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Призентация по англискому языку Modals

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Modal Auxiliaries present and future: Ability Can and be able to Be able to i...
Certainty and uncertainty Must and can't These are used to make deductions, w...
May, might and could These all express uncertainty or possibility. They are u...
May is used to express although clauses ( but, however, although, though, etc...
Could is used: Possibility or uncertainty This could be the house. With compa...
shall Shall can be used with all persons to emphasise something which the spe...
Will Will is used to express assumption. -- The phone is ringing. --That will...
Would Would can refer to an annoying event, typical of a person. James would...
Would can be used with ‘be’ followed by an adjective doubtful, unlikely to em...
Need It is used as a normal verb. Do you need to use the photocopier? used as...
. be bound to This refers to the future, whereas must refers to the present....
Obligation Must and have to Have to describes obligations made by someone els...
Mustn’t and don't have to Mustn't describes something which is not allowed or...
Should and ought to These have the same meaning. They describe 'what is a goo...
Should is used As expectation Should can also describe actions we expect to h...
Uncertainty Should I leave these papers on your desk? With be and adjectives...
Had better This refers to present or future time, and gives advice about how...
Is / Are to This is used in formal instructions. Not is stressed. No one is t...
Be careful with these; Most modal auxiliaries have more than one meaning. You...
exercises Choose the most suitable word or phrase. There's someone at the doo...
2. Don't worry, you …………… pay now. A) don't have to B) mustn't C) can’t D) m...
I think you …………… take a pullover with you.It may get colder later. A) had be...
Sorry, I can't stay any longer. I …………… . A) have to go B) might go C) can g...
It's a school rule, all the pupils ………a uniform. A) have to wear B) must wear...
Let us tell Diana. She .............. know. A) could not B) might not D) must...
Don't stand up in the boat! You ……....... fall in the river! A) might B) must...
13.	You really.................. start spending more time on your work. A) mi...
15. That's a really stupid idea! You .................. be serious, surely!...
17.	Don't be silly. You .................. expect me to believe you! A) might...
19.	Me learn to fly! You .................. be kidding! A) might B) can’t C)...
21. I don’t think you …………… tell anyone yet. A) could B) should C) might D) c...
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Modal Auxiliaries present and future: Ability Can and be able to Be able to i
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Modal Auxiliaries present and future: Ability Can and be able to Be able to is used in situations where can does not have the necessary grammatical form. I'd like to be able to swim. Not being able to swim is annoying. Can is also used with ‘be’ to make criticisms. You can be really annoying, you know! Can is used with ‘be’ for capability. Winter here can be really cold. Fenerbahce stadium can take 30 thousand people.

№ слайда 2 Certainty and uncertainty Must and can't These are used to make deductions, w
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Certainty and uncertainty Must and can't These are used to make deductions, when we are more or less certain about something, especially with the verb to be. You must be tired after your journey. (I suppose you are) That can't be Sue. She's in Brazil. (I'm sure it's impossible) The plane must arrive soon.

№ слайда 3 May, might and could These all express uncertainty or possibility. They are u
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May, might and could These all express uncertainty or possibility. They are usually stressed in speech. Might is less likely than may. May and might express possibility or uncertainty The committee may find a solution to the problem. · Could is not used with not in this context. It may not rain. I might go out, I don't know. I could get wet!

№ слайда 4 May is used to express although clauses ( but, however, although, though, etc
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May is used to express although clauses ( but, however, although, though, etc…) He may be the boss, but that is no excuse for shouting like that. May / might as well describe the only thing to do, something which the speaker is not enthusiastic about. Nobody else is going to turn up now for the lesson, so you may as well go home. With an idiomatic expression with ‘try’, using may for the present reference, and might for the past reference. Try as I might, I couldn’t pass my driving test. (Although I tried hard, I couldn’t pass my driving test.)

№ слайда 5 Could is used: Possibility or uncertainty This could be the house. With compa
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Could is used: Possibility or uncertainty This could be the house. With comparative adjectives to express possibility or impossibility. The situation could be worse. It could be better. To make suggestions. We could eat at home tonight. To express unwillingness. I couldn’t possibly leave Tom here on his own.

