating at 9 a.m. I will be sleeping when you arrive. I will be playing at 5 p.m. I will have eaten before 10 a.m. I will have slept before you arrive. I will have played before 6 p.m. I will have been sleeping for two hours when you arrive. I will have been playing for an hour when it is 5 p.m.
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