Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
American people honor their mothers on the second Sunday in May. This day is called Mother’s Day. It’s a way of saying: “Thanks for being such a great Mom!” My mom is very special, My mom is very kind, My mom always tells me I'm special, She's always on my mind. English teacher
МБОУ СОШ № 95
Разработка открытого урока «« Традиции и праздники в США»
1. Организационный момент.
(На экране начало презентации (Слайды 1,2)(Приложение1).
T: Good morning, boys and girls! Today we'll talk about the national holidays, traditions in the United Slates of America. At the lesson some of you will tell us about Christmas Day, New Year's Day, St. Valentine's Day, about Easter, Mother's Day, about Independence Day in the USA, Thanksgiving Day and other holidays and traditions. As you can see our lesson is held with the help of computer. Look at the screen. Let's read and translate the information about American holidays.
2. Просмотр кадров презентации. (Учащиеся считывают информацию с экрана, чтение вслух) (Слайды 3-19) (Приложение1)
3. Ответы учащихся на вопросы учителя по просмотренным кадрам.
1) When do Americans celebrate Christmas?
2) What holiday do people celebrate on the 14th of February?
3) What holiday is Irish in America?
4) What holiday is celebrated on the second Sunday in May?
5) When do people color eggs?
6) Why is Independence Day celebrated on July 4?
7) What holiday is one of the best holidays for children? Why?
4. Монологические высказывания учащихся.
T: Now let's listen to your reports. Let's begin with Christmas Day.
P1: Christmas Day is celebrated on the 25th of December. In America it's the most important holiday of the year. Christmas is a religious holiday and one of the happiest holidays of the year, because it is the day that Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. Americans prepare for Christmas weeks before. They buy gifts for family, friends and relations. Every family tries to have a Christmas tree, which is decorated with colored lights. They also hang little toys, sweets on the tree and they put presents under the tree. And they prepare special food and cookies. Christmas is a family holiday. People stay at home and spend the time with their families. People send cards or Christmas greetings to their friends. They wish their friends "Merry Christmas" and "A Happy New Year". Little children believe that when they are asleep Santa Claus comes to visit them with a big bag of toys. They often hang up large stockings to receive the presents. On Christmas morning children look into their stockings and see their gifts.
P2: New Year's Day celebrates the start of a new year. Americans celebrate New Year's Day on the first day of January, but people begin celebrating on December 31, New Year's Eve, the night before New Year's Day. They have parties through the night. The theatres, night clubs and restaurants are crowded. Many people watch the Rose Bowl football game on TV.
In Times Square, in New York, at a minute before midnight, a lighted ball goes down from one of the buildings.
T.: On the 14th of February the Americans celebrate Saint Valentine's Day. One of you will tell us about this holiday.
P3: Saint Valentine's Day is a day of love and friendship. It is celebrated among persons of all ages. On that day most people send "valentines", candy or roses to people they love. Valentines are greeting cards in the form of a heart, or they have hearts, the symbol of love, on them. A "valentine" may mean a special greeting card or a little present. It may also be the person who receives the gift. The greeting cards are often colored, have red trimmings and pictures of hearts. Flowers and candy are favorite presents which sweethearts send each other. It is a favorite day for parties, especially by young people.
T.: You know that the Americans celebrate Mother's Day in May and Father's Day in June. Now we'll hear about these holidays.
P4: Mother's Day comes on the second Sunday in May. This is a day when Americans honor their mothers. This day is called Mother's Day. It's a way of saying: "Thanks for being such a great Mom!"
Most mothers like to celebrate this day with the whole family. Many people send their mothers a card or a gift. Some people take their mothers to a restaurant for dinner. It is the custom to carry a red or pink flower, if one's mother is living. It is the custom to carry a white flower, if one's mother is dead.
P5: Father's Day comes on the third Sunday in June. Many people send their fathers a card or a gift. During the autumn, some colleges celebrate Dad's Day. They honor their fathers among the members and friends of the college.
T.: Now we'll talk about a great holiday, Easter.
P6: Easter is celebrated on Sunday in April or May. The week before Easter people color eggs. Little children believe that the Easter Bunny comes and leaves the eggs for them. That's why Easter candy is made in form of eggs, little chickens and rabbits. Eggs are the symbol of new life. Easter is a church holiday. Easter marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring.
T: Now we'll hear about the national day in America. It is Independence Day.
P7: On July 4, the United States celebrate Independence Day. It is the United States' birthday. It is called Independence Day, because on July 4, 1776 it was declared that the United States is free and independent from England. A group of Americans representing the thirteen British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America signed a document stating that these colonies had the right to be free and independent. This document is known as the Declaration of Independence. July 4 is celebrated by Americans as a national holiday, Independence Day.
P8: There is a building in Philadelphia which is called Independence Hall. Here the Declaration was signed. On the building is the famous Liberty Bell. The Liberty Bell rang out in July 1776 in Philadelphia, when the Declaration of Independence was signed by Congress. The great bell rang out at every event of national importance until it cracked in 1835. Now the bell is on display in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, but it never rings. The bell weighs over a ton and it is 12 feet wide at the bottom.
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