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Проектная работа по английскому языку на тему "Молодёжные организации Великобритании и России"

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Municipal educational institution

Secondary school № 3”









PROJECT WORK

Youth organizations and movements of the UK and Russia”









Authors:

Ozhog Anastasiya

Smirnova Kristina

Smykova Veronika



Teacher:

Belova Elena











Yaroslavl, 2016

Contents



  • Introduction



  • Youth movements in the UK and in Russia



  • Timur work in our school



  • Voluntary work in our school



  • Conclusion



  • List of references

































Introduction

Youth and youth movement over decades have become important factors in the life of both countries. Numerous youth organizations have been formed since World War I, uniting people from all classes and sections of the population. Youth movement is nit free of some problems, which result from a number of factors, depending on grounds, on which the organization was formed. Young people are active participants in their own history. Past generations of radical students have played a part in protests and revolutions against the existing order and society. A youth movement in this sense has an ideological or political character. At the same time ordinary young people usually belong to a youth movement through membership of an adult-led, voluntary youth organization. There are also fashion-led “youth cultures”, identified by types of dress, music and language. The term “youth movement” is so wide that it can refer to Punk Rockers as well as the Young Conservatives. The aim of our project work is to study the issue of youth movement and youth organizations, their role in the society of the UK and Russia. Our primary goals are to identify the most common British and Russian youth organizations, to study the experience of our school in implementing Timur movement, to present the experience of our school as part of the volunteer work. In our project work we used such sources as periodical press, linguistic and cultural guides, the Internet sources, interview.















Youth movements in the UK and in Russia

There are many national organizations in the UK that have been established to provide services to people under the age of 18. Nowadays there are more than 60 youth organizations in Great Britain. All of them can be divided into three large groups: non-political organizations, youth organizations associated with political parties, youth organizations controlled by religious bodies. The two largest non-political youth organizations are the associations of Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides. It is a voluntary, non-formal educational charity movement for young people. We can also observe Navigators UK. It’s more community and family focused version of Scouting. The Woodcraft Folk: the aim is to educate and empower young people to be able to participate actively in society, improving their lives and others. Boys’ Brigade has to combine drill and fun activities with Christian values. Camping Club Youth offers young people to take part in camping and outdoors activities. There are also different political movements such as Conservative Future, Liberal Youth, Young Labour, etc. Russia has a number of organizations and structures in place to provide a stepping stone for young people to their adult life. Youth organizations are more numerous in modern Russia than in Soviet times, but more insular, so as result are less attended by children. Certain groups can be joined by foreign nationals, while others are usually only suitable for Russian citizens. Nowadays all children’s organizations can be divided into eight big groups. Pioneer movement carries forward the fine tradition of pioneering, the collective creative activity. Scouting began the revival of the Scout movement in Russia. There are three parallel All-Russian Scout organizations. They vary in shape, ideology, methods of work and structure of the organization. Historical and cultural tourist-regional association have the activities that are aimed at reviving the traditions and customs of the national culture, the study of the history of the country. Military-patriotic movement is focused on the study and revival of martial and heroic traditions of the country, training of young people for military service, civic and patriotic education. Environmental associations are involved in environmental activities and environmental education. Social Rehabilitation and volunteer organizations are focused on a wide range of service to society movements that are engaged in volunteering, charity work, and assistance to the disabled, veterans and orphans. It also includes Timur work. Associations of training are aimed at building a professional career. Children associations are aimed at the spiritual and moral upbringing of the younger generation.











































Timur work in our school

The groups of youth organizations of the UK and Russia have a lot in common. They have the same aims. Volunteer work occupies a large place in the life of modern youth. The world’s first voluntary youth organization was the Church-based Boys’ Brigade, founded in Glasgow, Scotland , in 1883 by William Alexander Smith and dedicated to religious education and developing the habits of obedience, reverence, discipline, self-respect, and all that tends towards a true Christian manliness. In Russia in all times people would help each other. By the time of the 1917 Revolution many traditions of such help had developed within every estate and in society as a whole. New time brought new forms of voluntary work. We mean Timur work. The idea of the movement was borrowed from the popular novel “Timur and his Team” by A. Gaidar. The main characters did good deeds: helped the families of the Red Army soldiers and combated the local gangs. That movement became very popular among young people. During the Great Patriotic War teams of Timur movement helped the families of Soviet soldiers, did large amount of unskilled work: cleaning railways from snow, preparing firewood, loading and unloading cargo, etc. Their activities were widely reported in newspapers and radio. After World War II Timur work was included in Pioneer movement and became compulsory for all Pioneer organizations. There was also no exception for our school. At the end of 1970s and in the 1980s Timur work in our school was under the guidance of Elena Konstantinovna Istratii. Nowadays she is a headmaster of our school. We decided to ask her a few questions about her work.