№ слайда 6 shall Shall can be used with all persons to emphasise something which the spe
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shall Shall can be used with all persons to emphasise something which the speaker feels is certain to happen or wants to happen. I shall definitely give up smoking this year. We shall win. ( it is stressed in the sentence) Shall is used in formal rules and regulations. No player shall knowingly pick up or move the ball of another player.

№ слайда 7 Will Will is used to express assumption. -- The phone is ringing. --That will
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Will Will is used to express assumption. -- The phone is ringing. --That will be for me. Will and Won’t is used emphatically to tell someone of the speaker’s intention, or to forbid an action, in response to a will expression. -- I will take the money anyway ! -- You won’t ! -- I will ! And I won’t can mean ‘I refuse.’ I will can mean ‘I insist.’ -- I won’t do it! -- Yes, you will!

№ слайда 8 Would Would can refer to an annoying event, typical of a person. James would
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Would Would can refer to an annoying event, typical of a person. James would get lost, wouldn’t he! It is typical! Would also expresses certainty, where the sentence is a hidden conditional sentence. Nobody would agree with that idea. ( if we asked them) Life wouldn’t be worth living without you. ( if you weren’t there.)

№ слайда 9 Would can be used with ‘be’ followed by an adjective doubtful, unlikely to em
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Would can be used with ‘be’ followed by an adjective doubtful, unlikely to emphasise an uncertain action. Also after doubt in the same way. It is unlikely that Jane would do something like that. I doubt whether Heidi would know the answer.

№ слайда 10 Need It is used as a normal verb. Do you need to use the photocopier? used as
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Need It is used as a normal verb. Do you need to use the photocopier? used as a modal verb, but in questions and negatives. Need you make so much noise? You don’t need to come to school.

№ слайда 11 . be bound to This refers to the future, whereas must refers to the present.
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. be bound to This refers to the future, whereas must refers to the present. You 're bound to see Paula If you go there. {I'm sure you will) You must see Paula if you go there. (An obligation)

№ слайда 12 Obligation Must and have to Have to describes obligations made by someone els
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Obligation Must and have to Have to describes obligations made by someone else, while must is used to describe a personal obligation. There may be no difference. You must start working harder! (I say so) You have to turn left here. (It's the law) Sorry, I must leave / have to leave now. (No difference)

№ слайда 13 Mustn’t and don't have to Mustn't describes something which is not allowed or
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Mustn’t and don't have to Mustn't describes something which is not allowed or an obligation not to do something. You mustn't leave any bags here. (It's against the rules) You mustn’t leave the class before the end of the test. Don't have to describes something which is not necessary or absence of obligation. You don't have to apply yet. (It's not necessary)

№ слайда 14 Should and ought to These have the same meaning. They describe 'what is a goo
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Should and ought to These have the same meaning. They describe 'what is a good idea' and can be used to give advice, or polite instructions. I think you should see a doctor You ought not to continue. You should send in your application by July 18th.

№ слайда 15 Should is used As expectation Should can also describe actions we expect to h
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Should is used As expectation Should can also describe actions we expect to happen. Brenda should be home by now. (She is expected to be) As recommendation. I think you should talk it over with your parents. As a strong obligation politely, in writing. Guests should vacate their rooms by midday. As criticism You shouldn’t eat so much late at night.

№ слайда 16 Uncertainty Should I leave these papers on your desk? With be and adjectives
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Uncertainty Should I leave these papers on your desk? With be and adjectives describing change like odd, strange, funny and with the expression ‘ what a coincidence!’ It is strange that you should be staying in the same hotel. To emphasise unlikelihood with ‘in case’ I am taking an umbrella in case it should rain. 

№ слайда 17 Had better This refers to present or future time, and gives advice about how
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Had better This refers to present or future time, and gives advice about how to stop something going wrong. I think you'd better leave now. (Before it is too late) You 'd better not drive. (It might be dangerous)  

№ слайда 18 Is / Are to This is used in formal instructions. Not is stressed. No one is t
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Is / Are to This is used in formal instructions. Not is stressed. No one is to leave the room. You are not to leave the room.

