Pensions in Great Britain.
All retired people are entitled to the standard old-age pension. After a certain age (65 for men, 60 for women), even people who are still earning can receive their pension (though at a slightly reduced rate).
The government pension is not very high - £110.15 a week. People over 80 are paid extra £0.25 per week.
Many people make arrangements during their working lives to have some additional form of income after they retire. They may contribute to a pension fund (also called a “superannuation scheme”) these are usually organized by employees and both employer and employee make regular contributions to them.
In Great Britain one can retire earlier (at the age of 55). It depends whether an employer has a special program. Usually such programs are applicable in big companies.
The following employees enjoy these programs:
- those who have not reached pension age
- those who are over 22 years old
- those working in Great Britain on the basis of a contract
A life insurance policy can also be used as a form of saving. A lump sum is paid out by the insurance company at around the age of retirement.
On the issues of government pension, people have to contact Pension service.
are entitled to – подлежать ч-л (по закону)
make arrangements – зд.: заранее планировать
a slightly reduced rate – слегка сокращенный размер
income – доход
contribute – внести вклад
superannuation scheme – по выслуге лет
employer – работодатель; employee - работник
applicable – применимый
A life insurance policy – полис страхования жизни
A lump sum – единовременное пособие
Underlined sentences have the Passive form of the verb. Translate the sentences into Russian.
Answer the questions:
When do people in Britain start to receive their pension?
Do people who continue working get their pension?
How much money do pensioners get monthly?
In what case can a person retire at the age of 55?
Can people have an additional form of income after they retire?
Translate into English, using the words from the text:
Он ещё не достиг пенсионного возраста.
После определенно возраста люди получают пенсию.
Ты можешь выйти на пенсию в возрасте 55 лет.
Они работают в Великобритании по контракту.
Если вы будете вносить регулярные вклады в страховую компанию, вы будете получать хорошую пенсию.