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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Разработка урока для 8 класса по теме "Enviromental problems and how can I save the Earth?"

Разработка урока для 8 класса по теме "Enviromental problems and how can I save the Earth?"


  • Иностранные языки

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Муниципальное образовательное учреждение

Средняя общеобразовательная школа №9

им.М.И. Кершенгольца г. Якутска

















РАЗРАБОТКАУРОКАДЛЯ 8 КЛАССА

ПОТЕМЕ «ENVIROMENTAL PROBLEMS AND HOW

CAN I SAVE THE EARTH”













Составитель: Иванова И.В.,

учитель английского языка

МОБУ СОШ №9 г.Якутска











г. Якутск – 2015г.

Тип урока: обобщающий урок, как урок совершенствования ЗУН по теме «Защита окружающей среды»

Цели урока:

Образовательные:

- развитие лексических навыков; развитие навыка диалогической и монологической речи;

- совершенствование навыков аудирования незнакомого текста с извлечением основной информации;

Познавательные: знакомство с экологическими проблемами и путями ее решения.

Развивающие:

- развитие логического мышления; развитие объема памяти, развитие способности к логическому изложению содержания;

- формирование познавательного интереса к учению;

Воспитательные:

- формирование ответственного, бережного отношения к природе;

- воспитание правильного экологического поведения.

Вид урока: урок проблемного характера с элементами исследования;

Формы работы: индивидуальная, фронтальная, парная, групповая

Методы и приемы: метод эвристической беседы; метод исследовательских заданий; метод диалогического изложения; метод монологического изложения.

Оборудование и наглядные пособия- аудиозапись, компьютерная презентация, опорные карточки, работы учащихся, фотографии, плакаты, учебник.



ХОД УРОКА

  1. Организационный момент:

Teacher: Good morning, dear students. I’m very glad to see you. Sit down, please. I hope today we’ll have an interesting lesson and you’ll enjoy it. Well look at the blackboard, please and try to guess the theme of our lesson (слайд 1). Yes, you are right. We are going to speak about environmental problems and saving the Earth.



2.Фонетическая зарядка. Повторение лексики по теме «Охранаокружающейсреды».

Teacher: Now let’s do the phonetic activity in order to practice our pronunciation. Look at the screen and read these words all together, please: grass, to keep off, wild; a container, to damage, to destroy, to disturb, environment, glass, nature, to plant, plastic, to pollute, pollution, to protect, to recycle, to reduce, to reuse, to spoil, to throw away, wild life, air, to disappear, Earth (2 слайд).

3. Переход к основной части.

Музыкальная заставка (звучит песня Луй Армстронг «What a wonderful world»).

Teacher: Children, you’ve just listened to the song of Louis Armstrong «What a wonderful world”. This song is about a wonderful world: the world without any problems, which can destroy and pollute it. And now let’s try to explain some problems of ecology and environment and we are going to discuss the problem of environmental protection. You know that people all over the world are worried about our environment. And we shall find out who is in Charge of Our Planet.

4.Постановка проблемы

Просмотр кадров презентации «Environmental problems» (слайд 3).

Teacher: Tell me, please, what environmental problems do we have?

Today, we should answer the main questions during our lesson: What can we do and what should we do to protect the nature and to save our planet?

5. Речевая разминка

Активизация лексики по теме, работа с терминами

Teacher: Let’s play a little. You see some Russian words on the blackboard. Find their English equivalents. (На доске учащиеся должны найти перевод для некоторых русских слов и соединить их).

English words: Environment, pollution, wildlife, nature, ecology, to protect, to reuse, to reduce, cut down, litter, recycling.

Russian words: экология, природа, дикий мир, использовать еще раз, загрязнение, окружающая среда, уменьшать, защищать, мусор, вырубать.

Teacher: So, at our lesson we are going to discuss one of the main problems of the time- the ecological problem, connecting with you, the world around you.

В.

Teacher: Let’s train our ecological vocabulary. Give the definitions, please.

1. The scientific study of organisms and environment (Ecology)

2. All around us – all living things, climate, air, water, soil (Environment)

3. Keeping the nature clean. The wise use of environment.

4. The natural home of animals and plants (Conservation)

6. Plants, animals, people (Living things)

7. Destroying everything around you (Destruction)

8. Making air, water, land a dangerous place (Pollution)



II. Основная часть

6. Проверка домашнего задания (вопросно - ответная работа по теме”Environmental problems”).

