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SCHOOL EDUCATION IN BRITAIN
V O C A B U L A R Y Compulsory – обязательный Free (of charge) – бесплатный Infant – (зд.)подготовительный Junior – младший Nursery – детский сад Primary – начальный Secondary - средний Private – частный Public - общественный Public school – частная школа State school – государственная школа Boarding school – интернат All - boys school – школа для мальчиков Term - учебная четверть
basic features of the British Educational system: Education is compulsory from 5 to 16. The academic year begins in September and runs to early July. It has 3 terms, divided by the Christmas and Easter holidays ( besides, each school has “a half – term holiday”, lasting a few days or a week, in the middle of each term). Compulsory education is free of charge, but parents may spend money on educating their children if they want to. There are 3 stages of education. Children move from the first stage (primary) to the second stage (secondary) at the age of 11 or 12. The third stage is “further” education at university or college.
“E d u c a t i o n brings a child the world” Many British children start school at the age of 3 or 4 if there is a play school near their house. These schools are nursery and they are not compulsory. Children are taught to sing, draw, they play different creative games. Compulsory education begins at the age of 5, when children go to primary school.
P R I M A R Y E D U C A T I O N All children start primary school at the age of 5. Primary education lasts for six years. They attend the infant school from 5 to 7 and then junior school until they are 11. More than 90% of British children attend state schools where education is free. Some parents pay for their children to attend a private school. Private schools are called public schools. Most of them are boarding schools. In English schools pupils have to address men teachers “Sir” and women teachers “Miss” or “Mrs”.
The most famous public schools in Britain are Eton, Harrow, Winchester. A year at Eton costs 17,000 pounds. It is very old, and a lot of important people used to be students there. It is an all - boys school. Prince William, the Queen’s grandson, went to Eton too. IT'S INTERESTING
Core – обязательный Optional – по выбору (факультативный) Science – предметы естественно-научного цикла Arts –предметы гуманитарного цикла Tutor – преподаватель ( в Оксфорде и Кембридже) , закрепленный за студентами Gown – мантия ( одежда английских студентов и профессоров) V O C A B U L A R Y
Secondary Education After six years of primary education children take exams in core subjects and go to a secondary school. Children study compulsory (core) subjects: - English - Literature - Mathematics - IT (Information Technology) - Religious Education and optional courses: - one foreign language - one science subject - one art subject - History - Geography - PE (Physical Education) - Design and Technology
Types of secondary schools There are 3 types of state secondary schools in Britain. They are : grammar schools – for the most intelligent children; modern schools – for the less intelligent; 3. comprehensive schools – for children of all abilities. Grammar schools lead towards higher education, and the others give general or vocational education to prepare students for employment or for further technical education. About 7% of students go to private schools, where parents have to pay for their children. The most expensive private schools are called public schools.
SCHOOL UNIFORM A lot of people think that school uniforms in England are for the children from rich families at the country’s best schools. But it isn’t always true. In fact, uniforms first came to schools for poor because they were cheaper. Today a lot of British schools have uniforms. Usually they differ only in colours but include a blazer, a pullover, a shirt (a blouse), trousers (a skirt), tights or socks, shoes and boots, a scarf and gloves of a certain colour, a cap or a hat. School badge is on a cap and on a blazer’s pocket. One of the most important elements of the uniform is a school tie.
SECONDARY EDUCATION After five years of secondary education, pupils take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examination. Compulsory education ends at 16. Some people leave secondary school and go to colleges for further education. Some choose to stay at secondary school for two years more and prepare for a university.
M A R K S EXCELLENT VERY GOOD Satisfactory Poor Very poor Awful GOOD E N G L I S H R U S S I A N А*(star) Excellent - A Very good 5 B Good 4 C Satisfactory 3 D Poor 2 E Very poor 1 F Awful -
SCHOOL RULES EVERY BRITISH SCHOOL HAS ITS RULES, FOR EXAMPLE: - Be polite - Say hello when you see a teacher - Come to school on time - Stand up when a teacher comes into the class - Wear your school uniform - Don’t eat or drink in the classroom - Don’t run in the corridors - Don’t bring mobile phones to class - Don’t talk to people in lessons
CHECK YOURSELF : AGE OF PUPILS TYPE OF SCHOOL 3 - 5 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 7 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 – 11 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 – 16 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 – 18 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHECK YOURSELF: 1. Public school means that The school is private The school is for everybody 2. Boarding school means that Students live there There are only boys there It is abroad 3. Eton is A famous public school A famous state school 4. Core courses are Music, drama, home economics English, maths, IT. Well done ! Read once more
WORDS OF WISDOM for you 1. Live and learn. 2. It is never too late to learn. 3. It is never too late to mend. 4. Men learn while they teach. 5. Knowledge is power. 6. Practice is the best of all instructions. 7. Practice makes perfect. 8. Learn to write well, or not to write at all. 9. Language is the dress of thought. 10.Think before you speak. 11. Lost time is never found again.
Make up a story about your school and school life. Use these questions as a plan: Why is it necessary to have education? When does compulsory education start in Russia? How long does primary education last? How old were you when you started school? What form are you in? Which subjects do you study at school? Can you choose your subjects? What do you think is the most important subjects? Why? Do you have to wear a uniform? Are there school rules at your school? What is good in your school? What is bad? What are you going to do after finishing school?
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Данная презентация знакомит детей с основными чертами школьного образования в Великобритании: типами школ, ступенями обучения, предметами - обязательными /по выбору, школьными правилами, формой, оценками. На слайдах презентации есть необходимый лексический материал для понимания текстов по данной теме, составления устных и письменных высказываний о британских школах.В конце есть небольшой тест. Один из слайдов содержит пословицы о знаниях. Есть также вопросы, с помощью которых учащиеся могут составить рассказ о себе, своей школе , образовании в России, планах на будущее.