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The First Christmas
Long ago in a land far away….
An angel told Mary she would have a baby.
Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem.
There was no room at the inn.
They had to stay in a stable.
Baby Jesus was born that night.
Angels told the shepherds the good news.
Three wise men followed a star.
They brought gifts for the baby Jesus.
This was the very first Christmas.
Different places celebrate Christmas in different ways.
How we celebrate might change, but the reason we celebrate does not. Christians all over the world celebrate Christmas for the same reasons. …..The birth of Jesus.
Do you know the symbols of Christmas?
Why is a wreath the symbol of Christmas? It symbolizes the eternal love. Why are tinsels and ribbons the symbols of Christmas? Tinsel adds brightness to Christmas just as the many kindnesses we do for others bring brightness into their lives. The ribbon is tied into a bow to remind us that our lives are intertwined with each other, and the help we give others is constantly returned to us in different ways.
A Christmas candy cane is the symbol of Christmas because it represents the Shepherds crook. Jesus is our Shepherd who died for us. The gifts are the symbols of Christmas, because they represent the greatest gift of all – God’s Son.
A star is the symbol of Christmas. It tells about the birth of Jesus Christ. A Christmas tree. It indicates the everlasting hope of mankind. Red is the colour of Christmas. It reminds of the Blood of Jesus.
A bell. It proclaims the Good news. A candle. It shows that Jesus is the light to the world.
Why is the stocking the symbol of Christmas? It reminds of the legend about St Nicholas who dropped gold into a poor man’s window for his three daughters’ weddings. The gold fell into the stockings which were hung by the fireplace to dry.
How do the British celebrate Christmas?
The Christmas holiday begins on 24 December. Christmas Eve. People often stop work early and finish their Christmas shopping. Most people have 25 and 26 December off work, and many have a week off, from 25 December to 1 January.
Advent calendars are popular in December. You can count the days from the 1st of December to the 25th of December – Christmas Day. Every day you open a door and find a picture or a chocolate.
Children leave a stocking for Santa Claus when they go to bed. If the house has a fireplace, the children leave their stockings by the fire because Santa Claus comes down the chimney. Mothers and fathers tell their children that Santa Claus only comes when they are sleeping, but they do not usually sleep very well. If they are good children, he leaves presents in the stockings. ( If they are bad he leaves them a piece of coal!)
Some children leave a cup of milk and a mince pie or cookies for Santa and some vegetables for his animals. Animals??? What animals?
Santa Claus’ sleigh is led by nine reindeer: Dasher (Cтремительный), Dancer, Prancer (Cкакун), Vixen (Резвый), Comet, Cupid, Donner (Гром), Blitzen (Молния) and Rudolph.
Many people go to church at midnight on Christmas Eve. They hear the Christmas story and sing carols.
Children usually wake up very early on December, 25. They look in their stockings to see what Santa put there for them. After breakfast they open their other presents around the tree.
Christmas dinner is in the afternoon and is the biggest meal of the day. Before they start to eat, people pull crackers. The crackers make a loud noise, and have a small game and paper party hat inside.
People eat dinner and kiss. A kiss under the mistletoe is a Christmas tradition. .
Dinner is usually turkey with lots of winter vegetables followed by hot mince pies or Christmas pudding.
Pudding is traditionally "fired“ and brought to the table ceremoniously, and greeted with a round of applause. Pudding traditionally includes a small silver coin. The usual choice is a silver threepence or a sixpence. The coin is believed to bring wealth in the coming year.
‘I’m not edible!’
At three o’clock many people in Britain turn their televisions on because the Queen says ‘ Merry Christmas’ to everyone.
In the evening, people eat cold meat, and Christmas cake ( a kind of fruit cake), fruit and nuts, but they are usually not very hungry because of their big dinner.
Boxing Day (26 December) is also a holiday in Britain, but many shops now open on this day. In the nineteenth century, rich people gave boxes to their workers on Boxing Day, with Christmas presents inside. Now it is another day for eating and watching television at home.