1. Why have many species of birds and animals disappeared?

2. What is the air polluted by?

3. Are rivers polluted?

4. Why are forests disappearing all over the world?

5. Can you see pollution at the seaside?

6. People are in danger, aren’t they?

7. What are the most serious environmental problems now?

7. Аудирование. (Ученики слушают текст 2 раза, и отмечают на карточках True or False).

Environmental pollution

People have always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. In past most people lived in uncrowded rural areas and didn’t have pollution-causing machines. But with the development of crowded industrial cities the problem of pollution has become more important. Using automobiles and other machines made pollution steadily worse. Since the 1950’s people have become alarmed with the danger of environmental pollution.

Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things. But polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food products can’t be grown. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet.

Pollution is a very complicated and a serious problem. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide fast transportation for the people. Plants and factories pollute the air and the water but they provide jobs for people and produce necessary goods. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they pollute soil.

Thus, people would have to stop using many useful things if they wanted to end pollution immediately. Most people don’t agree to do that. But pollution can be reduced gradually. Scientists and engineers can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories. Government can pass the laws that would make enterprises take measures for reducing of pollution. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting environment.

У учеников на карточках следующие предложения

1.

a. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem.

b. But until now pollution was not such a big problem.

c. But until now pollution was not such an important problem.

2.

a. Since the 1960’s people have become alarmed with the danger of environmental pollution

b. Since the 1950’s people have become alarmed with the danger of environmental pollution

c. Since the 1970’s people have become alarmed with the danger of environmental pollution.

3.

a. Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things

b. Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of men.

c. Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of animals.

4.

a. Automobiles are polluting the land but they provide fast transportation for the people.

b. Automobiles are polluting the water but they provide fast transportation for the people.

c. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide fast transportation for the people.

5.

a. Minerals are important for growing crops but they pollute soil

b. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they pollute soil.

c. Vitamins are important for growing crops but they pollute soil.

6.

a. People can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories

b. Engineers can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories

c. Scientists and engineers can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories

8. Работа над содержанием текста «Environmental pollution»

(Ученики получают текст, читают и переводят на русский язык).

Teacher: Thank you. The next task is to tell me the contexts of these signs. What do they mean? Look at the screen, please (учитель показывает слайд 4, где показаны знаки).

Class: Keep your country tidy!

Keep of the grass!

Put your litter in the bin!

Keep dogs under control!

Recycle!

Teacher: Now we see that the situation is really dangerous. It is really dramatic.

I suppose we should make a choice what kind of world we want to live.

11. Обсуждение экологической ситуации в нашей стране. Ученики показывают свои проектные работы.

Заключительный этап урока

Составление экологических правил. Учащиеся сидят по группам. В каждой группе раздаются листы и маркеры.

Teacher: Now, pupils, let’s make the Code of Ecological Rules for all people of our town. I think these rules should be placed all over the forest. Write down your answers in the papers, please.

Учащиеся выходят к доске, показывают и зачитывают свои правила.

Code of Ecological Rules.

Don’t break trees.

Don’t leave litter.

Keep the country tidy.

Respect the life and work of the countryside.

Keep dogs under control.

Put litter away.

Grow trees and flowers.

Don’t frighten birds and animals.

Don’t cut wild flowers.

Don’t burn fires.

Подведение итогов урока

Teacher: Our lesson is coming to an end. In conclusion I’d like to tell you that the protection of nature is everybody’s business.

An outstanding English writer John Galsworthy said: ”If you don’t think about the future you will not have it.” Let’s think about the future. Let’s keep our planet tidy and make it better place to live in. Let’s save the Earth for ourselves and for the next generations.

Объяснение домашнего задания

So write down your homework. It will be key vocabulary at page 58. Your task is to work with the dictionary and learn the words.

Teacher: And now, listen to your marks for the lesson………………..(выставление оценок)

Teacher: At the end of our lesson I shall read you the extract of the poem “Hug the Earth” written by Lorraine Bayes. Listen to me carefully (слайд 5).

Walking along feeling tree

Feeling the Earth here with me

And I love her. She loves me

I hug the Earth, the Earth hugs me.

She’s our friend.

We’d like to be together forever.

The Earth is our garden

It’s a beautiful place.

Teacher: I think these words are the main idea of our life and we must remember that only we can help the environment today.

Well, the lesson is over! Thank you for the lesson! Good-bye!




Автор
Дата добавления 05.02.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
Просмотров153
Номер материала ДВ-417875
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