at A Glance.
(A Project Work)
The State Symbols
of the republic of Tatarstan.
The Symbol of State sovereignty of the Republic of Tatarstan is its flag. It consists of three stripes: green, white and red. It was adopted as the national flag by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Tatarstan in 1991.
The image of a winged snow leopard with the round Shield on its side is represented on the State Coat of Arms. It is depicted, with its front paw raised, against the background of the sun disk and is placed in the framing of Tatar national ornament with the lettering at its "">
Tatarstan is situated in the central part of Russia.
The Republic of Tatarstan covers the area of 68.000 sq. kms. at the Kama tributary of the Volga River.
There are no high mountains in Tatarstan, but lots of hills, lakes and rivers. The largest rivers are the Volga, the Kama and the Kazanka. The nature of Tatarstan is beautiful. The climate of Tatarstan is moderate continental: sometimes it is very hot in summer and very cold in winter.
The Republic of Tatarstan is a multicultural zone. The population of the country is over 3.7 million people, 48 % of which consists of Tatars, 43 % of Russians and 9 % of 70 other different nationalities. There are two state languages in the republic: Russian and Tatar. The largest cities are Naberezhnye Chelny, Almetyevsk, Bugulma and Chistopol. Lorries, cars, watches, medical equipment are produced there. Chemical industry is developed in Nizhnekamsk.
Tatarstan is very rich in natural resources such as coal and gas. The chief mineral wealth of the republic is oil. It is a highly industrialized republic. Agriculture of the republic is also of great importance. The farmers produce meat and milk, grow fruit and vegetables.
The first President of the Republic of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaimiev.
Kasan, the capital of Tatarstan, is situated on the picturesque banks of the Volga river. It is 1000 years old. It has a population of 1.2 million people.
Kasan is a beautiful historical city and an important centre of industry, science and culture today.
It is a city of wonderful beauty, with rich historical background and quite a number of sights. The oldest part of the city is that where the Kremlin stands. The Kremlin is situated on the bank of the Kasanka river. The famous Pskov masters Posnik Yakovlev and Ivan Shiryai built it in the middle of the 16th century. The slightly inclined Suyumbike Tower has become the spiritual symbol and pride of Kasan. It takes its name from the last queen of Kasan, Suyumbika, who threw herself from the top after Kasan had been taken by the Muscovite troops.
( The Tower of Suyumbike)
( The Musa Jalil Opera and Ballet Theatre)
Kasan is inseparably linked not only with outstanding representatives of tatar culture but also with Alexander Pushkin, Yevgeny Baratynsky, Leo Tolstoi, Marxim Gorky and
N. Lobachevsky, who lived or stayed in Kasan. It is the home of Fyodor Chaliapin, an outstanding Russian singer. Kasan University is among the oldest in Russia.
Kasan is a city of architectural contrasts. The houses of different styles stand here side by side. At the foot of the old Kremlin lie the city’s largest stadium, the Palace of Sports, the Kasan Circus, the Pyramide.
There are a lot of interesting museums in Kasan. The State Museum of Tatarstan shows history of the region and its nature. It is open daily from 10 a..m.. to 5 p. m. The Fine Arts Museum has a fine collection of paintings, drawings and others.
Kasan is a city of music and theatre. In Musa Djalil Tatar Opera and Ballet Theatre you can see the best European and Russian classics and the best Tatar operas and ballets, musical comedies and operettas.
My small town differs little from other quiet provincial towns of Central Russia. Everything here is simple and quiet. It cannot boast any unusual sights or exotic landscapes, which usually draw crowds of tourists.
Chistopol was founded in 1781. This year my native town is 225 years old. It stands on the river Kama. 66.5 thousand people live and work here. Chistopol is not a young town. Modern buildings and old buildings stand here side by side. There are a few beautiful churches and mosques in it. The most beautiful and magnificent building in my native town is Nikolski Cathedral. It was built by the brothers Polyacovs in the years of 1834 – 1838. Nowadays it was reconstructed. A new bell and a clock was hung in 2000.
There are libraries, museums, palaces of culture, cinemas, parks in Chistopol. The museum of History and Nature has a lot of interesting exhibits. Sometimes pupils visit it with their teachers. The most interesting exhibits of the museum are an old wooden bycicle, old guns, models of ships and others. The cinema “Mir” performs different films.
There are numerous plants and factories in Chistopol. They produce a lot of goods: watches, clocks, sweets, clothes, furniture and others.
Lenin Street is the main street in Chistopol. People can shop here. There is the Central Park in the town. It is a very pleasant place where people can have a rest.
I like my native town and I want it to be nicer and cleaner.
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