The Republic of Tatarstan.
The republic borders with Kirov, Ulyanovsk, Samara, and Orenburg Oblasts, and with the Mari El, Udmurt, and Chuvash Republics, as well as with the Republic of Bashkortostan. The unofficial Tatarstan motto is: Bez Buldırabız! (We can!). As of the 2010 Census the population of Tatarstan was 3,786,488. The state has strong ties with its eastern neighbor the Republic of Bashkortostan.
The official languages are Tatar and Russian. Tatarstan is one of the largest socio-economic, scientific and political centers of the Volga Region. It is located at the center of the Russian Federation. It connects East and West, North and South of the country. The Republic has rich natural resources and a developed industry. The industrial complex is very important in the Republic.
Tatarstan is rich in oil. The most well-known oil fields are Romashkinskoye, Novo-Velkhovskoye, Pervomaiskoye and Bondyuzhskoye. Tatarstan is also rich in brown and black coal, copper, gypsum, dolomites, clays, mineral waters and medical muds.
The republic has huge water resources. The Volga river system is of great importance to Russia and Tatarstan. The Volga, the Kama, the Vyatka and the Belaye rivers are the four longest rivers, but there are also a lot of smaller rivers: the Zai, the Myosha, the Cheremshan, the Kazanka, etc and a lot of beautiful lakes, such as Lake Kaban, Swan Lake, Blue Lake, Deep Lake and others.
Tatarstan is a multireligious republic. During its history Tatarstan has accumulated the richest experience of peoples of various nationalities, ethnic and religious groups. More than 100 nationalities live friendly in the republic. The important national values are tolerance, consensus and compromise.
The climate is continental with warm, sometimes hot summers and quite cold winters. That is why agriculture is developed in Tatarstan: gardening, pig farming, dairy farming and others. Such wild animals as elks, bears, wolves, foxes, hares, squirrels, badgers, hedgehogs and others live in the woods.
The head of the government in Tatarstan is the President. Since March 2010, the President has been Rustam Minnikhanov. Tatarstan's unicameral State Council has 100 seats: fifty are for representatives of the parties, and the other fifty are for deputies from the republic's localities. The Chairman of the State Council is Farit Mukhametshin since May 27, 1998.
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