№ слайда 19 Be careful with these; Most modal auxiliaries have more than one meaning. You
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Be careful with these; Most modal auxiliaries have more than one meaning. You may have to think carefully about the context to understand the meaning. The negative forms mustn't and don't have to have different meanings. You mustn't go. (It is against the rules) You don't have to go. (It isn't necessary) Should is a weaker obligation than must and have to.

№ слайда 20 exercises Choose the most suitable word or phrase. There's someone at the doo
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exercises Choose the most suitable word or phrase. There's someone at the door. It ………….. postman. He always comes at this time. A) can be B) must be C) might be D) should must be

№ слайда 21 2. Don't worry, you …………… pay now. A) don't have to B) mustn't C) can’t D) m
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2. Don't worry, you …………… pay now. A) don't have to B) mustn't C) can’t D) mightn’t Don’t have to

№ слайда 22 I think you …………… take a pullover with you.It may get colder later. A) had be
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I think you …………… take a pullover with you.It may get colder later. A) had better B) would better C) would rather D) would like Had better  Jones …………… president if Smith has to resign since he is the only one who can handle the pressures of the public. A) could be B) must be C) had to be D) were to Must be

№ слайда 23 Sorry, I can't stay any longer. I …………… . A) have to go B) might go C) can g
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Sorry, I can't stay any longer. I …………… . A) have to go B) might go C) can go D) may go  have to go It was 5 o'clock an hour ago. Your watch ………….right. A) can't be B) mustn't be C) needn’t D) doesn’t have to be  can’t be

№ слайда 24 It's a school rule, all the pupils ………a uniform. A) have to wear B) must wear
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It's a school rule, all the pupils ………a uniform. A) have to wear B) must wear C) can wear D) are allowed to wear Have to wear I suppose that our team ………….. but I'm not sure. A) must win B) should win C) have to win D) is allowed to win Should win

№ слайда 25 Let us tell Diana. She .............. know. A) could not B) might not D) must
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Let us tell Diana. She .............. know. A) could not B) might not D) must not D) need not Might not In my opinion, the government .......... something about this. A) might do B) should do C) Could do D) may do Should do

№ слайда 26 Don't stand up in the boat! You ……....... fall in the river! A) might B) must
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Don't stand up in the boat! You ……....... fall in the river! A) might B) must C) should D) are able to might 12. Sue says she's stuck in the traffic and she.................. be late. A) might B) must C) ought to D) should might

№ слайда 27 13.	You really.................. start spending more time on your work. A) mi
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13. You really.................. start spending more time on your work. A) might B) must C) can D) could  must 14. Tell Peter he.................. stay the night here if he wants to. A) might B) must C) should D) ought to might

№ слайда 28 15. That's a really stupid idea! You .................. be serious, surely!
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15. That's a really stupid idea! You .................. be serious, surely! A) might B) must C) mustn’t D) can’t  can’t 16. You ......... ....... realise it, but this is very important to me. A) mightn’t B) mustn’t C) can’t D) shouldn’t mightn’t

№ слайда 29 17.	Don't be silly. You .................. expect me to believe you! A) might
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17. Don't be silly. You .................. expect me to believe you! A) mightn’t B) can’t C) mustn’t D) shouldn’t  can’t 18. We're not sure but we.................. go to Prague for Christmas this year. A) might B) must C) should D) ought to might

№ слайда 30 19.	Me learn to fly! You .................. be kidding! A) might B) can’t C)
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19. Me learn to fly! You .................. be kidding! A) might B) can’t C) must D) mustn’t  must 20. Bill cooked the lunch, so you .................. expect anything special!' A) mightn’t B) might C) shouldn’t D) can shouldn’t

№ слайда 31 21. I don’t think you …………… tell anyone yet. A) could B) should C) might D) c
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21. I don’t think you …………… tell anyone yet. A) could B) should C) might D) can  should 22. I …………. possibly leave without paying. A) couldn’t B) shouldn’t C) mustn’t D) don’t have to Could not

№ слайда 32
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