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A bit of Britain Great Britain is an island nation: it is located in the British Isles. This state has a surprisingly rich history. In ancient times, the island was inhabited by Celtic tribes. Once Britain was only a remote province of the vast Roman Empire, which undoubtedly influenced the development and formation of the future empire. Which is located on the islands of Great Britain? Great Britain is an island nation: it is located in the British Isles. What tribes inhabited the island in antiquity? In ancient times, the island was inhabited by Celtic tribes.
Geography United Kingdom situated in the north-western part of Europe and is located in the British Isles. Separates this state from the continent straits Pas-de-Calais and the English Channel. The area of the state is a little more than two hundred and forty-four thousand square kilometers. The structure of the UK consists of four administrative-political part, that, in fact, are historical national regions or countries. It - England, which is administratively divided into thirty-nine counties, six metropolitan counties and a special unit of Greater London, Wales, consisting of eight counties, Scotland, which included twelve regions (nine regions and three island territories), and Northern Ireland, consisting of the twenty-six counties Passages of the continent? Straits Pas-de-Calais and the English Channel.
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A little history The history of London is multifaceted and interesting. The oldest city in Europe was founded in 43 AD Megapolis, which today occupies 1706.8 km2, has grown from a settlement of about 1.6 km long and 0.8 km wide. Since the beginning of the birth of London was an important trading center and important port and 100 AD It became the capital of Britain. Even 100 years later, when Britain was divided into several parts, the Romans built a protective wall around the city, and today the tourists who go to London, can see its remains. A few centuries in a row London passed from hand to hand several times destroyed and rebuilt again, but did not stop to grow and build. In 1066 the city authorities passed to William the Conqueror, the construction of the famous Tower of London, which for many centuries legends, attracting the interest of tourists. Momentous in the history of London was the beginning of the eighteenth century, when, after the Great Plague and the Great Fire of London city has been completely rebuilt and began to wear the proud title of the capital of Scotland and England. Shopping center of Great Britain? Since the beginning of the birth of London was an important trading center and important port and 100 AD It became the capital of Britain.
Monetary unit: 1 pound Sterling (Pound) = 100 new penny Course: 1 GBP = 48.20 RUR After moving to the UK a decimal coinage system in February 1971 pennies he has been equal to 1/100 of a pound sterling. In what year have entered decimal monetary system in Great Britain? February 1971
British culture is rich in traditions and customs, and has a strong influence on the culture of the entire world community. The first is, of course, English, which is the state in many countries around the world and is considered to be the language of international communication. In addition, people who speak this language on the planet, there are over half a billion. What is Great Britain rich with and than exerts a great influence on society? British culture is rich in traditions and customs, and has a strong influence on the culture of the entire world community. UK State language? The first is, of course, English, which is the state in many countries around the world and is considered to be the language of international communication.
Britain has twice hosted Christianity. Initially Christianity brought by the Romans, then the pagans seized spiritual power, but on the border of 400 - 600 years, Christian missionaries had been sent to the island. He headed their monarch Augustine. Paganism was overcome. Solko of time Great Britain adopted Christianity? Britain has twice hosted Christianity
Vehicles London Transport for London - not just a means of transportation, and one of the main symbols of the city, especially in the case of double-decker buses, the world's oldest subway and busiest airport, Heathrow. Despite the impressive scale of the urban underground, divided into 6 zones, does not cause too much difficulty. In the first zone, i.e. in the center, concentrated all the sights of London. Those planning to frequently move around the city by metro, cheaper and more convenient to buy a ticket, which is valid for one or several days. Buses in the city quite a lot, and in the center you can see their schedules and routes of interest scheme. How to get paid for the driver or the cashier at the entrance. But it is worth remembering that the day when the streets are crowded, to get to places on time by bus is very difficult, so it is best to go on the subway. But buses go around the clock, so you can walk freely in the morning. The oldest subway in Great Britain? He world's oldest subway and busiest airport, Heathrow.
