Разработка урока 9 класс на тему "William Shakespeare"
Муниципальное казенное общеобразовательное учреждение «Белогорская средняя школа №4»
Разработка открытого урока в 9 классе
На тему В. Шекспир
Тема: «W. Shakespeare»
Слайд 1 He was not of an age, but for all time» (Ben Johnson)
Цель урока: ознакомить учащихся с жизнью и творчеством В.Шекспира
Задачи: развитие умений прогнозировать содержание текста по иллюстрации и заголовку; развитие умений поискового чтения; развитие языковой догадки; активация изученной и введение новой лексики по теме; развитие монологической речи.
Воспитательная цель: воспитывать у учащихся любовь к английской литературе; формировать ценностные ориентации, в том числе в эстетической сфере.
Оборудование: карточки с заданиями, текст, презентация, ноутбук, проектор, высказывание: «He was not of an age, but for all time» (Ben Johnson).
Организационный момент (2 мин)
Приветствие, сообщение темы и цели урока
How are you? (I am fine, thank you. And you?)
Look in the window and tell me please what the weather is like today?
Основная часть урока
Look at the picture and answer the questions: (на экране портрет В. Шекспира)
Who is he? – It’s W. Shakespeare.
Right. What is he? – He is a poet, a dramatist/playwright.
Thank you. What language did he speak? – He spoke English.
Is he an English or an American writer? – He is an English writer.
Good. Shakespeare was a great English dramatist. What of his plays do you know? – “Romeo and Juliet”.
Let’s read the new words:
merchant – купец
playwright/dramatist – драматург
twins – близнецы
roof – крыша
sign – надпись
«Midsummer Night’s Dream» – «cон в летнюю ночь»
acting company – актерская труппа
“Much ado about nothing” – «много шума из ничего»
local church – местная церковь
was buried – похоронен
principal – основной
to baptize – крестить
Holy Trinity church – церковь Святой Троицы
quotation – цитата
Let’s read the text and learn about Shakespeare’s life and works.
(Слайд 2, 3). William Shakespeare is the greatest English poet and writer. He was born on April 23, 1564 in a small English town Stratford – on –Avon. His father, John Shakespeare, was a merchant and he had several houses in Stratford. His mother – Mary Arden was a farmer’s daughter. There were 8 children in their family. William was the third child.
(Слайд 4) He went to the grammar school in Stratford. At school he studied grammar, logic and Latin, but he was educated more by the people and nature about him than by teaching at school.
(Слайд 5). In 1582, when William was only 18, he married Anna Hathaway, a woman 8 years older then himself.
(Слайд 6) They had three children: Susanna and the twins Hamnet and Judith.
Three years later the young Shakespeare, who had already 3 children, went to London because he wanted to be an actor.
(Слайд 7) The first Shakespeare’s job in London was holding rich men’s horses at the theatre door. Later William Shakespeare became an actor and a member of the big acting company. He worked as an actor. But his friends and he did not have their own theatre that is why in 1599 they built a theatre and called it «the Globe». It was round. There was no roof on this building.
(Слайд 8) There was a sign on its main door: «All the world is a stage». His dream became true. He acted only small parts, but his experience as an actor helped him greatly in the writing of his plays. His knowledge of the stage and his poetical genius made his plays the most wonderful ones ever written.
He started writing his own plays for this company - Lord Chamberlain’s Men. His plays were performed in this theater. In a few years he became a well-known author. He wrote about 37 plays for the theatre: tragedies, comedies and historical plays. So the most famous tragedies are (Слайд 9) “Romeo and Juliet”, (Слайд 10)“Anthony and Cleopatra”, “Hamlet”, “King Lear”, “Othello”, “Macbeth”. The most popular comedies are “All’s Well that Ends Well”, “Twelfth Night”, “Midsummer Night’s Dream”, “As you like it”, “Much ado about nothing”. “Henry IV” and “Richard II” are historical plays about the past of England.
The last years of his life William Shakespeare lived in Stratford.
(Слайд 11) In 1616 he died and was buried in the local church.
(Слайд 12, 13) But some years later the monument was built to him in the Poet’s Corner in Westminster Abbey.
