Разработка урока английского языка по теме « Britain at a glance» (8 класс)
Цель урока: обобщить знания по теме.
формировать практические навыки по предмету;
развивать навыки мыслительной деятельности, активизировать знания и умения учащихся применительно к данной теме;
познакомить с историей, традициями, обычаями Великобритании в сравнении с Россией;
воспитывать чувства интернационализма, патриотизма, положительного отношения к предмету, умение работать в коллективе.
Оснащение: эмблемы с именами, символика, карта Великобритании, глобус, картины с изображением зимы, тройки лошадей, баян, цветные платки, частушки, песня.
L. :Good morning, dear friends!
I am happy to greet all the guests.
Today we are going to speak about
Russia and its people. According to old traditions a guest should always be welcomed with the symbol of life-giving food- bread and salt.
I am also happy to greet all participants of Satellite Link Russia – Great Britain.
We are a group of Russian students and I’m the leader of the group. There you can see young people from Great Britain.
We are going to speak about Russia and its people in comparison with Great Britain and its people.
Let’s introduce yourselves.
My name is…
My hobby is …
My favourite sport is …
Hello! I’m the leader of the British students. My name is Jane. We are also glad to have a chance to speak to you.
I’m sorry to say we don’t know much about you. The people of our country are very much interested in the life of Russian people. Now we introduce ourselves.
Let’s start our talk about Russia and Great Britain.
P.: We have spoken and read many times about the country to the west of the continent of Europe. I’m a bit confused. Some people call that country Britain, others call it England and there is another name – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Which is correct?
P.: Can you explain why Britain is called Great Britain?
P.: As far as I understand Great Britain is the name of the island, which is made up of England, Scotland and Wales. I’m interested to know where the name “Britain” comes from.
P.: We are proud to live in Russia. It is a big country. It lies both in Europe and Asia. The north of our country differs from the south. The west differs from the east.
P.: When we speak of the north we don’t mean St. Peterburg, although St. Peterburg is farther north than the north of Scotland, farther north than much of Canada. We have in mind places like Arkhangelsk and Murmansk. Murmansk is the northern-most point and the trip is practical only in spring or summer because of the polar night.
L.: Thank you. I am glad to hear it, because some foreigners imagine Russia only as a big desert with a big sun that won’t stop shining.
P.: Of course there is. For most Russians the south is the Caucasus, where they go for holidays by the Black Sea during the hot summer and the velvet autumn.
P.: The Far East is the broad coast along the Pacific Ocean facing Alaska in the far north and Japan in the sub – tropical south and including the large island of Sakhalin. In land lie forests, mountains, lakes, rivers and marshes known as Siberia, a good place for hunting.
P.: Siberia is usually divided into Western and Eastern. The former marshy and low-lying and rich in oil, the latter mountainous and rich in minerals, gold and diamonds.
P.: I want to add that the region has one railway, the famous Trans-Siberian.
P.: There is a famous lake Baikal here. It is the world’s deepest lake and it contains one fifth of all the fresh water of the earth.
L.: The British flag is called the Union Jack. Why?
L.: Thank you.
P.: Certainly. It is made up of three stripes: white, blue and red. The white stripe symbolizes nobleness and revelation, the red one- loyalty and honesty and blue stripe symbolizes courage, generosity and love. It was introduced by Peter the Great in 1699 as the flag of the Russian trade ships. Later it became one of the national flags of the Russian Empire. In 1991 it was adopted again as the national flag of Russia.
P.: You are quite right. Now the double-headed eagle is the national emblem of the Russian Federation. Originally it was one of the symbols of the Empire of Byzantine. It was introduced in Russia in 1497 by Tsar Ivan III after he had married the niece of the last Byzantine Emperor, Sophia.
L.: Besides, different regions of Russia have their own emblems, too. For example, Perm region’s emblem is a bear. What about emblems in your country?
L.: When I think of Wales I imagine beautiful fields of daffodils. Why are they the national emblem of Wales?
L.: Thank you for such interesting information about the emblems of your country.
P.: I usually think of the USA as a country of immigrants. Would you say Britain has a lot of immigrants?
P.: Are they mostly Europeans?
P.: Is there such a thing as racial tension in Britain?
P.: The population of the Russian Federation is more than 145 million people. More than 100 nationalities live in our country. 83% of population is Russians. Many other nationalities such as Tatars, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Chuvashians live there.
L.: The official language of our country is Russian, but there are 130 other languages and dialects in our country. I’ve heard that there are many dialects and accents in the UK. Is that so?
l.: Thank you. Almost every nation has a reputation of some kind. The French are considered to be very stylish. For centuries the British have been known as snobbish, aloof, hypocritical and unsociable. Do you agree?
L.: In my country people don’t queue at a bus stop. What about your country?
L.: You’ve said that most of the people live in towns and cities. I know an English proverb “My home is my castle”.