The history of money England In 1560, Elizabeth I held the currency reform, thus avoiding the depreciation of the coin, but increased inflation. All the old coins were replaced by new ones. In 1694, the Bank of England began to produce paper pounds - in the form of banknotes. In 1816, the gold standard was established in the United Kingdom Sovereign became the main monetary unit, which had 7.32 grams of pure gold. The pound sterling has held a leading position in the global economy as a reserve currency in the XVIII and XIX centuries. But after World War II, due to the intensification of the global arena, the United States, the pound lost its leading position. In 1971, England officially switched to decimal system - every pound became equated to 100 pence. «New» Until 1982, the inscription on the coins minted. In June 1972, he was introduced "floating rate", which is not supported by the Bank of England, and was determined solely on the results of trading on the foreign exchange market. In this regard, in 1976 the value of the pound has fallen less than two dollars, and in 1977 had reached its historical minimum of $ 1.72 per pound. When the floating rate has been entered? In 1971
Speaking of British culture, it should be noted that a significant contribution to its development have made many Indian immigrants, as well as many of those who have moved here from the Caribbean Who has made the significant contribution to cultural development in Great Britain?
UK Earth washed by the Atlantic Ocean and its seas - the Irish and the North, as well as the water of the English Channel, the North, St. George and the Pas-de-Calais. The coastline of the island to the south and north dissected bays, thereby forming a peninsula of Cornwall and Wales. The landscape of the country is quite diverse. Northern England and Scotland represent a mountainous area, and the southern lands, or so-called Low Britain - hilly plains, long ago became the prototype for the typical landscape of England. What two peninsulas in Great Britain exist? Cornwall and Wales
The UK was formed in 1801, when England were united, Scotland, Wales and Ireland into a single state entity. In the early twentieth century, Southern Ireland gained its independence and seceded from the United Kingdom. The UK was formed in 1801, when England were united, Scotland, Wales and Ireland into a single state entity. In what year Great Britain has been formed?
London Attractions Tower of London and Tower Bridge - the most popular attractions of the city and its symbols. They could not be better able to tell about the history of London. The oldest castle tower today is a historic center of the capital. There is hardly a tourist who has not heard about the Big Ben - third of the world's clock tower height. "Big Ben" - the name of the biggest bell in the vast Palace of Westminster clock, which weighs 13 tons. Amazingly beautiful and charming with its grandeur collegiate church of Westminster Abbey, built in Gothic style and is located in an area of London called Westminster. In the temple you can see the tomb of the most famous people of England: the kings, generals, artists. In the same area is Buckingham Palace - the residence of British monarchs. Here are the most important receptions, official ceremonies and banquets. Each year, the residence is visited about 50 000 guests invited to the royal ceremonies and receptions. Around Buckingham Palace extends the largest private garden in London. The main museum of the United Kingdom and one of the largest museums in the world - the British Museum. It contains the main treasure of England - the British Museum Library. The most popular sights of the city and its symbols? Tower of London and Tower Bridge
Features of treatment and type of external currency Currently, the British pound sterling is strong enough, it ranks third in size of foreign exchange reserves after the US dollar and the euro. UK although part of the European Union, but it joined the euro zone. And, apparently, it is not going to do it, because for the British pound - a national pride, a symbol of the former world domination of England. Pound sterling for Great Britain it? А national pride, a symbol of the former world domination of England.