In countries where Christmas falls on the warm season, flowers such as poinsettia are used instead of evergreens. Poinsettia is a name of Mexican origin and it means ‘flower of the Holy night’.
Brazil In Brazil they call Father Christmas ‘Papai Noel’ Christmas there is very hot because it comes at the beginning of their Summer. Father Christmas wears red silk because it is too hot for him to wear the same clothes as he does in the UK.
China How do Christians in China decorate their houses for Christmas? They use bright coloured paper lanterns to decorate for Christmas. They put candles inside and the light shines brightly through the coloured paper.
Christmas Day is not a public holiday in China like it is in England. People go to work and children go to school. This is because China is mainly a Buddhist country. Their biggest celebration is Chinese New Year which usually falls sometime in January or February. China Chinese children hang up stockings in the hope that Sheng Dan Lao Ren will visit them and fill them with presents.
Malta Do you know who preaches the sermon at Midnight Mass instead of the priest on Christmas Eve in Malta? It is a child aged between 7 and 10 years old. The child will be chosen from the altar servers months in advance and has to learn the 15 minute speech off by heart. Once they have finished their sermon they are given a gift by the parish priest which is usually a statue of the baby Jesus lying in a manger.
Norway It is traditional in Norway to ‘circle the tree’ before opening presents. Families stand in a big circle around the Christmas Tree, hold hands and walk or dance around the tree whilst singing Christmas carols.
Norway Every year the people of Oslo, Norway give London a huge Christmas tree which is put up in Trafalgar Square. During the Second World War King Haakon of Norway was forced out of the country when Hitler invaded and came to Britain. Since 1947 the British have been sent a giant Norwegian Spruce as a great big thank you for looking after him so well.
Australia What pulls Santa’s sleigh around Australia instead of Reindeer? CLUE Australians sometimes call these animals “Boomers”… Santa’s sleigh is pulled by six white kangaroos!
Australia It is summer in Australia at Christmas so it is very, very hot. Families often go to the beach on Christmas Day and instead of having a hot roast turkey dinner they have a barbeque!
Netherlands The main Christmas celebration in the Netherlands is on St. Nicholas’ feast day which is 6th December. Dutch people celebrate Sinterklaasavond which is like British Christmas Eve. Did you know? The name Santa Claus comes from the Dutch word for St. Nicholas – Sinterklaas.
Netherlands What do you think Dutch children leave instead of stockings for Sinterklaas to fill? On Sinterklaasavond children leave out their shoes in the hope that Sinterklaas will fill them with presents. They also leave a carrot with their shoes for Sinterklaas’ horse.
Germany German children also put their shoes out in the hopes that they will be filled with presents, just like Dutch children. If the children have been good when they come down on St. Nicholas’ Day their shoes will have been filled with sweets and chocolates. If the children have not been good then they might receive slaps by St. Nicholas’ companion Knecht Ruprecht.
St. Nicholas was born during the 3rd century, about 700 years ago. His parents were very wealthy and he was raised to be Christian. While St. Nicholas was still young both his parents died and left him all their money. Nicholas obeyed Jesus’ words to “sell what you own and give the money to the poor’ and he used ALL the money his parents had left him to help the poor, the sick and the suffering. He dedicated his whole life to serving God and became known throughout the land for his generosity to the those in need and for his love for children. St. Nicholas St. Nicholas’ Day is celebrated in many countries around the world on 6th December every year.
