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РЕЦЕПТИВНЫЕ, РЕПРОДУКТИВНЫЕ И ПРОДУКТИВНЫЕ ТИПЫ УПРАЖНЕНИЙ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

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КРЫМСКИЙ РЕСПУБЛИКАНСКИЙ ИНСТИТУТ

ПОСТДИПЛОМНОГО ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ













РЕЦЕПТИВНЫЕ,

РЕПРОДУКТИВНЫЕ И

ПРОДУКТИВНЫЕ ТИПЫ УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ









Выполнила: слушатель курсов

повышения квалификации

по специальности «Английский язык»

Назаренко Е.А.



















Симферополь, 2016

Рецептивные упражнения.

1. Заполните пропуски, где это необходимо, подходящими прeдлогами at, on, in, over,under,behind,next to.

He works out ... the morning every day. - He works out in the morning every day.

1. We had holidays ... July.

2. ... the 25th of March I met my future wife.

3. ... last year they had a baby.

4. I should be there ... 6 p.m. 

5. Mike had a great party ... his birthday

hello_html_m3ecd087a.jpg

2. An informal letter is a letter to an English-speaking friend. In this kind of letter we may use:

  • a friendly and personal tone

  • contraction verb forms like I’m and hasn’t

  • phrasal verbs

  • informal expressions such as a bit (for ‘a little’)

  • fewer passive verb forms

Can you think of anything else to add to the list?

3. Read the letter. Which words or sentences:

  • say why the sender is writing?

  • tell you the order in which things happened?

  • ask for a reply?

Dear Pam,

Thanks for your letter. It was great to hear from you.

I must tell you about a really amazing experience I had yesterday. It was our day off so we went to an old friend near Oxford and flew a microlight. I was with Jane who is a very friendly incntuctor. First we went across grass very quickly, shaking a lot. Then we were in the air with only the noise of the engine and I thought ‘I hope this thing doesn’t stop’ because when I looked down I saw it was a long way.

After that we flew over some trees and suddenly we started to stop. Jane said it was because the air was colder there and it always happened like that, but I was terrified .

At last we came down. Our landing was hard but the first thing I said when I got out was ‘When can I do this again?’ It was the wonderful fun.

Please write soon to tell me your news.

Love,

Peter

Репродуктивные упражнения.

  1. Read the two letters and say why they have been written. Then, compare and contrast them to find characteristics of formal and informal style.

MODEL A

Dear John,

Just thought I’d drop you a line to congratulate you on your promotion. Lynda told me about in yesterday, and I can only say how pleased I am – though not surprised.

Considering what a hard-working and dedicated policeman you’ve been, it’s only logical that they should decide to promote you to Detective Sergeant. I’m sure your part in solving that series of burglaries had an influence as well. It takes a special talent to solve a complicated case like that, and obviously you have it. I hope in your new role you’ll have the chance to prove yourself again and again – not that I hope there’s lots of crime, but you know what I mean.

Once more, congratulations. Hopefully we can get together soon and celebrate a bit. Get my love to Delia and the kids, and write soon.

Regards,

Dave

MODEL B

Dear Mr Harvey,

I have received your letter dated 12th November, which requests a reference for Mr Dean Guthrie. I am pleased to comply your request and to provide the following information.

Mr Dean Guthrie has been employed at Millibank in Huntersville for five years, where he has held the position of Head of Security. Mr Guthrie has decided to leave this post, as he is moving to Bristol.

After twenty years of dedicated service in the London Metropolitan Police Force, Mr Guthrie came to us in June 1990. Using his excellent skills and training, he helped to design the bank’s security system. Mr Guthrie is very good at dealing with difficult situations, and is a patient, tactful man.

Mr Guthrie is modest, and friendly. His professionalism, honesty, and loyalty have made him a model employee.

I have no hesitation in recommending Mr Guthrie for any position in security .

Yours sincerely,

John Smith (General Manager)





2. Look at expressions and match them with purposes 1-8

That remainds me

I’m really sorry I

I’b better close now

Pleese let me know

Why don’t you

I’m glad to hear that

I look forward to hearing fron you

Many thanks for your letter

  1. to finish the letter

  2. to ask for information

  3. to comment on goog news

  4. to change the subject

  5. to ask for a reply

  6. to apologize

  7. to thank them for writing

  8. to suggest or invite

3. Analyze an informal letter

А. Work in pairs. Read models A and B, and say which one is appropriate. Think about whether:

  • the paragraphs are clearly organized

  • the style is appropriate

MODEL A

Dear Tim,

Hi – how are you? I’m good but I have exams this week at school. I write to answer your letter in which you ask me for my advice.

There are a range of options you could choose from. But before I begin with those, I like to say it’s a shame you can’t take extra lessons. I had extra lessons when I wanted to improve my French and that it helped a lot, but that was also because of my teacher. She was the best! Anyway, you could listen to the English music more often.

Of course you shouldn’t spend hours to listen to music. That’s just a waste of time! Listening to songs in English is a good way to learn new vocabulary, and it’s fun too! Furthermore, if I was you I’d read more in English. You can also have conversations with a friend in English, and then correct each other’s mistakes.

I recommend that you accept these advices on the matter.

Yours sincerely,

Angela

MODEL B

Dear Dan,

Thanks for your last letter. I think it’s great you want to brush up on your English and of course I’m only too glad to help you. Here are a few things you could try.

First of all, it would be a good idea to start reading more in English. You probably won’t have time to read novels but there are plenty of magazines that also help you improve your English. As you are so fond of nature, why don’t you take out a subscription to Natural Geographic?

Another suggestion is to watch films on DVD without the subtitles. That way you force yourself to listen to the language very carefully.

The best advice I can give you is to get more English-speaking pen-friends and email friends. That method really worked for me when I wanted to improve my Italian.

I hope these ideas will help. And remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t give up too easily! Write and let me Know how you get on.

Yours,

Pam

ВIn pairs answer the following questions about model A.

  1. What irrelevant information has the writer included in the main body?

  2. Has the writer used the correct style?

  3. How could the paragraphs have been better organized?

  4. Correct the grammatical mistakes.

C. In pairs answer the following questions about model B.

What style has the writer used?

  1. Has the writer organized the points clearly into paragraphs?

  2. What is the topic of each paragraph?

  3. Underline the topic sentences. Replace them with other appropriate ones.

4. Поставьте следующие предложения в страдательный залог (passive voice).


1. Did they offer you a good job?
2. Why can’t you tell them the truth?
3. What kind of explanation did they give you?
4. They have just shown us a new film.
5. The teacher was reading a fairy tale to the children.
6. Have you written a letter to Father?
7. Will the teacher dictate the text to you?
8. They asked me a lot of interesting questions.
9. Everyone was listening to the speaker very attentively.
10. People are talking a lot about this young actress.
11. He never mentioned the incident to his friends.
12. His father taught him mathematics.
13. We envy him his luck.

Продуктивные упражнения.

  1. A friend of yours has sent you a letter asking for your advice as he and his parents disagree about what he should study at university. Write a letter giving him your advice.

  2. You have just been offered a very good job abroad. Write to your best friend, giving details of your news and plans.

  3. You have been invited by your friend to spend the weekend on his father’s farm. Write a letter accepting or refusing this invitation.



Автор
Дата добавления 27.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров448
Номер материала ДБ-101059
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