  • Elena Konstantinovna, we’re working on the project devoted to youth organizations. We know that our school took part in Timur work. Would you be so kind to answer some of our questions?

  • Of course, with great pleasure.

  • When did our school take part in Timur work?

  • Timur work was a part of Pioneering movement. Our school had been taking part in that activity since its foundation. As for me, I started to work as a pioneer leader. That’s why taking part in that work was my duty. Timur movement ceased to exist at the very beginning of 1990s.

  • What did you and young pioneers do?

  • The students of our school visited the families of the Soviet Army soldiers, the veterans of the Great Patriotic War, orphan homes; helped to gather harvest, planted trees and so on. They also made the territory of our school and district clean. Sometimes we helped to gather the harvest.

  • What did the students like to do most of all?

  • Their favourite activity was visiting orphanages. They prepared presents for children and played theatrical performances.

  • Are there any photos from those times?

  • Yes, there are few. Photos were rather rare. Some of them are in our school museum.

  • Nowadays students of our school do volunteer work. What do you want to wish them?

  • First of all I want to thank them, thank their families for their work. They are doing the right thing. We have done a lot and we want to do more. I wish us to continue helping those who need our help.

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Making the territory of our school clean.

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Gathering the harvest.



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Preparing for the concert for veterans.

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Building famous school greenhouse.































Voluntary work in our school

Timur movement ceased to exist with the collapse of the USSR and liquidation of Pioneering. In modern Russia Timur movement is preserved in some regions. Our school partly continues the tradition of Timur movement. Teachers and students of our school take part in voluntary work. For many years our school has been doing good deeds. We collected humanitarian assistance to refugees and people affected by the terrorist attacks. We collected gifts for the baby houses. We visited orphanages and gave gifts to children on New Year’s Day. It has become a tradition to collect food and toys for animal shelters. We want to continue to do volunteer work. We have everything to do it: our loving hearts, our open souls and our great wish to bring kindness.



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Christmas presents for the children from the orphan home





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Hygiene supplies for the orphan home



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Food for the shelter for cats and dogs







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Presents for our furry friends



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Bird feeders hand made



Conclusion

With busy lives it can be hard to find time to volunteer. However, the benefits of volunteering are enormous to us, our families and our community. Volunteering allows us to connect our school community and make it a better place. Even helping out with the smallest tasks can make a real difference to the lives of people, animals, and organizations in need. Dedicating our time as a volunteer helps us to make new friends, expand our network, and boost our social skills. Volunteering is a great way to meet new people; it strengthens our ties to the community and broadens our support networks, exposing us to people with common interests. Volunteering gives us the opportunity to practice and develop our social skills. Volunteering increases our self-confidence, it can provide a healthy boost tour self-esteem and life satisfaction. Our role as volunteers can also give us a sense of pride and identity. Volunteering provides a sense of purpose, combats depression, helps us stay physically healthy. As Oscar Wilde said: ‘The smallest act of kindness is worth more than the grandest intention”























List of references



  • Коргунюк Ю. Г. Молодёжные организации политических партий России после декабря 2003 года.

  • Криворученко В.К., Родионов В. А., Татаринов О. В. Молодёжные движения в России и в Советском Союзе: уроки истории.

  • Соколов В. И. История молодёжных движений в России (СССР) со второй половины XIX до XXI вв.

  • Становая Т. Молодёжные организации в современной России.

  • www.Wikipedia.org

  • www.Uznaem-kak.ru

  • www.english-easy.info

  • www.ehow.com

  • www.lovevoluntees.org

  • www.wikihow.com

Автор
Дата добавления 10.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров483
Номер материала ДБ-074922
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