In its political structure Britain is a democratic country. In Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own separate government, but the supreme authority in the entire kingdom is the Parliament. Who has made the significant contribution to cultural development in Great Britain? In its political structure Britain is a democratic country The supreme body of the kingdom? Parliament
The UK covers a dense network of picturesque rivers connected channels, many of which were built a long time ago. Mountain areas are mostly pasture for sheep, and the plains are occupied by meadows and arable land. The famous oak and beech forests (sometimes with birch groves) take-nine percent of the total territory of the United Kingdom. What occupies nine percent from the general territory of Great Britain? The famous oak and beech forests
In the early eighteenth century, Britain became a strong naval power and is rapidly on the path of economic development, it is transformed into industrialized countries. At the beginning of what century Great Britain becomes the strong naval power? In the early eighteenth century
Middle Ages The story of medieval London to start since 1066, when William the Conqueror became king of England. The coronation took place in the newly erected Westminster Abbey (Westminster Abbey). When William London became the largest and richest city in the kingdom. In 1176 he was elevated to London Bridge - a stone bridge over the River Thames, the city's only until the end of the 18th century. 15 years later, King Richard I gave London the right to self-government, and a year later the first mayor was elected. In 1565 it was organized by the Royal Exchange, which played the role of trade center. A famous theater "Globus» (The Globe Theatre), which held the premiere of most of Shakespeare's plays was built in 1599. Surrounded by walls, City of London lived by its own rules, customs and laws. As a result of the central part of the city got the name «City», has survived to the present day. Like most medieval towns, the central part of the city occupied the highway Cheapside, performs the role of the market square. It housed the house of wealthy citizens, and fountains with drinking water were placed in the middle. In what year London Bridge has been built? In 1176 he was elevated to London Bridge - a stone bridge over the River Thames, the city's only until the end of the 18th century.
In England there is no denomination banknotes at £ 100, because 50 pounds and so is approximately 100 US dollars. Pound sterling - the most expensive currency in the world. Moreover, the British are suspicious and a fifty denominations - you may even be suspected of money laundering. Apparently, this is due to the fact that in the UK the majority of purchases is made by bank transfer. The most expensive currency in the world? Pound sterling
United Kingdom includes such subjects as: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and several overseas territories, is quite distant from the Albion. As a member of NATO and the European Union, the United Kingdom is not included, however, in the euro zone. UK fails for many years to maintain the national currency - the pound sterling. What subjects are included by Great Britain? United Kingdom includes such subjects as: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and several overseas territories, is quite distant from the Albion National valayuta of Great Britain? UK fails for many years to maintain the national currency - the pound sterling. UK fails for many years to maintain the national currency - the pound sterling.
UK climate. Britain called the country of fog and rain. The country's climate varies depending on the region. In England the climate is mild and humid, due to the relative warmth of the seas washing it. The average annual temperature is around + 11 ° C in the south and 9 ° C in the northeast. Scotland is the coldest region of the UK. In the mountains in the north with snow from November to April-May. Climate Wales and Northern Ireland is mild and humid. The average annual temperature of Northern Ireland is + 10 ° C. The most rainfall in Scotland, Northern Ireland and the mountains in England and Wales (1000-1500 mm per year). The least amount of rainfall in the south-east of England (600-750 mm per year). Flora. Vegetation England rather poor, are the most common oak, birch, pine. In Scotland, the forest is more common, although the region is dominated by heathland. Mainly in the forests in the south and east are growing oak trees and conifers - spruce, pine and larch. The forest is mainly deciduous Wales - ash, oak. In mountainous areas, common conifers. Country of fogs and rains? Great Britain
In the mid-twentieth of the XX century Britain experienced a severe recession. It changed its economic structure of the country and survives due to the development of such industries in the service sector, such as tourism, financial, consulting and educational services. Internal instability added that after the Second World War there was a migration and an influx of blacks, which increased unemployment. What has happened to Great Britain after World War II? Аfter the Second World War there was a migration and an influx of blacks, which increased unemployment.
Buckingham Palace in London (English title Buckingham Palace) is the official residence of British monarchs (now Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II). Located opposite the Palace Green Park Street and Pall Mall in the vicinity of the monument to Queen Victoria. During his stay in the palace of the monarch, on the roof always flies the Royal Standard. Official residence of the British monarchs? Оfficial residence of British monarchs
Traditionally, on the front side of the banknotes portrayed Queen Elizabeth II, and on the back - outstanding British. On the reverse side of the banknote 5 pounds depicts Elizabeth Fry (reformer of the prison system in the United Kingdom), 10 pounds - Charles Darwin (the author of the theory of evolution). Sir Edward Elgar (the composer) is located at 20 pounds the old model, the new model - Adam Smith (the father of economic science). At 50 pounds adorns the first president of the Bank of England - Sir John Houblon. The coins are also represented Elizabeth II. What is represented on a banknote of sterlings? Traditionally, on the front side of the banknotes portrayed Queen Elizabeth II, and on the back - outstanding British
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