Now do the quiz:
1. Where was William Shakespeare born?
A. Stratford-on-Avon B. Belfast C. Cardiff D. Edinburgh
2. When was William Shakespeare born?
A. 1594 B. 1564 C. 1561 D. 1560
3. William Shakespeare married in …
A. 1582 B. 1583 C. 1590 D. 1595
4. He wrote …
A. sonnets and tragedies B. tragedies and comedies
C. sonnets, tragedies and comedies D. only sonnets
5. What theatre was opened by William Shakespeare?
A. Green theatre B. Globe theatre C. Royal theatre D. Open theatre
6. The shape of his theatre was …
A. straight B. round C. oval D. square
7. The Globe theatre is in …
A. London B. Paris C. Stratford-on-Avon D. Belfast
8. How many plays and sonnets did William Shakespeare write?
A. 40, 150 B. 53, 135 C. 35, 200 D. 37, 154
9. “to be or not to be” that is question of …
A. Hamlet B. King Lear C. Othello D. Crusoe
Now answer the questions.
T. When was Shakespeare born?
Pupils: W. Shakespeare was born on the 23d of April 1564
T. Where was he born?
Pupils: He has born in Stratford on Avon in Great Britain.
T. What was his father and mother?
Pupils: His father John Shakespeare was a merchant, his mother Mary Arden was a farmer’s daughter
T. What do we know about his education?
Pupils: Shakespeare learned grammar, logic and Latin at the grammar school and had enough education to develop his literary skill.
T. When was he married?
Pupils: We know that when Shakespeare was 18, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman eight years older than himself.
T. How many children did W. Shakespeare have?
Pupils: He had three children. When he was 18 Susanna his first child was born and then twins: Hamnet and Judith followed in two years.
T. When did Shakespeare go to work to London?
Pupils: At the age of 22 Shakespeare left Stratford for London. He went there alone. We don t know exactly why he did it. Some people say that the reason was his love of poetry and theatre.
T. Did he act himself on the stage in London?
Pupils: He did and soon became an important member of the new Globe Theatre.
T. What Shakespeare plays do you know?
Pupils: Shakespeare wrote 37 plays: tragedies and comedies, such as "Much Ado About Nothing", "The Twelfth Night", "As you like it", "Romeo and Juliet", "Macbeth" and others.
T. when and where did Shakespeare die?
Pupils:On the 23rd of April 1616 in Stratford – on – Avon.
«He was not of an age, but for all time» (Ben Johnson)
The characters of Shakespeare plays, such as Hamlet, Othello, Romeo and Juliet are still known to many people.
There are many quotations from Shakespeare’s plays that are popular with people.
(Слайд 14) Use the following code to learn the quotation:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Q R S T U V W X Y Z
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
A. 1/12/12 20/8/5 23/15/18/12/4 9/19/1 19/20/1/7/5 1/14/4 1/12/12
20/8/5 13/5/14 1/14/4 23/15/13/5/14 13/5/18/5/12/25 16/12/1/25/5/18/19.
B. 20/15 2/5 15/18 14/15/20 20/15 2/5 20/8/1/20 9/19 20/8/5 17/21/5
(Слайд 15) Here are some famous Shakespeare’s quotations. Read them and match to the translations.
1) "Brevity is the soul of wit" ("Hamlet").
2) "To be or not to be: that is the question" ("Hamlet")
3) "What is done cannot be undone" ("Macbeth").
4) "All the worlds a stage and all the men and women were players".
5) "Better a witty fool than a foolish wit" ("Twelfth Night").
6) “Having nothing, nothing can he lose”
7) “Better three hours too soon than a minute to late”.
«Лучше на три часа раньше, чем на минуту позже»
«Краткость – душа остроумия»
«Не имея ничего, вам нечего терять»
«Весь мир – сцена, и все мужчины и женщины – актеры».
«Что сделано – то сделано»
«Быть или не быть: вот в чем вопрос»
«Лучше умный глупец, чем глупый мудрец».
Подведение итогов урока
T. Shakespeare's plays are still popular. Nowаdays many people like them. We laugh and cry with Shakespeare's characters. Shakespeare's plays are famous in all countries. In England there is a special Shakespeare's Memorial Theatre in Stratford –upon – Avon. A Shakespeare Festival is held here every year and people come from all over the world to honour the England greatest dramatist.
Thank you very much. You have worked well today. Let’s remember what we have done at the lesson today. (Учащиеся подводят итог)
Т.Your home task for the next lesson is: Ex. 2 p.85 to do the test and to learn new words. Your marks at the lesson are ...Good - bye, my friends. Thank you for your lesson.
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