Презентация по английскому языку на тему: Saint Andrew's Day
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Patronage - покровительство Manly- мужественный Fishmongers- торговец рыбой Maiden- незамужняя девушка The patronage of the saint whose name means 'manly' also covers fishmongers, singers, maidens, old maids and women wishing to become mothers. But just who was Saint Andrew and how did he become the patron saint of Scotland?
Jesus- Иисус Nets- рыболовная сеть Apostles - апостолы About Saint Andrew Andrew was a simple fisherman who lived with his brother Peter in Galilee. One day a man named Jesus came to him and his brother and asked them to follow Him – “I will make you fishers of men,” Jesus promised them. So the two men put down their nets and followed Jesus. Because Andrew was probably the first of the apostles, he is often spoken of as “The First-Called”.
Jesus commanded His apostles to “go into the world and preach the gospel to every creature. Andrew did exactly as he was asked – he preached in Greece and even travelled into Russia. But Andrew angered the Romans by talking about Jesus and His message. Finally, the Romans crucified him on an X-shaped cross (a “saltire cross”, which the Romans sometimes used for executions ). Preach- проповедовать Gospel- Евангелие Creature- существо Crucify- распять Execution- казнь
Why is St Andrew's symbol a white cross on a blue background? Story of Saint Andrew's Cross and the Flag of Scotland It is believed by generations of Scotsmen that the national flag, the white saltire cross on a blue ground originated in a battle fought in the Dark Ages between the Picts and Scots on one side and the Angles of Northumbria on the other. Around the time of the 8th century, an army of Picts and Scots under King Angus found themselves surrounded by a force of Angles under their leader Athelstan. King Angus prayed to God and the saints.
Martyr- мученик Adversarу- противник That night Saint Andrew appeared to the King and promised them victory. The next day, when battle began, the vision of the white saltire (the diagonal cross on which the Apostle Andrew had been martyred) was seen by all in the blue sky. This so encouraged the Picts and Scots and frightened their adversaries that a victory was won. Angus gave gifts to the church of Saint Regulus at St Andrews. He then ordered the Cross of Saint Andrew to be the badge of the Picts.
Emerg- появляться неожиданно Heraldic- геральдический Entitled- давать право In heraldry- геральдика Stitch- петля From that time Saint Andrew and his Saltire Cross were adopted as the national symbols for an emerging Scotland. It appears on the flags of Scotland and Great Britain. The blue stands for the sky. The Saltire Cross became the heraldic arms that every Scot is entitled to fly and wear. However, its colour was not white at first but silver, as in heraldry white stands for silver.
Andrew's significance to the Scots What, in practice, did Saint Andrew mean to the Scots? Saint Andrew is patron of Russia and Greece but has special significance for the Scots. The Scottish clergymen wrote the Declaration of Arbroath to Pope John XXII in 1320. The Declaration argues that the Scots were a distinct people who had long enjoyed the protection of Saint Andrew, brother of Saint Peter. Saint Andrew is described in the Declaration of Arbroath as "our patron or protector".
Flagpole- флагшток In January 2007, the St Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act was given royal assent, making 30 November (or the nearest Monday if a weekend) a bank holiday in Scotland. Although it is a bank holiday, banks are not required to close and employers are not required to give their employees the day off as a holiday. St Andrew's Day is an official flag day in Scotland. The Scottish Government’s flag-flying regulations state that the Flag of Scotland (The Saltire) shall fly on all its buildings with a flagpole. The Union Flag is also flown if the building has more than one flagpole. The arrangements for the United Kingdom Government in Scotland are the opposite. They fly the Union Flag, and will only fly the Saltire if there is more than one flagpole.
Recent Complain updated The flying of the Saltire on St Andrew's Day is a recent development. Prior to 2002, the Scottish Government followed the UK Government's flag days and would only fly the Union Flag on St Andrew's Day. This led to Members of the Scottish Parliament complaining that Scotland was the only country in the world that could not fly its national flag on its national day. The regulations were updated to state that the Union Flag would be removed and replaced by the Saltire on buildings with only one flagpole.
Regarded - считаться Crept up -подкрадываться Prickles-колючка Penetrated-проникать внутрь Yell – кричать The thistle is widely regarded as the emblem of Scotland. How the thistle became an emblem of Scotland? A legend tells of how a group of Scots were sleeping in a field when a group of Vikings crept up to attack. Fortunately one of the Vikings stood on a thistle, whose prickles penetrated through to his foot and made him yell with pain. His cries woke the sleeping Scots who were able to fight off their attackers. It is said that from this day the thistle has been adopted as Scotland's national emblem.
A Scottish girl about the holiday: “We are having a Scottish Day with a special Scottish Themed school dinner. We are all wearing tartan and have been taking part in Scottish themed lessons all week. We have looked at Scots language, highland dancing, poetry and writing. We have made Scottish art work and have decorated the hall with The St. Andrew's Cross flags. We are then having a Scottish afternoon with each class showing us what they have learned.
“We have designed our own tartan using different colours of paint, made pictures of bagpipes, kilts, flags and thistles. We have made shortbread and we are having a Scottish snack (haggis neaps and tatties) and we are having a visit from a lady who plays the bagpipes, she is coming in full Scottish dress and is also bringing chanters for the children to play. The children have also been asked to wear something tartan if they have it.”
A girl wishing to marry could: Throw a shoe at a door. If the toe of the shoe pointed in the direction of the exit, then she would marry and leave her parents' house within a year. Peel a whole apple without breaking the peel and throw the peel over the shoulder. If the peel formed a letter of the alphabet, then this suggested the name of her future groom.
Related traditions in Europe. In parts of Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Romania superstitious belief exists that the night before St. Andrew's Day is specially suitable for magic that reveals a young woman's future husband or that binds a future husband to her. Many related customs exist: for example, the pouring of hot lead into water (in Poland, one usually pours hot wax from a candle through a key hole into cold water), divining the future husband's profession from the shape of the resulting piece. In some areas in Austria, young women would drink wine and then perform a spell “Saint Andrew's prayer”, while nude and kicking a straw bed. This was supposed to magically attract the future husband. Yet another custom is to throw a clog over one's shoulder: if it lands pointing to the door, the woman will get married in the same year.
In some parts of the Czech Republic and Slovakia, young women would write down the names of potential husbands on little pieces of paper and stick these into little pieces of dough. When cooked, the first one to float to the surface of the water would reveal the name of their future husband. In Poland, it is popular for women to put pieces of paper (on which they have written potential husbands) under the pillow and first thing in the morning they take one out, which reveals the name of the future husband. In Romania, it is customary for young women to put 41 grains of wheat beneath their pillow before they go to sleep, and if they dream that someone is coming to steal their grains that means that they are going to get married next year. Also in some other parts of the country the young women light a candle from the Easter and bring it, at midnight, to a fountain. When the water is well-lit, they say a prayer to St. Andrew asking him to let them get a glimpse of the face of their future husband. St. Andrew is also the national saint of Romanians.
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Презентация на тему Saint Andrew's Day. Количество слайдов - 35. У каждой страны есть свои святые покровители. Например, у Англии это Святой Джордж, у Уэльса -Святой Давид, в Ирландии - Святой Патрик, а в Шотландии - это Святой Эндрью. Святой Эндрью (Андрей) также является покровителем Греции и России. Презентация дает возможность «погрузиться» в интереснейшую историю праздника. А также поможет развить социокультурную компетенцию – приобщить студентов, учеников к культуре, традициям и реалиям стран английского языка, сформировать умения выделять общее и специфическое в культуре родной страны и страны изучаемого языка.
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