Reference grammar: the Gerund, the Imperative Mood
Aim (teacher): to influence the increase of maximum capacity for work and exchange of ideas and opinions.
to gain and develop knowledge of safe communication abroad rules, including those of social psychology and of traditions of different nations; to learn to use the gerund correctly and to form the ability of safe international communication.
to create your own “Rules of tolerant attitude to foreigners” and to use them in the future.
Learning mission: to repeat the Imperative Mood and its active usage in advice, the usage of the gerund after some verbs and prepositions in active speech, some of set expressions.
Development mission: to help to develop logical, critical and creative thinking, speech culture.
to develop the ability to sympathize and put oneself to the other`s position;
to bring up responsibility for each other;
to make and to use in the future the norms of intercultural tolerance (see aim 2(student)).
The type of the lesson: The lesson of moral problem solving.
A role-play and an “Interactive theatre”(playing technology);
Jigsaw classroom (the method of cooperative work);
Brainstorming (the method of creative problem solving).
Links with other subjects: Social psychology, history.
The work made in advance:
Students chose nationality they are interested in (for instance, the French, Germans etc.), studied literature and Inernet resorts gaining information on the subject “National traits of other nations”;
They also studied the material, prepared by our lyceum`s psychologist and placed on a third floor`s stand of the lyceum. ) Theme: “The ways of solving conflict situations”;
Students participated in the preparation of the text: “Instructions for safe communication”, used at this lesson. (gained information)
Preparation of this lesson`s plan and the studying of teaching methods by the teacher, such as “brainstorming” and the others mentioned above.
Literature and resorts:
Aronson E., Uilson T. “Psychological laws”;
Cards with questions and tasks;
The text “Rules of safe communication” for handing out, mostly prepared by students of 10s and 11 “V” forms;
The list with colours and subjects and “m&m`s” for warming-up.
to avoid conflicts – избежать конфликтов
to prevent problems – предотвратить проблемы
safe communication – безопасное общение
to insult – оскорбить;
to offend – обидеть;
instructions – руководство
prejudice – предрассудок
soft drinks - безалкогольные напитки
fellow – countryman – соотечественник
fan, supporter - болельщик
to behave – вести себя, но: Behave yourself! – Веди себя прилично!
to appreciate - ценить
to order food – заказывать еду (в ресторане)
to reserve a table – заказывать столик
raw – сырой
delicious – вкусный
home- made – домашнего приготовления
The work of preparation:
The motion of the lesson:
Preliminary: 1) How are you today? Who is absent?
2) At the previous 2 lessons we found out that tourism can be a problem and what way. We have also studied what “stereotype” and “prejudices” are.(1-2 minutes)
Motivation part: You have tried to become a German, a Hungarian, a French, an Italian and a Russian through gaining information about them at home. As you share your knowledge and learn from others, you will not only train your English, but also begin to understand life of other countries as it is. (2 minutes)
Warming-up: Now in order to make you speak easier further let`s play. The play is called “m&m`s”. While sweets are distributed the teacher says, ”Grab as much as you wish. Don`t be too shy”. After it students give as many sentences as many sweets they have. Each colour means some special subject to discuss. (the list with colours and their meaning goes to the blackboard). Sentences must be short. (3-5 minutes)
Tasks based on homework: Please retell this text (“Instructions for safe communication”) adding whatever you know about mentioned nations` characteristic traits. Please don`t forget about our gerund. Before you start, please remind us the verbs with prepositions, after which we use the gerund, not the infinitive. + What is the gerund? (3-5 minutes).
Think it over and give us a piece of advice, how to behave with a French, a German etc. in order not to insult him/her. Only one sentence. (individual work) Before you start, remind me, what sentences do we call imperative ones. What is the Imperative Mood?(2 minutes)
Retelling and discussion. (from 5 to 10 minutes).
Training of some basic set expressions from the text: Now let’s memorize these expressions:
Should this happen, I would…
My rule of behaviour is…
I allow my guests to … at my place.
If I were you, I would….
I always feel good in the presence of…
And now let’s have a rest and tomorrow I invite you to the restaurant to have breakfast.
Physical training minute + role play (brainstorming through interactive theatre): Please change your seats and while doing it stretch your backs and bow your head from right to left. Two of our tourists will show us, how easily conflict arises. But before that, please order something from the menu (look for them at your table). Choose something that will suit your tastes. Now we have two active participants and all the rest are casual listeners, who cannot stand reacting what they hear. When you want to add or to contradict something, please use the phrases: If I were you (a German, a Hungarian etc.) or others from your cards. “Our dear teachers, the members of our commission, please join our discussion and give your ideas“
The reflection of problem solving in less difficult situations (classical brainstorming):
Make two groups: creators and those who will analyze their ideas. The most important rule for creators is: to produce ideas quickly without thinking them over. The craziest ones will suit.
The second part must not criticize them even with smiles till their time comes. Each idea must be discussed politely. You use such characteristics as: “impossible, lucky, interesting idea. It could help/ it couldn’t help and why”.
Situations: What could be done in order not to this happen? (А small round loaf is eaten. The fans of different teams are almost enemies.) Change these stories ends; there must not appear any conflicts, which caused them.
Resume. Teacher, the members of the commission analyze, what result do we have (Is the problem solved).
General reflection: Today you were brilliant creators and critics and we together could solve some problems, but now you know that the best conflict is avoided conflict. So you tried to learn how to avoid it. As tourist, some of you have not observed our rules of safe communication; try to be more attentive in the future. As my English students you get … for your creativity and language. Thank you for your work.
Instructions for Safe Communication
Today you are the guests of Canadian Olympic Games in Vancouver. Don`t you mind if we offer you some basic rules of behavior in international and multicultural society. Our aim is to prevent conflicts and that is it. So let`s start:
We in Canada need greater physical distances for talking than Central Easters, for example. It is the same concerning North Americans, the Japanese and Asians in general. If someone stands closer than 4 feet we certainly will move away. Should this happen, don`t be insulted.
Don`t say to an Italian or a French that food and sleeping are low and rude kinds of pleasure. They are the philosophers of everyday life and could easily teach you to feel good every minute of your life.
And, dear Italian, don`t promote your wine everywhere, there are people here, who can be very offended.
The motto of a German is, “Do everything that won`t disturb or insult me”. But take into consideration that being late for a meeting with a German is troublesome.
Our dear German friend, don`t leave your car and room open, you are not at home.
Don`t say anything ironical about family life in the presence of any Hungarian, Japanese or Ukrainian woman
Dear madams, don`t discuss careers.
Don`t criticize Asian eating habits, otherwise you can be laughed at concerning your political views or speaking manner. Asians have a very specific sense of humour as well as the British.
Try not to sit with your legs crossed in the presence of the Chinese and clasp you hands with Americans, they can think that you show , you are the winner.
Here in Canada smoking is not allowed in public places. If you wish to smoke, you must make sure that you are in a smoking area. This rule can be passed on to your new Canadian friends` accommodation. Look around – the lack of ashtrays on the tables at somebody`s place or in a restaurant means you must not light up.
Be attentive! Anyone caught with an open container of alcohol on the street certainly will be arrested. And DWI (Driving While Intoxicated) is strictly punished.
And at last, try not to discuss sports and politics here. It`s too dangerous! Good luck!