Christmas Quiz Which of these is not one of Santa’s reindeers? a. Dancer b. Zippy c. Rudolph d. Blitzen
Christmas Quiz Jesus was born in a. Galilee b. Nazareth c. Bethlehem d. Athens
Christmas Quiz Which animal is traditionally eaten for Christmas dinner? a. Duck b. Beef c. Rabbit d. Turkey
Christmas Quiz When Jesus was born, he was given a. flowers b. toys c. gifts d. sweets
Christmas Quiz On which day of the week is Christmas Day this year? a. Saturday b. Thursday c. Monday d. Tuesday
Christmas Quiz Which of these was not a gift from the three wise men? a. Myrrh b. Gold c. Frankincense d. Silver
Christmas Quiz At Christmas, it is traditional to exchange kisses under a. Ivy b. Yew c. Holly d. Mistletoe
Christmas Quiz Father Christmas in Brazil wears… a. Red wool b. Red silk c. Red fur d. Red cotton
The name Santa Claus comes from… Christmas Quiz a. the Dutch word b. the English word c. the German word d. the French word
What do the Dutch children leave for Sinterklaas to fill? Christmas Quiz a. shoes b. stockings c. schoolbags d. hats
Christmas Quiz What pulls Santa’s sleigh around Australia instead of Reindeer? a. Angels b. Kangaroos c. Snowmen d. Santa pulls it himself
Christmas Quiz Where did the Christmas Tree tradition originate from? a. Israel b. Germany c. Iceland d. Great Britain
Christmas Quiz How many reindeer does Santa have? a. 7 b. 8 c. 9 d. 10
Christmas Quiz What country gives London a huge Christmas tree? a. Germany b. Scotland c. Russia d. Norway
Christmas Quiz What flower is used as Christmas decoration in warm countries? a. holly b. poinsettia c. mistletoe d. thistle
Christmas Quiz The day before Christmas is called… a. Christmas Eve b. New Year c. Boxing Day d. Early Christmas
Christmas Quiz Traditional Christmas day royal broadcast is called a. The Queen’s Speech b. Christmas Day speech c. Santa’s greetings d. carols
Christmas Quiz Santa Claus’ sleigh is pulled by a. donkeys b. turkeys c. snowflakes d. reindeer
Christmas Quiz Where do people have a barbeque on Christmas Day? a. In Turkey b. In Germany c. In Australia d. In Russia
Christmas Quiz Where in London is the Christmas tree put up? a. Buckingham palace b. Piccadilly Circus c. Westminster Abbey d. Trafalgar Square
Christmas Quiz If the German children have not been good they might receive … a. Claps b. Bad toys c. A piece of coal d. Nothing
Christmas Quiz St Nicholas Day is celebrated a. December, 6th b. March, 1 c. January, 7th d. November, 30
Christmas Quiz St Nicholas is famous throughout the land for … a. His height b. A good sense of humour c. Generosity and love d. His long beard
Christmas Quiz Which of these is not a Christmas symbol? a. A star b. A bell c. A coin d. A Candle
Christmas Quiz On Boxing Day many shops… a. Open b. Close
Christmas Quiz If the British children are bad Santa leaves them … a. A piece of coal b. Dirty dishes c. nothing d. Books to read
Christmas Quiz …Christmas! a. Happy b. Merry c. Bright d. Good
Christmas Quiz Who preaches the sermon at Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve in Malta? a. A priest b. The Queen c. A child d. Allah
Christmas Quiz Where is it traditional to ‘circle the tree’ before opening presents? a. In France b. In Norway c. In Malta d. In Germany
Christmas Quiz Who do you think Sheng Dan Lao Ren is? a. Chinese Santa Claus c. German Santa Claus b. One of Santa’s reindeer d. Chinese snowman
Краткое описание документа:
Презентация по английскому языку на тему: "Рождество в разных странах". Количество слайдов - 89. Презентация кратко напоминает историю праздника, рассказывает как отмечают этот праздник в Великобритании. Также презентация знакомит с традициями празднования Рождества в других странах, а именно: в Бразилии, Китае, Мальте, Норвегии, Австрии, Австралии, Голландии, Германии. После ознакомления с основным материалом презентации, можно провести командное соревнование, проверить как усвоен материал. Участникам соревнования предлагается пройти три игровых раунда, по очереди отвечая на десять вопросов каждого раунда. Вопросы составлена на материале презентации.
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