Система упражнений по формированию умений
в разделе ЕГЭ «Письмо»
ГОУ СОШ №180
Put the expressions under the following headings. Then decide whether each expression is formal or informal.
Lots of love,
Dear Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms Jones
Love and kisses
My dear Tom
Dear Mum and Dad
Dear Sir or Madam
E.g. Opening a letter Closing a letter
Hi! Best wishes
Match the connectors in list A with the words which have a similar meaning in list B.
nowadays a. in my view
in addition b. therefore
in conclusion c. today
so d. first of all
in my opinion e. to sum up
firstly f. as well
a) Complete these sentences using one of the words or expressions below.
Firstly, for example, sadly, finally, however, consequently, furthermore, in conclusion
Nowadays, there are a lot of private TV channels. _____________, we have a great choice of what to watch.
There are a great number of TV channels today; ____________ , the standart of the programmes is about the same on all of them.
TV is an effective way of educating people. ___________ , it is cheap.
I think that there are a lot of high quality programmes on TV. ____________ , nature programmes are beautiful to watch and very interesting.
__________, I believe people waste their free time if they watch TV. Secondly, TV gives people a false impression about real life.
b) Link these pairs of sentences using words or expressions from ex.3a.
There are a number of reasons why TV is beneficial. It is good company for people who live alone.
There are many valuable programmes, like documentaries. There are also many useless or harmful programmes.
There are not enough films shown on TV. Those that are shown are usually very old.
There are too many advertisements on TV. They show the same advertisements again and again.
People hoped private TV channels would raise standarts. Standarts have got worse.
The sentences in this letter have been jumbled up. Put them in the correct order.
a. I was happy to receive your letter and to learn the latest news! Thanks a lot.
b. Best wishes, Tom.
c. Anyway, I wish you a happy birthday and many happy returns of the day!
d. Unfortunatelly, it's time to go to bed.
e. Dear Andrew!
f. You asked me about our surprise party. Well, it wasn't difficult to organize. A friend of mine offered his flat for the party as his parents went on holiday. We decorated it with flowers and baloons.
g. Write back soon and tell me how it all went.
h. We also bought sandwiches, fruit and lots of mineral water. Everybody danced and played different games.
Choose the right variant.
I've been thinking about your visit here next month and I’ve had some ideas. You're 1 right / true that we’ve been to all the well-known places on your other visits and I agree that we 2 would / should do something different this time. So I'm planning to take you to some places that visitors don't usually go to and I think they'll he interesting for you.
For example, 3 there / it is a wonderful old cafe in a small street away from the centre that I think you'll love. It's a very interesting old building and some really good bands play there at weekends. Also, by chance an arts festival will take 4 place / part here during your visit and we can go to some of the exhibitions and events at that.
I hope you like my ideas and I'm looking forward to 5 see / seeing you.
Read the letter and answer the questions.
What kind of party did Helen go to?
Where was the party?
How many people came?
What time did it finish?
Thanks for your letter. It was great to hear from you. You wanted me to describe a party in my country.
Recently, we held a party to celebrate the end of exams. The party was for everybody in our year (plus the teachers!) so we decided to hold it in a local disco called Black and Red. It started at about nine on Saturday evening and went on till after midnight.
There were about 60 people there altogether. Everybody was wearing casual clothes, mostly jeans and T-shirts. Except for some of the teachers who were wearing more formal clothes.
At first, people just sat around drinking soft drinks and chatting. Everybody drank soft drinks! After a while, the DJ put on some really great disco music and people started to dance. Even the history teacher got up and danced! Most people left at about one o’clock in the morning. It was a great party.
That’s all for now. I look forward to hearing what parties are like in your country.
Lots of love,
7.1 Read the model letter again. Find and underline the following.
a – two phrasal verbs
b – three examples of the past simple
c – one example of the past continuous
d – two sequencing words
You are going to write a letter describing a birthday party to your penfriend in another country. Before you begin, think of a party you went to. Try to answer the following questions. make notes on your ideas. Then organize your noter into clear paragraphs, using the model letter (ex.7) to help you.
How many people came?
What did they bring (presents, food)?
What were people wearing?
What were people doing?
What was the music like?
Now write your letter/ Write between 120 and 180 words.
Choose the right variant.
It is certainly true that reality TV programmes are very popular and lots of people watch them all the time. People talk about them and some of the people who 1 enter / appear / show / presentin them become famous, at least for a 2 little / small / tiny / short time. I don't like them 3 absolutely / at once / at all / completely and I think most of them are terrible.
Some people say that its good to see ordinary people on television because you learn a lot about other people's lives. For 4 instance / case / point / indication, some programmes show ordinary people doing their jobs and the people who like these programmes say that it's fascinating to see people doing their jobs. Probably the most well-known reality TV programme is different from that. It shows a group of people living 5 along / joint / together / shared in the same house. They're all strange people and fans of this programme say that it's really amusing to watch them arguing and 6 giving/ telling / speaking / letting their opinions on things.
I don't agree with these views. I think it's really boring to watch people doing their jobs and I don't want to watch a lot of strange people talking a lot of 7 mess / trash / jumble / rubbish and doing silly things. These people are attention seeking andthey want to be famous by being on TV. They look ridiculous 8 with / to / for /by me and I don't want to spend my time watching them. I think television programmes should be either entertaining or educational and reality TV shows are neither of these things. I 9 rather/ favour / prefer / fancy to watch programmes with good acting in them, or documentaries about important things.
In my opinion, reality TV shows are a 10 loss /ruin / waste /leak of time. I think they're just a fad and that people will soon get bored with them and then they’ll disappear.
“What are the advantages and disadvantages of television?” Read the student’s answer, ignoring the errors for now. Does the student answer the question appropriately?
TV: for and against
_______1. In my opinion, television in my county is generally very bad.
_______2. There are many reasons for this. First of all, the
_______3. programmes are of so bad quality. TV companies just want
_______4. to make as much as money as possible, so they just
_______5. make cheap programmes, like quiz shows and music
_______6. programmes. Even when they show up a good programme,
_______7. they keep interrupting it with advertisements. I also hate it
_______8. when they interrupt with a good basketball or football
_______9. match to show advertisements for the soap powder.
______10. Moreover, there is too much violence on television, which
______11. has a bad influence on viewers, especially and young people.
______12. They often show scenes of violence just to get good
______13. audience ratings. Finally, another thing who I think is very
______14. bad are the talk programmes; people who they talk for
______15. hours are very bad. I think the only way things will improve is
if the government makes the TV companies cut down the
number of advertisements. They could also encourage them
to show more good programmes.
For questions 1-15, read the text again and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word that shouldn’t be there. If a line is correct, put a tick. If a line has a word which shouldn’t be there, write the word.
The student uses the words good and bad far too often. Replace these words with alternative words from the box below.
Interesting poor exciting low dull boring high negative original well-made imaginative irritating
You have received a letter from your pen friend Vicky who writes:
... At school we are doing projects on schools and school rules in different countries. Could you tell me what kind of rules you have in your school? As the holidays are coming I am thinking of looking for a job…
Write a letter to Vicky. In your letter tell her about the rules in your school (3-4 examples) ask 3 questions about a job she would like to have
Write 100-140 words
Your class has been doing a survey on television and your teacher has asked you to write a composition, answering the question: What are the advantages and disadvantages of television? Write your composition. Write between 120 and 180 words.
Comment on the following statement.
Many people watch soap operas because they find them enjoyable and realistic.
What is your opinion of soap operas?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
make in introduction (state the problem)
express your personal opinion and reasons for it
give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it
draw a conclusion