L.: Now, you know a lot about Russia and Russians. Do you?
P.: Oh, Russian winter is full of poetry and magic. And what Russian doesn’t like a fast ride in a troika?
P.: The singing of chastushkas used to be a main part of Russian rural holidays and parties. In many places they are still popular today.
L.: Thank you. We’ve learnt many interesting things today about each other.
P.: I am very grateful to you for inviting us to visit Britain.
P.: Britain is the country I want to visit more than any other country in the world.
P.: I would like to visit Britain, too.
P.: May be some days.
L.: Oh, Helen, our best wishes to you. Good bye. We hope to see you again.
P.: Well, all of them are correct, but we must use each of them differently, because they mean different things.
P.: In fact, it is only one of the British Isles. As we’ve said Great Britain is the largest. That’s why it’s called Great Britain, because of its size. It is divided into three parts: England, Scotland and Wales.
P.: The name “Britain” comes from the word “Pretani” the Greco-Roman word for the people of Britain. The Romans mispronounced it and called the island “Britannia”.
L.: It is known that Russia is a very large country. Will you tell us a few words about its geographical position?
P.: What do you mean when you say “ the north of our country?”
P.: Now, I imagine Russia as a very cold and beautiful place with beautiful art all around.
P.: Is there anything interesting in the south of your country?
P.: One of the participants in your studio has recently said that between the west and the east of your country there is a great number of kilometers. It is not a secret that the western part of Russia is better visited by foreigners. Is there anything that can attract tourists in the east?
L.: Now, I imagine Russia as really a great wonderful country to live in. I think you are very lucky to live and work there. Let’s speak about flags of our countries. I think it’s interesting, too.
P.: Well, the formal name of the British national flag is Union Flag but it is commonly known as the Union Jack. It combines the St. George’s cross of England, the Andrew’s cross of Scotland and St. Patrick’s cross of Ireland. “Union” symbolizes the union of nationalities.
P.: Some years ago your country started the so called “perestroika” and you’ve changed the flag. Do you know the history of your flag?
L.: For seventy years the national emblems of Russia were the sickle and the hammer. Now, you have got a new emblem. Am I right?
L.: I want to say that different parts of Britain have their own emblems. They are all plants. Let’s speak about them.
P.: I’m doing to speak about the red rose. In the 15th century there were a series of wars in England, which we called the Wars of the Roses. They were between the Dukes of Lancaster and the Dukes of York over who should be king. The emblem of Lancaster was the red rose and the emblem of York was the white rose. The Duke of Lancaster won, so the emblem of England is the red rose.
P.: Welshmen all over the world celebrate St. David’s Day by wearing either leeks or daffodils. The link between the leek and St. David is the belief that he lived according to legend for several years on bread and wild leeks. The daffodil is also closely associated with St. David’s Day, due to the belief that it flowers on that day, William Wordsworth, a popular English poet, wrote a poem called “Daffodils”, when he lived in the Lake District:
“…And then my heart with pleasure fills
And dances with daffodils”.
P.: The national emblem of Scotland is the thistle.
P.: The national emblem of Northern Ireland is a shamrock and a red hand.
L.: Let’s speak about the people which inhabit our countries. Who wants to start?
P.: May I? the population of our country is over 57 million people. Four out of every five people live in towns. The distributions of the population is rather uneven. There are at least, four main nationalities. They are the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. People have been coming to settle in Britain for centuries from many parts of the world.
P.: Well, not so many as the USA, but quite a lot
P.: Oh,no. You would be surprised to see people from practically all over the world in Britain.
P.: Certainly, especially with non-white population.
L.: And what about the population of Russia?
P.: Yes, there are several regional and social dialects. A well-known example is the cockney. The other dialects are “Brum”in Birmingham, “Geordie” in Newcastle. In Scotland 2% of the population speak Gaelic. But English is the official language of the UK.
P.: Certainly not. The British are very well-mannered people. They tend to be rather conservative, they love familiar things. The English are practical and careful about everything.
P.: Oh, queuering is as British as fish and chips. It is a national habit. At bus stops and cinemas, in shops, banks and post offices and in lots of other places you’ll have to join the queue and wait for your turn.
People in Britain will expect you to be polite in the way that is normal to us. There is a proverb in our country which characterizes the British “An Englishman, even if he is alone, forms an orderly queue of one”.
L.: That’s true. The Englishman prefers to have his own house rather than an apartment in a block of flats, because he doesn’t wish to be overlooked by his neighbors.
P.: Yes, I do. From discussion I’ve understood that Russia is still a huge ethnic and social melting pot.
P.: I’ve read that Russians can be surprisingly frank and also very secretive.
P.: When I think of Russia, I think of Russian winter.
L.: We also thank every body for participating in such a useful talk. We invite you to Britain.
L.: One of our participants has a birthday today. Let’s sing the song “Happy birthday to you” all together.
L.: Good bye.
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