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Учителям 1-11 классов и воспитателям дошкольных ОУ вместе с ребятами рекомендуем принять участие в международном конкурсе «Законы экологии», приуроченном к году экологии. Участники конкурса проверят свои знания правил поведения на природе, узнают интересные факты о животных и растениях, занесённых в Красную книгу России. Все ученики будут награждены красочными наградными материалами, а учителя получат бесплатные свидетельства о подготовке участников и призёров международного конкурса.
ПРИЁМ ЗАЯВОК ТОЛЬКО ДО 21 ОКТЯБРЯ!
Конкурс "Законы экологии"
Призентация по англискому языку Modals
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Modal Auxiliaries present and future: Ability Can and be able to Be able to is used in situations where can does not have the necessary grammatical form. I'd like to be able to swim. Not being able to swim is annoying. Can is also used with ‘be’ to make criticisms. You can be really annoying, you know! Can is used with ‘be’ for capability. Winter here can be really cold. Fenerbahce stadium can take 30 thousand people.
Certainty and uncertainty Must and can't These are used to make deductions, when we are more or less certain about something, especially with the verb to be. You must be tired after your journey. (I suppose you are) That can't be Sue. She's in Brazil. (I'm sure it's impossible) The plane must arrive soon.
May, might and could These all express uncertainty or possibility. They are usually stressed in speech. Might is less likely than may. May and might express possibility or uncertainty The committee may find a solution to the problem. · Could is not used with not in this context. It may not rain. I might go out, I don't know. I could get wet!
May is used to express although clauses ( but, however, although, though, etc…) He may be the boss, but that is no excuse for shouting like that. May / might as well describe the only thing to do, something which the speaker is not enthusiastic about. Nobody else is going to turn up now for the lesson, so you may as well go home. With an idiomatic expression with ‘try’, using may for the present reference, and might for the past reference. Try as I might, I couldn’t pass my driving test. (Although I tried hard, I couldn’t pass my driving test.)
Could is used: Possibility or uncertainty This could be the house. With comparative adjectives to express possibility or impossibility. The situation could be worse. It could be better. To make suggestions. We could eat at home tonight. To express unwillingness. I couldn’t possibly leave Tom here on his own.
shall Shall can be used with all persons to emphasise something which the speaker feels is certain to happen or wants to happen. I shall definitely give up smoking this year. We shall win. ( it is stressed in the sentence) Shall is used in formal rules and regulations. No player shall knowingly pick up or move the ball of another player.
Will Will is used to express assumption. -- The phone is ringing. --That will be for me. Will and Won’t is used emphatically to tell someone of the speaker’s intention, or to forbid an action, in response to a will expression. -- I will take the money anyway ! -- You won’t ! -- I will ! And I won’t can mean ‘I refuse.’ I will can mean ‘I insist.’ -- I won’t do it! -- Yes, you will!
Would Would can refer to an annoying event, typical of a person. James would get lost, wouldn’t he! It is typical! Would also expresses certainty, where the sentence is a hidden conditional sentence. Nobody would agree with that idea. ( if we asked them) Life wouldn’t be worth living without you. ( if you weren’t there.)
Obligation Must and have to Have to describes obligations made by someone else, while must is used to describe a personal obligation. There may be no difference. You must start working harder! (I say so) You have to turn left here. (It's the law) Sorry, I must leave / have to leave now. (No difference)
Mustn’t and don't have to Mustn't describes something which is not allowed or an obligation not to do something. You mustn't leave any bags here. (It's against the rules) You mustn’t leave the class before the end of the test. Don't have to describes something which is not necessary or absence of obligation. You don't have to apply yet. (It's not necessary)
Should is used As expectation Should can also describe actions we expect to happen. Brenda should be home by now. (She is expected to be) As recommendation. I think you should talk it over with your parents. As a strong obligation politely, in writing. Guests should vacate their rooms by midday. As criticism You shouldn’t eat so much late at night.
Uncertainty Should I leave these papers on your desk? With be and adjectives describing change like odd, strange, funny and with the expression ‘ what a coincidence!’ It is strange that you should be staying in the same hotel. To emphasise unlikelihood with ‘in case’ I am taking an umbrella in case it should rain.
Be careful with these; Most modal auxiliaries have more than one meaning. You may have to think carefully about the context to understand the meaning. The negative forms mustn't and don't have to have different meanings. You mustn't go. (It is against the rules) You don't have to go. (It isn't necessary) Should is a weaker obligation than must and have to.
I think you …………… take a pullover with you.It may get colder later. A) had better B) would better C) would rather D) would like Had better Jones …………… president if Smith has to resign since he is the only one who can handle the pressures of the public. A) could be B) must be C) had to be D) were to Must be
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