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Nursultan Nazarbayev President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Nursultan Nazarbayev was born July 6, 1940 in the village of Chemolgan Kaskelen district Alma-Ata region of the Kazakh SSR in a peasant family. Descendant of shaprashty Senior Juz.
He graduated Dneprodzerzhinskoe Technical School (1960), higher technical educational institution at the Karaganda Metallurgical Plant (1967), correspondence Higher Party School of the Central Committee of the CPSU (1976). Doctor of Economic Sciences, Academician. He began his career in 1960 at the Karaganda Metallurgical Plant in Temirtau laborer, where he rose to senior gasman of the blast furnace. In 1969 he was transferred to the Komsomol and party work. First secretary of the city committee Temirtau Youth of Kazakhstan (1969-1971), the second secretary of Temirtau City Party Committee (1971-1977), secretary, second secretary of the Karaganda Regional Party Committee (1977-1979). On top government and party posts is from 1979, with the election of the Secretary of the Central Committee comparo Kazakhstan (1979-1984), First Secretary of the CPC Central Committee (June 1989-September 1991), at the same time - a member of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee (1990-1991), Chairman Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR (February-April 1990).
April 24, 1990 NA Nazarbayev was elected the first President of the Kazakh SSR. April 29, 1995 on the basis of a national referendum powers of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan has been extended until 2000. Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Chairman of the Security Council of Kazakhstan, President of the Assembly of Peoples of Kazakhstan, President of the World Association of Kazakhs. He was awarded the highest awards and medals of Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan and several foreign countries.
Nursultan Nazarbayev has strong leadership qualities and self-esteem. Combines the features of a charismatic, rational-legal and traditional types of leadership. Quickly adapt to the changing environment. It has a high resistance to stress factors. Good control of your feelings, born. Pragmatist. Skillfully combines strategy and tactics, in the case of a conflict between short-term perspective and goals prefers strategic planning. Nazarbayev - subtle politician who takes only informed decisions. He is consistent and predictable, but in an emergency can make a decision that from him, no one expects. In December 1991, when the leaders of the three Slavic republics suddenly all over the world have signed an agreement Belovezhskoe almost become a death sentence for the Soviet Union, Nazarbayev, despite all the predictions and forecasts, did not go to the events, refusing to add your own - Islamic Union and the Central Asian republics Kazakhstan. Time has shown that Nazarbayev to the difficult situation took the right decision. Because of this, it was possible to avoid a confrontation between the republics.
Nursultan Nazarbayev know, recognize and respect worldwide. With his name is associated with the acquisition of our republic's independence, the period of formation and consolidation of the state of Kazakhstan. During the leadership of Nursultan Nazarbayev was the formation of Kazakhstan as a sovereign state, a full member of the United Nations. Under his direct leadership introduced the national currency - tenge, institutionalized independent financial and economic system of the country. If it were formed by the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan and other power structures that reliably provide national security.
Kazakhstan received guarantees of national security and territorial integrity of the five nuclear powers: the United States, Britain, Russia, France and China. The Republic of Kazakhstan became a nuclear-free state. Was closed Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. Thanks to the efforts of Nazarbayev, our country received the status of a strategic partner of the United States - the only post-Soviet superpower in the world. At the same time, preserve the traditional friendly relations with Russia: a simplified procedure for the acquisition of citizenship, the Russian language was given the status equal with the state official language, saved the Baikonur Cosmodrome, signed a declaration of eternal friendship.
Author of books "Kazakhstan's way" "Steel Profile of Kazakhstan" "Without the right and left" "The strategy of resource conservation and the transition to a market economy" "Kremlin deadlock" "The strategy of the formation and development of Kazakhstan as a sovereign state" "The market and socio-economic development" "On the eve of the XXI century" "N. Nazarbayev. Eurasian Union: ideas, practice and prospects. 1994-1997 " "In the flow of history" "The epicenter of the world"
Author of scientific articles "The master thrift" "The economy of Kazakhstan: Reality and Prospects of renovation" "The problems of division of labor" "The effect of association: experience and problems" "Terms of the new," brake "old" "Problems of Aral and solutions" «Terra incognita post-totalitarian democracy" "From the Imperial Alliance for the Commonwealth of Independent States" "Economic Integration - no reasonable alternative" "Inter-ethnic unity and economic sovereignty - the main and reliable support of our progress" "Our targets - consolidation, social progress, social partnership" "Critical Decade" "On the acceleration of market reforms and measures to overcome the economic crisis" "Eurasian space: integration potential and its realization" and others.
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