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Timetable LUNCH Time → Day ↓ Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 9-10 History Biology Art English Computing 10-11 Geography Sport Science Computing Maths 11-12 Science Music English History Biology 13-14 Literature Art Handicraft Geography Literature 14-15 English Cooking Drama Maths Sport
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Schools in Britain Children in Britain start school when they are five and stay at school until they are sixteen or older. Many children attend nursery school from the age of about three, but they aren’t compulsory. Compulsory education begins at the age of five, when children go to primary school. It lasts for six years. They attend the infant school from five to seven and then junior school until they are eleven. Then pupils go to secondary school. Children study 10 subjects: English, mathematics, science, geography. history, art, music, physical education and a foreign language. Most secondary schools teach French and some schools offer Spanish, German, Italian and Russian. The first three are called «core» subjects.
After five years of secondary education, pupils take General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) examination. Most pupils take examinations in all subjects. Compulsory education ends at sixteen. Some people choose to stay at secondary school for a further two years. Other people leave secondary school at sixteen and go to colleges of further education. Higher education begins at eighteen and usually lasts for three or four years. Students go to universities, polytechnics or colleges of higher education. There are now about 80 universities. Some parents choose to send their children to private schools where they pay for their education. State education is free. More than 90% of Britain's children attend state schools.
The American School System 1. The American school system is divided into four levels: elementary, junior high school, high school and college. The first three are compulsion, foe fourth is optional. 2. Elementary school goes from kindergarten to fifth grade (6-10). Junior high school goes froth sixth to eighth grade (11-13). High school normally lasts for four years, from grades nine to twelve (14-18) 3. Student have to pass at the end of each school year in order grade level must complete the set if objectives which are required by the state 4. In theory, if the don’t complete these objectives, they may be required to do the same year again. In practice less than 5 per cent of students have to repeat the year
5. The teacher is the who assesses the student. The student’s placement is based on the teacher’s interpretation of the student’s ability 6. Students receive report cards about every nine weeks. They are not required fo take an end-of-year examination. 7 Basic education is compulsory ail states. Most children are required to attend school until the age sixteen. High school graduation is not mandatory. 8. American public schools at the primary and secondary level are run by foe local Board of Education and most of foe school funding is from foe state, and, theoretically, the federal government has no direct role in public education.
U.S. School System Name Of School GradeAgeof Subjects Students Nursery3-4Games, songs, creative playing Kindergarten K5-6Games, drawing, crafts, beginning reading and writing 1 6-7Reading, writing, spelling, adding, drawing, music 27-8English, subtraction, spelling, drawing, music 38-9 English, social studies, multiplication, music 49-10English, social studies, division 5 10-11English, social studies, fraction 611-12English, social studies, decimals, science Junior High or712-13English, social studies, math, science, foreign language, Middle School home economics 813-14 English, social studies, math, science, foreign language, home economics
High School9 14-15Core Courses:English, algebra, social studies, biology, Freshman or foreign language Ninth graderElectives:music, art, typing, bookkeeping, technical education, home economics, computer science, drama Sophomoreor1015-16CoreCourses:English, geometry, social studies, chemistry, Tenth grader foreign language Electives:music, art, typing, economics, technical education, home economics, computer science, drama Junior or1116-17CoreCourses:English, trigonometry, social studies, Eleven grader physics, foreign language Electives:music, art, typing, economics, technical education, home economics, computer science, drama Senior or1217-18CoreCourses:English, calculus, social studies, Twelfth grader foreign language Electives:music, art, typing, economics, technical education, home economics, computer science, drama
Children start school at the age of six in Russia. The course of studies at school is eleven years now: four years of primary school and seven years of secondary school. Previously it was only ten years: three years of primary school and seven years of secondary school. Children under the age of six are taken to crèches and nursery schools. There is a wide choice of schools nowadays: state schools, private schools, lyceums and gymnasiums. The majority of schools is free of charge, but in some (usually private ones) parents have to pay for the education of their children. In ordinary schools parents sometimes pay for additional subjects in the curriculum, such as a foreign language or arts. Though it is generally not a demand, most children can already read and write when they start their school: this makes education much easier for them. In primary school there are three or four lessons a day, they usually are Reading, Writing and Arithmetic. A lesson lasts forty minutes. During the first term children get used to learning and adapt to school regulations. Beginning with the second term of the first year at school, children also take Handicrafts, Drawing, Music and Physical Education. The list of subjects under study is further extended during the second, third and fourth years and includes the World History of Arts, Fundamentals of Security, History, Geography, and others. At primary schools all lessons are usually conducted by one teacher. Education in Russia
At the age of ten children pass to the second stage of education, known as secondary school. In secondary school there is a wide variety of subjects under study, and teachers specialize. The transition from primary to secondary school is sometimes difficult for children. After finishing the ninth form and getting the Certificate of Basic Secondary Education, schoolchildren may either continue their education m the tenth form, or leave school and go to technical (vocational) schools and colleges. After eleven years at school the school leavers take examinations and get the Certificate of Complete Secondary Education. Those who hue only excellent marks in the Certificate get a gold medal. Among higher educational establishments are institutes (colleges), academies and universities. The term of studying in higher school s from four to six years. Students can be involved in scientific research while studying. At the end of their final year at college, university or academy they take final examinations and get a diploma. Besides, they can take postgraduate courses in the chosen field.
BOOK-MANNERS If you scribble on your books, How disgustable it looks! Here a word, and there a scrawl, Silly pictures over all! Take a paper, or a slate. If you want to decorate! BOOKS What worlds of wonders are our books! As one opens them and looks, New ideas and people rise In our fancies and our eyes, The room we sit in melts away, And we find ourselves at play With someone who, before the end, May become our chosen friend.
BOOK LOOK Since books are friends. They need mush care. When you`re reading them Be good to them and fair. Use gook-marks, children, To hold your place, And it’s clear face. Remember, children, them: Books are meant to read: Books are meant to read, Not cut of colour them- No, really never indeed! SCHOOL IS OVER! School is over, Oh, what fun! Lessons finished, Play degun. Who’ll run fastest. You or I? Who’ll laugh loudest? Let us try.
The United Nations Convention on the Right of the Child All children have the right to non-discrimination. Children have the right to life. All children have the right to name and nationality at birth (при рождении) Children have the right to express their views. Children have the right to meet other people. Children have the right to privacy. Children have the right to information. Children have the right to protection. Disabled children have the right to take a full and active part in everyday life. Children have the right to health and health care. Children have the right to education and development. Children have the right to leisure.
Презентация по тме "Образование" включает материалы о системах образования в Великобритании, США и России. Показ, знакомство с новыми явлениями путем непосредсвенного восприятия является необходимым условием получения знаний как о самих явлениях, так и средствах языкового общения. Роль наглядности в форме презентации учебного материала очень эффективна. Сочетание слова учителя и наглядности - важное условие сознатиельного и прочного усвоения теоретического материала и овладения практическими навыками по иностранному языку. Данную презентацию можно использовать на уроках, посвященных объяснению нового материала, на уроках повторения и закрепления пройденного.
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